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A one-act play, Bernard Palissy, written in collaboration with M. Gaston Salandri, was produced in 1879, but he had to wait eleven years before he obtained another hearing, his Ménage d'artistes being produced by Antoine at the Théâtre Libre in 1890.
His plays are essentially didactic, being aimed at some weakness or iniquity of the social system. Blanchette (1892) pointed out the civic results of education of girls of the working classes; Monsieur de Réboval (1892) was directed against pharisaism; L'Engrenage (1894) against corruption in politics; Les Bienfaiteurs (1896) against the frivolity of fashionable charity; and L'Évasion (1896) satirized an indiscriminate belief in the doctrine of heredity.
Les trois filles de M. Dupont (1897) is a powerful, somewhat brutal, study of the miseries imposed on poor middle-class girls by the French system of dowry; Le Résultat des courses (1898) shows the evil results of betting among the Parisian workmen; La Robe rouge (1900) was directed against the injustices of the law; Les Remplaçantes (1901) against the practice of putting children out to nurse.
Les Avariés (1901), Damaged Lives in English, was banned by the censor, due to its medical details of syphilis, was read privately by the author at the Théâtre Antoine; and Petite amie (1902) describes the life of a Parisian shop-girl.
Later plays are La Couvée (1903, acted privately at Rouen in 1893), Maternité (1904), La Déserteuse (1904), in collaboration with M. Jean Sigaux, and Les Hannetons, a comedy in three acts (1906).
- Damaged Goods, directed by Tom Ricketts (1914, based on the play Les Avariés)
- Die Geißel der Menschheit, directed by Luise Kolm and Jacob Fleck (1918, based on the play Les Avariés)
- Simone, directed by Camille de Morlhon (1918, based on the play Simone)
- A Métely, directed by Mihály Fekete (1918, based on the play Les Avariés)
- Damaged Goods, directed by Alexander Butler (1919, based on the play Les Avariés)
- Blanchette, directed by René Hervil (1921, based on the play Blanchette)
- The Cradle, directed by Paul Powell (1922, based on the play Le Berceau)
- L'Avocat, directed by Gaston Ravel (1925, based on the play L'Avocat)
- Simone, directed by Émile-Bernard Donatien (1926, based on the play Simone)
- Damaged Lives, directed by Edgar G. Ulmer (1933, based on the play Les Avariés)
- The Red Robe, directed by Jean de Marguenat (1933, based on the play La Robe rouge)
- Blanchette, directed by Pierre Caron (1937, based on the play Blanchette)
- Damaged Goods, directed by Phil Goldstone (1937, based on the play Les Avariés)
- Coup de feu dans la nuit, directed by Robert Péguy (1943, based on the play L'Avocat)
- Grove's Dictionary of Music and Musicians, 5th edition, vol. VIII, p. 368
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). . Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.