Eudes de Sully

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Illustration of head of Bishop Eudes
Bishop Eudes

Eudes de Sully (French: Odon de Sully, Odo de Sully; Latin: Odo de Soliaco)[1] (died 1208) was Bishop of Paris, from 1197 to 1208. He is considered to be the first to have put emphasis on the Elevation liturgy during the Catholic Mass. He worked to address many social matters including regulating celebrations in his cathedral. He also tried to ban chess. He founded the abbey that became Port-Royal.


On the political stage, Eudes came into conflict with Philip II of France, over Philip's intended repudiation of his wife.[2]

As a churchman, Eudes continued the building work on Notre Dame de Paris. Eudes is considered the first to have emphasized the elevation of the host during the Catholic Mass.[3] In 1175, Eudes forbade communion for children.[4]

Eudes attempted to regulate celebrations in his cathedral,[5] Christmas[6] and the Feast of Fools.[7] He also tried to ban chess.[8]

Eudes is also known for his promotion of polyphony in church, and the music of Pérotin.[9]

Eudes was a founder of the abbey that became Port-Royal.[10]


Eudes de Sully was son of Eudes Archambaud of Sully and Matilda of Baugency. His brother Henry was archbishop of Bourges.


Eudes' synodal decrees appear in volume 22 of Giovanni Domenico Mansi's Sacrorum conciliorum nova et amplissima collectio , 53 vols., Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlangsanstalt, 1961. More recently Odette Pontal produced a critical edition of these statutes in Les statuts synodaux Français du XIIIe siècle. Tome 1: Les Statuts de Paris et le synodal de l'ouest. Paris: Bibliothèque Nationale, 1971.

  • Cheney, C. R., English Synodalia, London, Oxford University Press, 1968, discussing the impact of these statutes in England.


  1. ^ Odo de Soliaco, VIAF (Virtual International Authority File)
  2. ^ Goyau, Pierre-Louis-Théophile-Georges (1911). "Paris" . In Herbermann, Charles (ed.). Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 11. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
  3. ^ Thurston, Herbert (1909). "The Elevation" . In Herbermann, Charles (ed.). Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 5. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
  4. ^ History Of The Christian Church*
  5. ^ PDF, p. 174, against mummers, maskers and excessive bell-ringing.
  6. ^ Ensemble Anonymus — Tempus Festorum Archived 2007-07-28 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ Thurston, Herbert (1909). "Feast of Fools" . In Herbermann, Charles (ed.). Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 6. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
  8. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Chess" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 6 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 102.
  9. ^ [1], in French, 1198.
  10. ^ PDF

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