Eugene (given name)

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Eugene
Pronunciation /jˈn/
Gender Male
Origin
Word/name Greek
Meaning "noble", "well-born"
Other names
Nickname(s) Gene
Related names Owen, Kevin

Eugene is a common feminine or masculine given name that comes from the Greek εὐγενής (eugenēs), "noble", literally "well-born",[1] from εὖ (eu), "well"[2] and γένος (genos), "race, stock, kin".[3] Gene is a common shortened form. The feminine variant is Eugenia or Eugénie.

Egon, a common given name in parts of central and northern Europe, is also a variant of Eugene. Other male foreign-language variants include:

Albanian Eugjeni
Arpitan Eugêne, Genio
Asturian Euxeniu
Basque Euken(i)
Belarusian Jauhien/Yaugen/Yauhen (Яўген), Yauheni (Яўгеній)
Breton Ujan
Bulgarian Евгени (Evgeni)
Catalan Eugeni
Chinese 叶甫盖尼 (Mandarin - Yè Fǔ Gài Ní, from Slavic Languages), 尤金 (Mandarin - Yóu Jīn, from Latin languages+English), 欧根 (Mandarin - Ōu Gēn, from Germanic languages minus English)
Croatian Eugen
Czech Evžen
Dutch Eugeen
Esperanto Eŭgeno
French Eugène, Yvain
Galician Uxío
German Eugen
Greek Ευγένιος (Evgénios)
Hungarian Jenő, Eugén
Irish Eóghan,[4][5] (Eóġan pre 1948), Eoin
Italian Eugenio
Korean 유진
Latin Eugenius
Latvian Eugenijs/Eižens, Jevgēņijs/Jevgeņijs/Jevgenijs
Lithuanian Eugenijus
Macedonian Евгениј (Evgenij, Yevgenij)
Occitan Eugèni
Piedmontese Genio
Polish Eugeniusz (Gienek)
Portuguese Eugênio (Brazil), Eugénio (Portugal)
Romanian Eugen, Eugeniu
Russian Евгений (transliterated as Evgeni, Evgeniy, Evgeny, Evgenii, Evgueni, Eugeny, Eugeniy, Ievgeny, Jevgeni, Jevgeny, Yevgeny, Yevgeni, Yevgeniy, in German often as Jewgenij or Jewgeni)
Scottish Gaelic Eoghann,[5] Ewan, Euan
Serbian Еуген (Eugen), Евгеније (Evgenije)
Sicilian Eugeniu
Slovak Eugen
Slovenian Eugen
Spanish Eugenio
Swedish Eugen
Syriac ܐܘܓܝܢ (Augin)
Ukrainian Євген (transliterated as Yevhen, Yevgen), Євгеній (Yevheniy, Yevgeniy, Ievheniy, Ievgeniy, Ievgenii)
Welsh Owain,[4][5] Owen,[4][5] Ouein,[4] Oen,[4] Ewein,[4] Ywein/Ywain,[4] Yuein,[4]

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  1. ^ εὐγενής, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, on Perseus
  2. ^ εὖ, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, on Perseus
  3. ^ γένος, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, on Perseus
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Morgan, T.J. and Morgan, Prys, Welsh Surnames, University of Wales, 1985, Owain (Owen, Bowen, Ednowain). According to T.J. Morgan in Welsh Surnames (page 172/173) Owen is a derivation of the Latin Eugenis “ > [Old Welsh] Ou(u)ein, Eug(u)ein … 'variously written in [Middle Welsh] as Ewein, Owein, Ywein. LL gives the names Euguen, Iguein, Yuein, Ouein. The corresponding form in Irish is Eoghan.” Morgan notes that there are less likely alternative explanations and agrees with Dr. Rachel Bromwich that Welsh Owein “is normally latinized as Eugenius," and both the Welsh and Irish forms are Latin derivatives. Additionally, another latinized variations of the name Owen is Audoenus in certain parish registers
  5. ^ a b c d Surnames of the United Kingdom, reprinted for Clearfield Company, INC by Genealogical Publishing Co. INC, Baltimore 1995, 1996. Entry notes that the most likely and widely accepted origin of Owen (Old Welsh Owain, Irish Gaelic Eoghan, and Scottish Gaelic Eoghann,) is from Latin Eugenius. “Cormic gives this origin for Eogan (one MS, Eogen); and Zimmer considers Owen to be borrowed from Latin Eugens, as noted by MacBain, p. 400. The mediaeval Latinization of Owen as Oenus led to a belief that the etymology was the Welsh and Breton oen ‘lamb’. With much stronger reason it was at one time considered that the name represented Irish eoghunn = Gael. Ogan- [f.Old Irish oc- Welsh og, young], ‘youth’.