Eudocima salaminia

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Green fruit-piercing moth
Eudocima salaminia (Noctuidae Catocalinae).jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Erebidae
Tribe: Ophiderini
Genus: Eudocima
Species: E. salaminia
Binomial name
Eudocima salaminia
(Cramer, 1777)
Synonyms
  • Phalaena salaminia Cramer, 1777
  • Ophideres atkinsoni Scott, 1890

The Green fruit-piercing moth, (Eudocima salaminia), is a moth of the family Erebidae. It is found from India, and across south-east Asia to the Pacific Islands. In Australia it occurs in the Northern Territory, Queensland and New South Wales. Adult is a fruit-piercer.[1][2]

Description[edit]

The wingspan is about 80–104 mm. Palpi with second joint very short and non-spatulate. Fore wings with straight outer margin. Cilia non-crenulate. Head and collar plum fruit colored. Thorax greenish with tufts on metathorax. Abdomen orange. Fore wings are golden greenish. A broad cream-colored costal fascia runs from near base of inner margin to apex, striated with pale red and turning to green at costa. There is a creamy marginal band as well. A curved red streak found below vein 2. Hind wings orange with large black lunule beyond lower angle of cell. A black marginal band with cilia whitish spots runs from costa to vein 2. Ventral side of fore wings fuscous, with orange at base. Broad whitish postmedial band not reaching costa or inner margin. Cilia whitish.[3]

Larva dark purplish grey with a few whitish specks. Somites 4th to 6th with small yellowish sub-dorsal spots, beneath which on 5th and 6th somites is a red-ringed black ocellus with whitish pupil. 11th somite is with a conical reddish dorsal tubercle. Late instar is olive brown with dark specks. A pale lateral fascia found on medial somites and purplish fascia from tubercle to last abdominal segment.

The larvae feed on Stephania japonica and Sarcopetalum harveyanum. Adults are a pest on fruit plantations. They penetrate fruit in order to suck the juices. After the fruit has been pierced, it is vulnerable for fungi and other micro-organisms. Piercing occurs on Oranges, Lemons and other Citrus as well as Lychees and Longans.[4]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Fruit piercing moth". Department of Agriculture and Fisheries. Retrieved 18 August 2016. 
  2. ^ "The Fruit-piercing Moths". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 18 August 2016. 
  3. ^ Hampson G. F. (1892). "The Fauna Of British India Including Ceylon And Burma Moths Vol-ii". Digital Library of India. p. 558. Retrieved 4 July 2016. [permanent dead link]
  4. ^ "Green Fruit-piercing Moth". Butterfly House. Retrieved 18 August 2016. 

External links[edit]