Eucalyptus leucoxylon

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Blue gum, yellow gum
Eucalyptus leucoxylon.jpg
Eucalyptus leucoxylon, Melbourne
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Myrtaceae
Genus: Eucalyptus
E. leucoxylon
Binomial name
Eucalyptus leucoxylon
E. leucoxylon.JPG
E. leucoxylon, field distribution

Eucalyptus leucoxylon, commonly known as yellow gum, blue gum or white ironbark, is a species of eucalypt that is endemic to Australia. It is widely distributed on plains and nearby mountain ranges or coastal South Australia, where it is known as the Blue Gum and extends into the western half of Victoria where it is known as the yellow gum.


Yellow gum is a small to medium-sized tree with rough bark on the lower 1–2 m of the trunk, above this, the bark becomes smooth with a white, yellow or bluish-grey surface. Adult leaves are stalked, lanceolate to broad-lanceolate, to 13 x 2.5 cm, concolorous, dull, green. The white, pink or red flowers appear during winter. The leaves are distilled for the production of cineole based eucalyptus oil.[1]


The species has been divided into numerous varieties and subspecies.

E. leucoxylon var. ‘Rosea’


  1. ^ Boland, D.J., Brophy, J.J., and A.P.N. House, Eucalyptus Leaf Oils, 1991, ISBN 0-909605-69-6
  2. ^ Brooker, M.I.H. & Kleinig, D.A. Field Guide to Eucalyptus, Bloomings, Melbourne 2001
  3. ^ Longmore, Sue; Smithyman, Steve; Crawley, Matt (2010). Inland Plants of the Bellarine Peninsula. Bellarine Catchment Network.
  4. ^ "South Australian blue gum". State Flora. Retrieved 5 March 2016.
  5. ^ "Eucalyptus Euky Dwarf". Austraflora. Retrieved 2016-03-28.
  6. ^ Brooker. M. I. H.; Kleinig, D. A (2006). Field Guide to Eucalypts: Volume 1 South Eastern Australia. Bloomings Books. ISBN 1876473525.