Eucleia or Eukleia (Greek: Ευκλεια) was the ancient Greek female personification of glory and good repute. Along with her sisters, Eupheme, Philophrosyne and Euthenia, she was likely regarded as a member of the younger Charites. According to Plutarch, Eucleia may have also been used as an epithet of Artemis.
According to an Orphic rhapsody fragment, Eucleia's parents were Hephaestus and Aglaea. Alternatively, Plutarch stated that Eucleia was sometimes considered a separate goddess and the daughter of Heracles and Myrto, and as she died a virgin, she came to be venerated as a goddess.
In Greek vase paintings, particularly from 5th century Athens, Eucleia is frequently shown among the attendants of Aphrodite, where she represents the good repute of a chaste bride or is performing stereotypically feminine tasks. She was also referred by ancient Greek author Bacchylides as "garland-loving".
Cult in Greece and Macedonia
Eucleia was worshipped in Locris and Boeotia. Plutarch states that all cities in these areas had an image and alter of her, and this is where brides and grooms would perform a sacrifice. At Thebes, her statue was created by Skopas. In Athens, a temple was dedicated to Artemis-Eucleia in honor of those who fought in the Battle of Marathon, which is referenced by Greek author Plutarch and Roman geographer Pausanias. It is likely that Eucleia was worshipped together with Eunomia at Athens, as they were served by one priest.
There was a sanctuary dedicated to Eucleia at Aigai (Aegae), the ancient capital of Macedonia. The sanctuary consisted of a 4th century Doric temple, a small Hellenistic era temple, and two stoas. At least two statute bases were votive offerings by Eurydice, paternal grandmother of Alexander the Great; it has been suggested that these offerings were made to commemorate Philip II's victory at Chaeronea in 338 B.C.E. It is possible that there was a statute of Eucliea in the sanctuary. In the area surround the sanctuary, at least three burials of significant people, who were crowned with golden oak leaf wreathes, have been discovered.
- Smith, Amy C. (2005). "The politics of weddings at Athens: an iconographic assessment". Leeds international classical Studies. 4.1: 1–32.
- Atsma, Aaron J. (2017). "EUKLEIA". Theoi Project.
- Plutarch, Aristides, 20.5-6
- Mylonopoulos, Joannis (2013). "Amy C. Smith, Polis and Personnification in Classical Athenian Art". Chronique des activités scientifiques Revue des livres. 26: 391–396 – via Kernos.
- Bacchylides, Fragment 13
- Borza, p. 192
- Palagia, Olga (2016). "Visualising the gods in Macedonia: from Philip II to Perseus". Pharos. 22: 73–98.
- Pausanias, Description of Greece, 1.14.5
- Stafford, E. J. (1994). Greek cults of deified abstractions (Doctoral dissertation, University of London).
- Budin, Stephanie Lynn (2010). "Aphrodite Enoplion". In Smith, Amy C.; Pickup, Sadie (eds.). Brill's Companion to Aphrodite. Leiden, Netherlands: Brill. p. 85. ISBN 978-90-04-18003-1.
- Drougou, Stella (2011). "Vergina—The Ancient City of Aegae". In Lane Fox, Robin J. (ed.). Brill's Companion to Ancient Macedon. Boston, MA: Brill. pp. 243-256. ISBN 978-9004206502.
- Kyriakou, Athanasia (2014). "Exceptional burials at the sanctuary of Eukleia at Aegae (Vergina): the gold oak wreath". Annual of the British School at Athens. 109: 251–285.
- Borza, Eugene, In the Shadow of Olympus: The Emergence of Macedon, Princeton University Press, 1992. ISBN 0-691-05549-1.
- Smith, William; Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, London (1873). "Eucleia"
|This article relating to a Greek deity is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|