Eugène Schneider

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Eugène Schneider
Eugène Schneider (1805-1875).png
Président du Corps législatif
In office
2 April 1867 – 4 September 1870
Preceded by Alexandre Colonna Walewski
Succeeded by Jules Grévy
Minister of Commerce and Agriculture
In office
24 January 1851 – 10 April 1851
Preceded by Louis Bernard Bonjean
Succeeded by Louis Buffet
President of the Conseil général de Saône-et-Loire
In office
1852–1869
Deputy of Saône-et-Loire
In office
13 September 1845 – 4 September 1870
Preceded by Adolphe Schneider
Personal details
Born 29 March 1805
Bidestroff, Moselle, France
Died 27 November 1875 (1875-11-28) (aged 70)
Paris, France
Nationality French
Children Henri Schneider
Relatives Adolphe Schneider (brother)
Eugène Schneider, II (grandson)

Joseph Eugène Schneider (29 March 1805 – 27 November 1875) was a French industrialist who in 1836 co-founded the Schneider company with his brother Adolphe Schneider.[1] For many years he was a Deputy, and was briefly Minister of Commerce and Agriculture in 1851.

Biography[edit]

Eugène Schneider was born on 29 March 1805 in Bidestroff, in the départment of Moselle, France.[2] He was the brother of François Antoine Schneider (1802–45), a deputy from 1842 to 1845. His father died when he was young, and he took a modest job in a trading house in Reims, then in the bank of Baron François-Alexandre Seillière.[3]

Business career[edit]

Schneider showed great aptitude for business, and at the age of 25 was appointed a director of the forges at Bazeilles. In 1833 his brother was appointed managing director of Le Creuzot, and Eugène Schneider was added as co-manager the same year. He made a powerful contribution to the prosperity of this establishment. After his brother died Schneider became the sole director of Le Creuzot, and soon was a powerful industrialist.[3]

In the crisis year of 1848 Charles de Wendel and Eugène Schneider saved the foundry at Fourchambault from bankruptcy by co-signing a huge bank loan.[4] Schneider obtained a monopoly in supplying arms to the French government, supplied the materials for government-encouraged railway construction.[5] What would become the Comité des forges was founded in 1864.[6] The Committee had the goals of managing relations between the industry and government, promoting exports and coordinating prices.[7] Eugène Schneider was the first President. There were ten members, each representing a region.[8]

Political career[edit]

After his brother's death Eugène Schneider was elected General Counselor of Couches and Montcenis. He was elected Deputy of the 5th college of Saône-et-Loire (Autun) on 13 September 1845.[3] During the July Monarchy Schneider was a deputy until 24 February 1848, sitting with the government majority.[2] During the French Second Republic Schneider ran unsuccessully in 1848 for election to the Constituent Assembly, and again ran unsuccessfully in 1849 for election to the Legislative Assembly. On 20 January 1851 Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte, President of the Republic, invited Schneider to join an interim cabinet as Minister of Agriculture and Commerce, which he kept until 10 April 1851. Schneider was then appointed Commander of the Legion of Honour.[3]

Schneider supported the coup d'état of 2 December 1851 that launched the Second French Empire. He became a member of the consultative commission, and on 29 February 1852 was elected to the Corps législatif for the 2nd constituency of Saône-et-Loire, running as the official candidate. He was reelected in turn of 22 June 1857, 1 June 1863 and 24 May 1869.[3] Schneider was President of the Corp from 2 April 1867 to 4 September 1870.[2] When Jérôme David was reappointed Vice-President in June 1869 this was seen as a promise to the reactionary party, and Schneider submitted his resignation. He agreed to remain only at the personal request of the emperor.[9] He was a member of the Corps législatif until 4 September 1870, always sitting with the dynastic majority.[2]

Death[edit]

Schneider died on 27 November 1875 in Paris.[2] He was buried in the San Charles church in Le Creusot (Saône-et-Loire).

Legacy[edit]

He is one of the 72 names inscribed on the Eiffel Tower.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Sources[edit]