Euclid Avenue (IND Fulton Street Line)

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Euclid Avenue
NYCS-bull-trans-A.svg NYCS-bull-trans-C.svg
New York City Subway rapid transit station
Manhattan bound platform at Euclid Av.jpg
Manhattan-bound platform
Station statistics
Address Euclid Avenue & Pitkin Avenue
Brooklyn, NY 11208
Borough Brooklyn
Locale East New York
Coordinates 40°40′31″N 73°52′19″W / 40.675366°N 73.871899°W / 40.675366; -73.871899Coordinates: 40°40′31″N 73°52′19″W / 40.675366°N 73.871899°W / 40.675366; -73.871899
Division B (IND)
Line IND Fulton Street Line
Services       A all times (all times)
      C all except late nights (all except late nights)
Transit connections Bus transport NYCT Bus: B13
Bus transport MTA Bus: Q7, Q8
Structure Underground
Platforms 2 island platforms
cross-platform interchange
Tracks 4
Other information
Opened November 28, 1948; 67 years ago (1948-11-28)
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access
Traffic
Passengers (2014) 3,315,007[1]Decrease 0.2%
Rank 153 out of 421
Station succession
Next north Shepherd Avenue (local): A late nights C all except late nights
Broadway Junction (express): A all except late nights
Next south Grant Avenue: A all times
(Terminal): C all except late nights


Next Handicapped/disabled access north Utica Avenue: A all times C all except late nights
Next Handicapped/disabled access south Howard Beach – JFK Airport (via Rockaway): A all times
none (via Lefferts): A all times C all except late nights

Euclid Avenue is an express station on the IND Fulton Street Line of the New York City Subway, located at the intersection of Euclid and Pitkin Avenues in East New York, Brooklyn. It is served by the A train at all times and is the southern terminal for the C train at all times except nights. During nights, this is the northern terminal for the Lefferts Boulevard shuttle from Ozone Park, Queens.

History[edit]

Weekend construction work at the station

Euclid Avenue was part of a four-station extension of the Fulton Street subway along Pitkin Avenue, past its original planned terminus at Broadway – East New York.[2][3][4] Construction of the station began in 1938, but the station remained an incomplete shell during World War II that could not be finished because of material shortages from the war effort.[4][5] Construction resumed on the extension in 1946.[6] The delay meant the station received different design features than the rest of the stations along the line, including a slightly different tile job, fluorescent lighting instead of then-standard incandescent lights, and improved restroom and phone booth facilities.[4][7][8]

After several test runs, the station opened to the public in the early morning of November 28, 1948. It became the new terminal of the Fulton Street Line, replacing the former terminal at Broadway – East New York (now Broadway Junction).[4][5][7][7] It later became the replacement for the elevated BMT Fulton Street Line's Chestnut Street and Crescent Street stations, which closed on April 26, 1956 when the connection to the eastern Fulton elevated was opened.[9]

In the mid-2000s, an elevator to the street and elevators between the mezzanine and each platform were installed, making the station ADA-accessible.[10][11]

Station layout[edit]

G Street Level Exit/ Entrance
M Mezzanine Fare control, station agent
Handicapped/disabled access (Elevator at NE corner of Euclid and Pitkin Avenues)
P
Platform level
Northbound local NYCS-bull-trans-C.svg toward 168th Street (boarding passengers only; all except late nights) (Shepherd Avenue)
NYCS-bull-trans-A.svg toward 207th Street (late nights) (Shepherd Avenue)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right Handicapped/disabled access
Northbound express NYCS-bull-trans-A.svg toward 207th Street (all except late nights) (Broadway Junction)
NYCS-bull-trans-S blue.svg termination track (late night shuttle)
Southbound express NYCS-bull-trans-A.svg toward Rockaway Park (PM rush hours), or Lefferts Boulevard or Far Rockaway (all except late nights) (Grant Avenue)
NYCS-bull-trans-S blue.svg toward Lefferts Boulevard (late night shuttle) (Grant Avenue)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right Handicapped/disabled access
Southbound local NYCS-bull-trans-C.svg termination track (all except late nights) →
NYCS-bull-trans-A.svg toward Far Rockaway (late nights) (Grant Avenue)
Street staircase

This station has four tracks and two island platforms, and is the geographically easternmost (railroad southern) express station on the IND Fulton Street Line.[4][7] It has the same 10" × 5" eggshell-beige wall tile as the next three stations west (railroad north), in contrast to typical IND white square tiles.[12] The tile band, however, is a delicate shade of lilac with a violet border, similar to Delancey Street in Manhattan. The I-beams are tiled with color bands and mini-vertical name tablets reading "Euclid," along with the two-tone border motif. The I-beams are in pairs at the center of the platforms; towards each end the platforms narrow and there is a single row of these I-beams.[12] A crew quarters room is over the south end of both platforms. The station has a crossover in the mezzanine along with an active newsstand and elevators to both platforms. The street elevator is located at the Northeast corner of Pitkin and Euclid Avenues, and exits stairs are present at all four corners of the intersection.[11][13]

East of the station[edit]

The next station east (railroad south) for IND Fulton Street service is Grant Avenue, located in City Line, Brooklyn. However, there is rumored to be another station named 76th Street in nearby Ozone Park, Queens, just four blocks east of Grant Avenue.[5]

The track work is quite complex there, allowing trains to enter the Pitkin Yard from both the express and local tracks (where C trains relay to get from the southbound to the northbound local track), and with connections to the two-track Grant Avenue station from both the express and local tracks; the Grant Avenue spur then veers northeast towards Liberty Avenue.[14] All four mainline trackways continue below the Grant Avenue connection, disused, east under Pitkin Avenue until approximately Elderts Lane (just south of the Grant Avenue station). It was planned that these tracks would continue under Pitkin Avenue to Cross Bay Boulevard, as part of a never-built system expansion which would have extended the Fulton Street Subway to the Rockaways and to Cambria Heights near the Queens-Nassau County border.[5][6][15] On the electric light signal board in the control room at Euclid Avenue, there is a taped-over section of the board that hides the 76th Street station.[5][15][16] There are also two tracks coming from the Pitkin Yard heading towards the 76th Street station site. When Pitkin Yard originally opened, the yard leads toward 76th Street were usable to relay short trains on. Today, those two tracks are no longer connected via switches. Parts of the trackways still exist, but the switches were removed and the tunnel ends in a cinderblock wall.[15]

As late as 1951, the mainline and relay tracks were still planned to be extended as far as 105th Street (the modern location of Aqueduct Racetrack), with a connection to the recently abandoned Rockaway Beach Branch of the Long Island Railroad east of Cross Bay Boulevard.[17] The extension of the subway, however, was never built; instead the line was connected to the former Fulton Street elevated on Liberty Avenue and the former LIRR Rockaway branch (now the IND Rockaway Line), both via the Grant Avenue station opened in 1956.[9][18][19]

Rumors of the supposed station are prevalent. Evidence supporting the existence of the station includes the signal board,[5][15][16] the cinderblock wall at the end of the tunnel (cinderblock, brick, and wooden partitions are used in other parts of the subway to seal potential expansion sites)[15][16] and a signal for trains running from the station into Euclid Avenue facing the wall.[16] On online transit forums, such as the website SubChat, some have claimed to have known people who have seen the station. The New York Times likened the rumor to the Roswell UFO incident.[15] Steve Krokowski, a retired transit worker and police officer, was quoted by the Times in reference to the station, mentioning:

  • The taped-over portion of the signal board which covers a label for the 76th Street station.[15] (This control board actually exists, and has indeed been taped over.[5][16][20])
  • The remnants of the Pitkin Yard leads that head northeast and then stop near the aforementioned cinder-block wall. Krokowski tried to dig under the wall, and found a track tie, but stopped when the hole caved in.[15]
  • A retired police officer claimed that the cinder-block wall previously had a door, and that in the 1960s. he walked through it, and saw a station complete with everything except for turnstiles and token booths.[15] Other "colleagues", all supposedly dead, also claimed to have seen the station, though whether anyone else actually made such claims is unknown.[15]

However, there is also significant evidence against the existence of the station, including a lack of newspaper coverage, the lack of subway infrastructure such as ventilation grates or skylights on Pitkin Avenue in the area, and the absence of documentation of the work from the Transportation Board or the Board of Estimate.[5][15] In addition, Pitkin Avenue is more narrow at the site than other streets which accommodate four-track subways underground.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2015-04-27. 
  2. ^ Duffus, R.L. (September 22, 1929). "OUR GREAT SUBWAY NETWORK SPREADS WIDER; New Plans of Board of Transportation Involve the Building of More Than One Hundred Miles of Additional Rapid Transit Routes for New York". The New York Times. Retrieved 19 August 2015. 
  3. ^ Board of Transportation of the City of New York Engineering Department, Proposed Additional Rapid Transit Lines And Proposed Vehicular Tunnel, dated August 23, 1929
  4. ^ a b c d e "Trains Roll on $47,000,000 Fulton St. Subway Extension". Newspapers.com. Brooklyn Daily Eagle. November 29, 1948. p. 2. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h Joseph B. Raskin (1 November 2013). The Routes Not Taken: A Trip Through New York City's Unbuilt Subway System. Fordham University Press. ISBN 978-0-8232-5369-2. Retrieved 12 August 2015. 
  6. ^ a b Jaffe, Alfred (December 6, 1946). "Borough Subway Relief Still 2 or 3 Years Off". Newspapers.com. Brooklyn Daily Eagle. pp. 1, 5. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  7. ^ a b c d "Fulton Subway Stations Open After All-Night 'Dry Runs'". Newspapers.com. Brooklyn Daily Eagle. November 28, 1948. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  8. ^ "Last Word in Subways and Cars for Boro". Newspapers.com. Brooklyn Daily Eagle. November 23, 1948. p. 8. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  9. ^ a b "First Leg of Rockaways Transit Opened at Cost of $10,154,702". nytimes.com. The New York Times. April 30, 1956. Retrieved 29 June 2015. 
  10. ^ Chan, Sewell (October 29, 2005). "New Elevators in Subways Are Delayed". The New York Times. Retrieved 13 September 2015. 
  11. ^ a b "NYC Official Accessibility Guide" (PDF). nyc.gov. City of New York. 2008. Retrieved 20 September 2015. 
  12. ^ a b Caputo, Michael (1948). "Euclid Avenue subway station". Brooklyn Public Library, Brooklyn Collection. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  13. ^ "MTA Neighborhood Map: Woodhaven" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transit Authority (New York). 2015. Retrieved 22 July 2015. 
  14. ^ Marrero, Robert (2015-09-13). "469 Stations, 846 Miles" (PDF). B24 Blog, via Dropbox. Retrieved 2015-10-09. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Kennedy, Randy (January 21, 2003). "TUNNEL VISION; Next Stop, 'Twilight Zone' (a k a 76th St. Station)". The New York Times. The New York Times. Retrieved April 17, 2014. 
  16. ^ a b c d e "LTV Exploration // Abandoned subway stations, industrial buildings, and general decay in NYC". ltvsquad.com. 
  17. ^ Track diagram of the 1951 plan
  18. ^ Freeman, Ira Henry (June 28, 1956). "Rockaway Trains to Operate Today". nytimes.com. The New York Times. Retrieved 29 June 2015. 
  19. ^ "New Subway Unit Ready: Far Rockaway IND Terminal Will Be Opened Today". nytimes.com. The New York Times. January 16, 1958. Retrieved 29 June 2015. 
  20. ^ Picture of control board

External links[edit]