Eudoxia Woodward

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Eudoxia Muller Woodward
Born Eudoxia M. Muller
(1919-06-14)June 14, 1919
Flushing, New York
Died January 20, 2008(2008-01-20) (aged 88)
Belmont, Massachusetts
Nationality American
Education Smith College
Known for Painting
Spouse(s) Robert Burns Woodward (m. 1946)

Eudoxia Muller Woodward (June 14, 1919 – January 20, 2008) was an American artist and chemistry researcher. She was known for her work with Edwin H. Land at the Polaroid Corporation, where her research helped produce the Vectograph and the earliest forms of Polaroid instant photography.

Education and personal life[edit]

Born Eudoxia M. Muller in Flushing, New York to Olga Popoff Muller, a sculptor, and John Muller an architect, she grew up in New York City.[1] She attended St. Agatha’s School for high school and went on to receive her bachelor's degree from Smith College. She then settled in Boston, Massachusetts.[2]

While at Polaroid, she met Robert Burns Woodward, who had been hired as a consultant. They married in September 1946 and had two children.[3]

Post-Polaroid career[edit]

After leaving Polaroid, she taught art at the Belmont Day School in Belmont, Massachusetts and at retirement communities.[2]

The title of Woodward's 1977 art show in Boston, "Flowers - Art or Science?", exemplified the contradictions in her work.[1] Her watercolor Pentagonal Red Hibiscus, displayed at a show in 1995 at the Francesca Anderson Fine Art gallery in Lexington, exemplified the unity she found in the two approaches to experience. For the Pentagonal Red Hibiscus she said she had plotted four views of the blossom against a pentagon.[1] Her works have been shown in exhibitions at, among other sites, the DeCordova Museum and her alma mater, Smith College.

Variously, Woodward served on the boards of the Boston Museum of Science, the Boston Museum of Fine Arts, and the Cambridge Art Association.[2] In 2002, the New England Watercolor Society awarded Woodward the "Stanhope Framers Prize".[2]

In 2008, she died of cancer at her home in Belmont, Massachusetts.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d Marquard, Bryan (2008) "Eudoxia Woodward, 88; painter merged science, art" The Boston Globe January 22, 2008 accessed October 18, 2008
  2. ^ a b c d Staff (2008) "Eudoxia M. Woodward, Watercolorist, lecturer and teacher" The Cambridge Chronicle January 22, 2008 accessed October 18, 2008
  3. ^ Nicolaou, K. C. and Montagnon, Tamsyn (2008) Molecules That Changed the World: A Brief History of the Art and Science of Synthesis and Its Impact on Society Wiley, New York, p. 5 ISBN 3-527-30983-7

Further reading[edit]

  • Woodward, Crystal. The Geometry of Flowers: Eudoxia Woodward. Self-published, 2012.