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This article is about ordered fields. For algebraic number fields whose ring of integers has a Euclidean algorithm, see Norm-Euclidean field. For the class of models in statistical mechanics, see Euclidean field theory.
- Every Euclidean field is an ordered Pythagorean field, but the converse is not true.
- If E/F is a finite extension, and E is Euclidean, then so is F. This "going-down theorem" is a consequence of the Diller–Dress theorem.
- The real numbers R with the usual operations and ordering form a Euclidean field.
- The field of real algebraic numbers is a Euclidean field.
- The real constructible numbers, those (signed) lengths which can be constructed from a rational segment by ruler and compass constructions, form a Euclidean field.
- The field of hyperreal numbers is a Euclidean field.
- The rational numbers Q with the usual operations and ordering do not form a Euclidean field. For example, 2 is not a square in Q since the square root of 2 is irrational. By the going-down result above, no algebraic number field can be Euclidean.
- The complex numbers C do not form a Euclidean field since they cannot be given the structure of an ordered field.
- Martin (1998) p. 89
- Lam (2005) p.270
- Martin (1998) pp. 35–36
- Martin (1998) p. 35
- Efrat (2006) p. 177
- Efrat, Ido (2006). Valuations, orderings, and Milnor K-theory. Mathematical Surveys and Monographs. 124. Providence, RI: American Mathematical Society. ISBN 0-8218-4041-X. Zbl 1103.12002.
- Lam, Tsit-Yuen (2005). Introduction to Quadratic Forms over Fields. Graduate Studies in Mathematics. 67. American Mathematical Society. ISBN 0-8218-1095-2. MR 2104929. Zbl 1068.11023.
- Martin, George E. (1998). Geometric Constructions. Undergraduate Texts in Mathematics. Springer-Verlag. ISBN 0-387-98276-0. Zbl 0890.51015.