Euclidean

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Euclidean (or, less commonly, Euclidian) is an adjective derived from the name of Euclid, an ancient Greek mathematician. It may refer to:

Geometry[edit]

  • Euclidean space, the two-dimensional plane and three-dimensional space of Euclidean geometry as well as their higher dimensional generalizations
  • Euclidean geometry, the study of the properties of Euclidean spaces
  • Non-Euclidean geometry, systems of points, lines, and planes analogous to Euclidean geometry but without uniquely determined parallel lines
  • Euclidean distance, the distance between pairs of points in Euclidean spaces
  • Euclidean ball, the set of points within some fixed distance from a center point

Number theory[edit]

  • Euclidean division, the division which produces a quotient and a remainder
  • Euclidean algorithm, a method for finding greatest common divisors
  • Extended Euclidean algorithm, a method for solving the Diophantine equation ax + by = d where d is the greatest common divisor of a and b.
  • Euclid's lemma: if a prime number divides a product of two numbers, then it divides at least one of those two numbers.
  • Euclidean domain, a ring in which Euclidean division may be defined, which allows Euclid's lemma to be true and the Euclidean algorithm and the extended Euclidean algorithm to work

Other[edit]

See also[edit]