|Born||April 8, 1903
|Died||26 May 1991 (aged 88)|
Eugène Lourié (April 8, 1903 - 26 May 1991) was a French film director, art director, production designer, set designer and screenwriter who was known for his collaborations with Jean Renoir and for his 1950s science fiction movies. Allmovie contributor Sandra Brennan has written that he was "among the best art directors in French cinema." He was nominated for an Academy Award in 1969 for best visual effects on the film Krakatoa, East of Java.
Lourié was born in Ukraine in 1903. His first experience with cinema was in 1911 when a movie theater opened in Kharkov. In 1919, he worked on an anti-communist film titled Black Crowes. After he fled from the Soviet Union, he made his way to Istanbul. While there he made money for a fare to Paris, France by painting and drawing movie posters. He even slept in the theater on top of a piano to save money.
In the 1930s, he worked as a production designer for such directors as Jean Renoir, Max Ophüls, and René Clair. As an assistant and production designer to Renoir, he worked on such French films as La Grande illusion and La Règle du Jeu. After Renoir had moved to Hollywood in the early 1940s, Lourié moved as well, and worked with other directors including Sam Fuller, Charlie Chaplin, and Robert Siodmak. Then in 1953, he made his directorial debut with The Beast from 20,000 Fathoms, the first of three dinosaur films that Lourié would direct. The film was profitable, however Lourié has said that he regrets that the film typecast him as a science fiction director. He decided that after his 1961 film, Gorgo, he would stop directing movies because he did not want to direct "the same comic-strip monsters." Eight years later, he received an Academy Award nomination for his visual effects on Krakatoa, East of Java.
Lourié makes a non-speaking cameo appearance in Krakatoa, East of Java, portraying a lighthouse keeper on the coast of Java in 1883 who observes Krakatoa's final, cataclysmic explosion and enters the lighthouse to send news of it by telegraph.
- Jeanne (1934)
- The Bread Peddler (1934)
- Dark Eyes (1935)
- The Messenger (1937)
- Ramuntcho (1938)
- The Beast from 20,000 Fathoms (1953)
- The Colossus of New York (1958)
- Behemoth, the Sea Monster (1959)
- Gorgo (film) (1961)
- Flight from Ashiya (1964)
- Crack in the World (1965)
- Krakatoa, East of Java (1969)
- Brennan, Sandra. "Eugène Lourié > Overview - AllMovie". Allmovie. Retrieved 8 November 2010.
- "Eugène Lourié > Awards - AllMovie". Allmovie. Retrieved 8 November 2010.
- "Eugene Lourie dies, art director was 88". The Hour. 30 May 1991. Retrieved 8 November 2010.
- Weaver, Tom. Double Feature Creature Attack: A Monster Merger of Two More Volumes of Classic Interviews. p. 202. ISBN 0-7864-1366-2.
- Hunter, I. Q. (1999). British Science Fiction Cinema. p. 89. ISBN 0-415-16868-6.
- Model Ships in the Cinema: Krakatoa, East of Java, 1969, caption of photo of lighthouse keeper operating telegraph.
- Model Ships in the Cinema: Krakatoa, East of Java, 1969, including quotes from Lourié, Eugene, My Work in Films, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1985, ISBN 0-15-662342-0.
- "Eugene Lourié, film art director for half-century". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. 30 May 1991. Retrieved 8 November 2010.