Eucryphia cordifolia

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Eucryphia cordifolia
Eucryphia cordifolia.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Oxalidales
Family: Cunoniaceae
Genus: Eucryphia
E. cordifolia
Binomial name
Eucryphia cordifolia
  • Eucryphia glutinosa (Poepp. & Endl.) Baill.
  • Eucryphia nymansensis J.Bausch
  • Eucryphia patagonica Speg.
  • Eucryphia pinnatifolia Gay
  • Fagus glutinosa Poepp. & Endl.

Eucryphia cordifolia, the ulmo, is a species of tree in the family Cunoniaceae. It is found in Chile and Argentina. It is threatened by logging and habitat loss. The natural habitat is along the Andes Range from 38 to 43°S, and up to 700 meters (2300 ft) above sea level. It is a very elegant tree with a thick trunk and wide crown and can become over 12 m (39 ft) high.[3] It blooms in February and March, depending on latitude and altitude. The fruit is a capsule about 1.5 cm (0.6 in) length.

Cultivation and uses[edit]

Its flowers contain a highly appreciated aromatic nectar, harvested by introduced European bees and commercialized as ulmo honey (miel de Ulmo). The wood is light brown to brown, heavy, moderately firm, rather hard and quite resistant to decay. It is used locally for construction and very extensively as firewood.

It grows well on the western coast of Scotland, UK, where there are several notable specimens, including possibly the most northerly cultivated example at Inverewe Garden. It dislikes cold winters. It can also be found in southern England and the island of Ireland. It has been planted in the North Pacific Coast of the United States.[4]

Chemical composition[edit]

Eucryphin, a chromone rhamnoside, can be isolated from the bark of E. cordifolia.[5]


  1. ^ González, M. (1998). "Eucryphia cordifolia". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 1998: e.T33901A9816963. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.1998.RLTS.T33901A9816963.en. Retrieved 17 November 2021.
  2. ^ The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species, retrieved 21 August 2016
  3. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica. Eucryphia cordifolia
  4. ^ "Eucryphia cordifolia". Trees and Shrubs Online. Retrieved 18 April 2021.
  5. ^ Eucryphin, a new chromone rhamnoside from the bark of Eucryphia cordifolia. R. Tschesche, S. Delhvi, S. Sepulveda and E. Breitmaier, Phytochemistry, Volume 18, Issue 5, 1979, pages 867-869, doi:10.1016/0031-9422(79)80032-1

External links[edit]