This is a good article. Follow the link for more information.

Euclid Avenue (IND Fulton Street Line)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

 Euclid Avenue
 "A" train"C" train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway rapid transit station
Manhattan bound platform at Euclid Av.jpg
Manhattan-bound platform
Station statistics
Address Euclid Avenue & Pitkin Avenue
Brooklyn, NY 11208
Borough Brooklyn
Locale East New York
Coordinates 40°40′31″N 73°52′19″W / 40.6754°N 73.8719°W / 40.6754; -73.8719Coordinates: 40°40′31″N 73°52′19″W / 40.6754°N 73.8719°W / 40.6754; -73.8719
Division B (IND)
Line IND Fulton Street Line
Services       A all times (all times)
      C all except late nights (all except late nights)
Transit connections Bus transport NYCT Bus: B13
Bus transport MTA Bus: Q7, Q8
Structure Underground
Platforms 2 island platforms
cross-platform interchange
Tracks 4
Other information
Opened November 28, 1948; 69 years ago (1948-11-28)
Station code 188[1]
Accessible This station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 ADA-accessible
Wireless service Wi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[2]
Traffic
Passengers (2017) 3,415,739[3]Decrease 1.2%
Rank 150 out of 425
Station succession
Next west Broadway Junction (express): A all except late nights
Shepherd Avenue (local): A late nightsC all except late nights
Next east (Terminal): C all except late nights
Grant Avenue: A all times


Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 west Utica Avenue: A all timesC all except late nights
Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 east none: C all except late nights
Ozone Park–Lefferts Boulevard (via Lefferts): A all times
Howard Beach–JFK Airport (via Rockaway): A all times

Euclid Avenue is an express station on the IND Fulton Street Line of the New York City Subway, located at the intersection of Euclid and Pitkin Avenues in East New York, Brooklyn. It is served by the A train at all times and is the southern terminal for the C train at all times except nights. During nights, this is the northern terminal for the Lefferts Boulevard shuttle train from Ozone Park, Queens.

Construction on the Euclid Avenue station started in 1938, but this part of the Fulton Street Line did not open until 1948. The Fulton Street Line was extended to the east in 1956, connecting to the Fulton Street Elevated via a branch line that runs through the Grant Avenue station. Elevators were installed at Euclid Avenue circa 2000.

The station has four tracks and two island platforms. In terms of railroad directions, this is the southernmost station on the Fulton Street Line. The line was originally planned to extend further east as a four-track underground line; however, the four-track extension was never built. East of the station, there are connections to the Pitkin Yard as well as to the Fulton Street Elevated. The tracks themselves dead-end after the Fulton Street elevated spur diverges.

History[edit]

Track layout
Bumper blocks
Possible provision for
a 76th Street station

Euclid Avenue was part of a four-station extension of the Fulton Street subway along Pitkin Avenue, past its original planned terminus at Broadway Junction.[4][5][6] Construction of the extension began in 1938.[6][7] Work on the section of the line between Crystal Street and Grant Avenue, which included the Euclid Avenue station and the Pitkin Yard, began in late 1940.[7][8] On August 26, 1941, lighting from a severe thunderstorm damaged the temporary timber roofing over the construction site at Pitkin Avenue and Autumn Avenue just east of the station. The lighting also ruptured a gas main at the site creating a fire and causing damage to an adjacent building, while two automobiles fell into the exposed tunnel cavern.[9] Construction of the extension was halted in December 1942 due to material shortages caused by World War II.[6][7][10] At the time, the section of tunnel between Crystal Street and Grant Avenue was 96% complete. Other parts of the extension were more than 99% complete, but vital equipment had yet to be installed, precluding these stations' openings.[7]

Construction resumed on the extension in November 1946.[7][11] The delay meant the station received different design features than the rest of the stations along the line, including a slightly different tiling, fluorescent lighting instead of then-standard incandescent lights, and improved restroom and phone booth facilities.[6][12][13] The station also featured a then-modern interlocking technology, known as the "NX" system, wherein train operators would press buttons that automatically adjusted the corresponding switches. In older interlockings throughout the subway system, workers in a separate control tower had to manually adjust the switches using a series of levers within the tower.[7][14][15][16]

After several test runs, the station opened to the public in the early morning of November 28, 1948. It became the new terminal of the Fulton Street Line, replacing the former terminal at Broadway–East New York (now Broadway Junction).[6][17]:143[7][12][14][18] It later became the replacement for the elevated BMT Fulton Street Line's Chestnut Street and Crescent Street stations, which closed on April 26, 1956 when the connection to the eastern Fulton elevated was opened.[7][19]

In the mid-2000s, an elevator to the street and elevators between the mezzanine and each platform were installed, making the station ADA-accessible.[20][21]

Station layout[edit]

G Street Level Exit/ Entrance
M Mezzanine Fare control, station agent
Handicapped/disabled access (Elevator at NE corner of Euclid and Pitkin Avenues)
P
Platform level
Northbound local "C" train toward 168th Street (boarding passengers only; all except late nights) (Shepherd Avenue)
"A" train toward 207th Street (late nights) (Shepherd Avenue)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right Handicapped/disabled access
Northbound express "A" train toward 207th Street (all except late nights) (Broadway Junction)
NYCS-bull-trans-S blue.svg termination track (late night shuttle)
Southbound express "A" train toward Rockaway Park (PM rush hours), or Lefferts Boulevard or Far Rockaway (all except late nights) (Grant Avenue)
"A" Shuttle train toward Lefferts Boulevard (late night shuttle) (Grant Avenue)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right Handicapped/disabled access
Southbound local "C" train termination track (all except late nights) →
"A" train toward Far Rockaway (late nights) (Grant Avenue)
Street staircase

The station has four tracks and two island platforms. It is the easternmost express station on the IND Fulton Street Line in terms of geographic directions. In terms of railroad directions, Euclid Avenue is the line's southernmost express station.[6][12] It has the same 10" × 5" eggshell-beige wall tile as do the next three stations west, in contrast to the typical square white tiles seen in the rest of the IND.[18][22] The tile band, however, is a delicate shade of lilac with a violet border, similar to Delancey Street in Manhattan.[18] The I-beams are tiled with color bands and mini-vertical name tablets reading "Euclid," along with the two-tone border motif. The I-beams are in pairs at the center of the platforms; towards each end the platforms narrow and there is a single row of these I-beams.[22] A crew quarters room is over the railroad south end of both platforms. The station has a crossover in the mezzanine along with an active newsstand and elevators to both platforms.[22]

The station has a control tower at the eastern end of the southbound platform, which monitors trains between Broadway Junction and the station, and controls the interlockings east of Euclid Avenue. The tower was the first in the subway system to use the "NX" or "Entrance-Exit" system. In this system, the tower utilizes a 12-foot (3.7 m) wide, 3.3-foot (1.0 m) tall electric light signal board which features a diagram of the nearby stations and track layout. It operates on direct current and consists of simple knobs and push buttons to control track switches, as opposed to the previous system which ran on alternating current and required a complicated series of levers.[14][15][16][23]

Exits[edit]

Stairways are present from each platform to the mezzanine above the tracks. Fare control is located in the mezzanine. Outside fare control is a street elevator leading to the northeast corner of Pitkin and Euclid Avenues. Street stairs also lead to all four corners of the intersection.[21][24] The Q7, Q8 and B13 bus routes stop outside the station.[25]

East of the station[edit]

The next station east (railroad south) for IND Fulton Street service is Grant Avenue, located in City Line, Brooklyn. However, an unfinished station is rumored to exist at 76th Street in nearby Ozone Park, Queens, just four blocks east of Grant Avenue.[17]:145–146

Express tracks
The site of the planned station at 76th Street in Ozone Park, Queens

The track work near Euclid Avenue is intricate, allowing trains to enter the Pitkin Yard from both the express and local tracks (where C trains relay to get from the southbound to the northbound local track), and with connections to the two-track Grant Avenue station from both the express and local tracks; the Grant Avenue spur then veers northeast towards Liberty Avenue.[26][27] All four mainline tracks continue below the Grant Avenue connection, used only to store trains, east under Pitkin Avenue until approximately Eldert Lane (just south of the Grant Avenue station). It was planned that these tracks would continue under Pitkin Avenue to Cross Bay Boulevard, as part of a never-built system expansion which would have extended the Fulton Street Subway to the Rockaways and to Cambria Heights near the Queens-Nassau County border.[17]:142[11][28][29] On the electric light signal board in the control room at Euclid Avenue, there is a taped-over section of the board that hides the 76th Street station.[17]:145[28][30][31] There are also two tracks coming from the Pitkin Yard heading towards the planned 76th Street station site.[28][31] These tracks would have merged with the mainline tracks just before 76th Street station.[23] When Pitkin Yard originally opened, the yard leads toward 76th Street were usable to relay short trains on. Today, those two tracks are no longer connected via switches. Parts of the trackways still exist, but the switches were removed and the tunnel ends in a cinderblock wall.[28][31]

As late as 1951, the mainline and relay tracks were still planned to be extended as far as 105th Street (the modern location of Aqueduct Racetrack), with a connection to the then-recently abandoned Rockaway Beach Branch of the Long Island Rail Road east of Cross Bay Boulevard.[32] The extension of the subway, however, was never built; instead the line was connected to the former Fulton Street elevated on Liberty Avenue and the former LIRR Rockaway branch (now the IND Rockaway Line), both via the Grant Avenue station, which opened in 1956.[19][33][34]

Rumors that the proposed station was actually constructed, at least partially, are prevalent. Evidence supporting the existence of the station includes the signal board,[17]:145[28][30][31] the cinderblock wall at the end of the tunnel (cinderblock, brick, and wooden partitions are used in other parts of the subway to seal potential expansion sites)[28][30][31] and several signals for trains running from the station into Euclid Avenue facing the wall, including one directly in front of the wall.[30][31] On online transit forums, such as the website SubChat, some have claimed to have known people who have seen the station. The New York Times, referring to the rumor as the "transit Atlantis", has likened it to the Roswell UFO incident or the Kennedy assassination conspiracy theories.[28] Steve Krokowski, a retired transit worker and police officer, was quoted by the Times in reference to the station, mentioning:

  • The taped-over portion of the signal board which covers a label for the 76th Street station.[28] (This control board actually exists, and has indeed been taped over.[17]:145[30][31])
  • The remnants of the Pitkin Yard leads that head northeast and then stop near the aforementioned cinder-block wall.[28] Krokowski tried to dig under the wall, and found a track tie, but stopped when the hole caved in.[28]
  • A retired police officer claimed that the cinder-block wall previously had a door, and that in the 1960s he walked through it, and saw a station complete with everything except for turnstiles and token booths.[28] Other "colleagues", all supposedly dead, also claimed to have seen the station, though whether anyone else actually made such claims is unknown.[28]

However, there is also significant evidence against the existence of the station, including a lack of newspaper coverage, the lack of subway infrastructure such as ventilation grates or skylights on Pitkin Avenue in the area, and the absence of documentation of the work from the Board of Transportation or the Board of Estimate.[17]:143[28]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017. 
  2. ^ "NYC Subway Wireless – Active Stations". Transit Wireless Wifi. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
  3. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2012–2017". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 12, 2018. Retrieved July 12, 2018. 
  4. ^ Duffus, R.L. (September 22, 1929). "OUR GREAT SUBWAY NETWORK SPREADS WIDER; New Plans of Board of Transportation Involve the Building of More Than One Hundred Miles of Additional Rapid Transit Routes for New York" (PDF). The New York Times. Archived (PDF) from the original on February 12, 2018. Retrieved August 19, 2015. 
  5. ^ Proposed Additional Rapid Transit Lines And Proposed Vehicular Tunnel. Board of Transportation of the City of New York Engineering Department. August 23, 1929. Archived from the original on January 22, 2018. Retrieved January 21, 2018. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f "Trains Roll on $47,000,000 Fulton St. Subway Extension". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. November 29, 1948. p. 2. Archived from the original on October 28, 2016. Retrieved October 9, 2015 – via Newspapers.com. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h Linder, Bernard (February 2006). "Fulton Street Subway". New York Division Bulletin. Electric Railroader's Association. 49 (2): 2. Archived from the original on September 20, 2016. Retrieved August 27, 2016. 
  8. ^ "Subway Contract Given to Boro Firm". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. September 12, 1940. p. 2. Archived from the original on December 20, 2016. Retrieved August 27, 2016 – via Newspapers.com. 
  9. ^ "Storm Causes Subway Tie-Up Lasting Hours". The Sun (New York City). Fultonhistory.com. August 27, 1941. p. 2. Retrieved 20 July 2018. 
  10. ^ "Priorities May Halt Work on Fulton Tube: Vital Defense Materials Are Needed To Complete Spur to Queens County Line". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. November 18, 1941. p. 3. Archived from the original on January 27, 2017. Retrieved August 26, 2016 – via Newspapers.com. 
  11. ^ a b Jaffe, Alfred (December 6, 1946). "Borough Subway Relief Still 2 or 3 Years Off". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. pp. 1, 5. Archived from the original on October 28, 2016. Retrieved October 9, 2015 – via Newspapers.com. 
  12. ^ a b c "Fulton Subway Stations Open After All-Night 'Dry Runs'". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. November 28, 1948. Archived from the original on October 28, 2016. Retrieved October 9, 2015 – via Newspapers.com. 
  13. ^ "Last Word in Subways and Cars for Boro". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. November 23, 1948. p. 8. Archived from the original on October 28, 2016. Retrieved October 9, 2015 – via Newspapers.com. 
  14. ^ a b c Report for the three and one-half years ending June 30, 1949. New York City Board of Transportation. 1949. 
  15. ^ a b "Signaling and Interlocking On New Line of New York Subways". Railway Signaling and Communications. Simmons-Boardman Publishing Corporation.: 578–583 September 1949. Archived from the original on February 12, 2018. Retrieved December 27, 2016. 
  16. ^ a b "Buttons to Speed Travel in Subway: $2,000,000 System of Signals Soon to Be in Operation on Brooklyn IND Division" (PDF). The New York Times. November 12, 1948. Archived (PDF) from the original on February 12, 2018. Retrieved December 27, 2016. 
  17. ^ a b c d e f g Raskin, Joseph B. (November 1, 2013), The Routes Not Taken: A Trip Through New York City's Unbuilt Subway System, Fordham University Press, ISBN 978-0-8232-5369-2 
  18. ^ a b c "4 Stations Opened By IND in Brooklyn: Mayor and Officials Inspect Fulton St. Line Extension to New Euclid Ave. Stop" (PDF). The New York Times. November 29, 1948. Archived (PDF) from the original on February 12, 2018. Retrieved December 27, 2016. 
  19. ^ a b "First Leg of Rockaways Transit Opened at Cost of $10,154,702" (PDF). nytimes.com. The New York Times. April 30, 1956. Archived (PDF) from the original on February 12, 2018. Retrieved June 29, 2015. 
  20. ^ Chan, Sewell (October 29, 2005). "New Elevators in Subways Are Delayed". The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 22, 2018. Retrieved September 13, 2015. 
  21. ^ a b "NYC Official Accessibility Guide" (PDF). nyc.gov. City of New York. 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 7, 2015. Retrieved September 20, 2015. 
  22. ^ a b c Caputo, Michael (1948). "Euclid Avenue subway station". Brooklyn Public Library, Brooklyn Collection. Retrieved October 9, 2015. 
  23. ^ a b Pfuhler, Frank (November 23, 1948). "Interlocking Machine, Euclid Ave Station, "A" Line". nycsubway.org. Archived from the original on December 27, 2016. Retrieved December 27, 2016. 
  24. ^
  25. ^ "Brooklyn Bus Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. November 2017. Retrieved April 24, 2018. 
  26. ^ "Review of the A and C Lines" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. December 11, 2015. Archived (PDF) from the original on January 28, 2016. Retrieved January 19, 2016. 
  27. ^ Marrero, Robert (January 1, 2017). "472 Stations, 850 Miles" (PDF). B24 Blog, via Dropbox. Retrieved April 27, 2018. 
  28. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Kennedy, Randy (January 21, 2003). "TUNNEL VISION; Next Stop, 'Twilight Zone' (a k a 76th St. Station)". The New York Times. The New York Times. Archived from the original on April 23, 2014. Retrieved April 17, 2014. 
  29. ^ "Complete Text of TA's Queens Subway Plan". Long Island Star-Journal. Fultonhistory.com. April 1, 1963. p. 8. Retrieved April 27, 2016. 
  30. ^ a b c d e "LTV Exploration // Abandoned subway stations, industrial buildings, and general decay in NYC". ltvsquad.com. Archived from the original on May 5, 2013. 
  31. ^ a b c d e f g "76th street – the puzzling evidence". ltvsquad.com. November 9, 2015. Archived from the original on June 7, 2016. 
  32. ^ "Tech Talk". New York Division Bulletin. Electric Railroader's Association. 47 (5): 6. May 2004. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved August 27, 2016. 
  33. ^ Freeman, Ira Henry (June 28, 1956). "Rockaway Trains to Operate Today" (PDF). nytimes.com. The New York Times. Retrieved June 29, 2015. 
  34. ^ "New Subway Unit Ready: Far Rockaway IND Terminal Will Be Opened Today" (PDF). nytimes.com. The New York Times. January 16, 1958. Archived (PDF) from the original on February 12, 2018. Retrieved June 29, 2015. 

External links[edit]