Eucalyptus melliodora

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Yellow box
Eucalyptus flowers2.jpg
Eucalyptus melliodora, flowers & leaves
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Myrtaceae
Genus: Eucalyptus
E. melliodora
Binomial name
Eucalyptus melliodora
E. melliodora.JPG
E. melliodora, field distribution

Eucalyptus melliodora, commonly known as yellow box,[2] is a medium-sized to occasionally tall eucalypt. The bark is variable ranging from smooth with an irregular, short stocking, to covering most of the trunk, fibrous, dense or loosely held, grey, yellow or red-brown, occasionally very coarse, thick, dark brown to black; shedding from the upper limbs to leave a smooth, white or yellowish surface.

Species description[edit]

Leaves are stalked (with petiole), narrow-lanceolate to lanceolate, to 14 x 1.8 cm, concolorous, dull, light green or slate grey. The intramarginal vein (obvious on most eucalypt leaves as the leaf vein that lies close to the leaf margin in a circumferential way) is markedly distant from the leaf margin in this species. This occurs in both adult and juvenile leaves.[3]

The tree is widely distributed on the eastern plains and tablelands from western Victoria, New South Wales to south-central Queensland.

E. melliodora is considered to be the best native tree for honey production, the honey produced has a delightful golden colour and an excellent taste. The timber is pale brown, dense and heavy (about 1100 kg/m3), resistant to decay and has been used for sleepers, posts, poles and bridges. It is not known as a furniture timber.

One of the few trees to survive the blast from the 6 August 1945 atomic bombing of Hiroshima Japan, was an E. melliodora. The tree was located 740 m (2,430 ft) from the hypocenter, and as of April 2019 was still standing.


It is associated with inland grey box, fuzzy box (E. conica), white box (E. albens), pilliga grey box (E. pilligaensis), red ironbark (E. sideroxylon), narrow-leaved ironbark (E. crebra), Blakely's red gum (E. blakelyi), apple species (Angophora), black cypress (Callitris endlicheri), white cypress (Callitris glaucophylla), kurrajong (Brachychiton populneus) and wattles (Acacia) species.[4]



  1. ^ "Eucalyptus melliodora". APNI. Archived from the original on 1 March 2015. Retrieved 1 March 2015.
  2. ^ Costermans, L.F. (1981). Trees of Victoria. Melbourne: Author. ISBN 0-9599105-1-4.
  3. ^ Brooker & Kleinig, Eucalyptus, An illustrated guide to identification, Reed Books, Melbourne, 1996
  4. ^ Boland, Douglas J.; Brooker, M. Ian H.; Chippendale, G. M.; McDonald, Maurice W. (2006). Forest trees of Australia. Collingwood, Victoria: CSIRO Publishing. p. 464. ISBN 0-643-06969-0.

Further reading[edit]

  • Bootle KR. (1983). Wood in Australia. Types, properties and uses. McGraw-Hill Book Company, Sydney. ISBN 0-07-451047-9