Eucryphia cordifolia, the ulmo, is a species of tree in the family Cunoniaceae. It is found in Chile and Argentina. It is threatened by logging and habitat loss. The natural habitat is along the Andes Range from 38 to 43°S, and up to 700 meters (2300 ft) above sea level. It is a very elegant tree with a thick trunk and wide crown and can become over 12 m (39 ft) high. It blooms in February and March, depending on latitude and altitude. The fruit is a capsule about 1.5 cm (0.6 in) length.
Cultivation and uses
Its flowers contain a highly appreciated aromatic nectar, harvested by introduced European bees and commercialized as ulmo honey (miel de Ulmo). The wood is light brown to brown, heavy, moderately firm, rather hard and quite resistant to decay. It is used locally for construction and very extensively as firewood.
It grows well on the western coast of Scotland, UK, where there are several notable specimens, including possibly the most northerly cultivated example at Inverewe Garden. It dislikes cold winters. It can also be found in southern England and the island of Ireland. It has been planted in the North Pacific Coast of the United States.
Eucryphin, a chromone rhamnoside, can be isolated from the bark of E. cordifolia.
- ^ González, M. (1998). "Eucryphia cordifolia". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 1998: e.T33901A9816963. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.1998.RLTS.T33901A9816963.en. Retrieved 17 November 2021.
- ^ The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species, retrieved 21 August 2016
- ^ Encyclopædia Britannica. Eucryphia cordifolia
- ^ "Eucryphia cordifolia". Trees and Shrubs Online. Retrieved 18 April 2021.
- ^ Eucryphin, a new chromone rhamnoside from the bark of Eucryphia cordifolia. R. Tschesche, S. Delhvi, S. Sepulveda and E. Breitmaier, Phytochemistry, Volume 18, Issue 5, 1979, pages 867-869, doi:10.1016/0031-9422(79)80032-1
- "Eucryphia cordifolia". Enciclopedia de la Flora Chilena. Retrieved 27 June 2009.
- "Pictures and description of Eucryphia cordifolia". PlantenTuin Esveld. Retrieved 27 June 2009.
- "Eucryphia cordifolia in Washington Park Arboretum" (PDF). Washington Park Arboretum. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 March 2009. Retrieved 27 June 2009.
- "Eucryphia cordifolia makes gaseous biodiesel!". Autobloggreen. Retrieved 27 June 2009.