Eugene (given name)

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Eugene
Pronunciation/jˈn/
GenderMale
Origin
Word/nameGreek
Meaning"noble", "well-born"
Other names
Nickname(s)Gene
Related namesOwen, Kevin

Eugene is a common masculine given name that comes from the Greek εὐγενής (eugenēs), "noble", literally "well-born",[1] from εὖ (eu), "well"[2] and γένος (genos), "race, stock, kin".[3] Gene is a common shortened form. The feminine variant is Eugenia or Eugenie.

Egon, a common given name in parts of central and northern Europe, is also a variant of Eugene / Eugine. Other male foreign-language variants include:

Albanian Eugjen, Eugjeni
Arpitan Eugêne, Genio
Asturian Euxeniu
Basque Euken(i)
Belarusian Jaŭhien (Яўген), Jaŭhienij (Яўгеній), Yauhen (Яўген)
Breton Ujan
Bulgarian Евгени (Evgeni)
Catalan Eugeni
Chinese 叶甫盖尼 (Mandarin – Yè Fǔ Gài Ní, from Slavic Languages), 尤金 (Mandarin – Yóu Jīn, from Latin languages+English), 欧根 (Mandarin – Ōu Gēn, from Germanic languages minus English)
Croatian Eugen
Czech Evžen
Dutch Eugeen
Esperanto Eŭgeno
Estonian Eugen
French Eugène, Yvain
Galician Uxío
German Eugen, Eugine
Greek Ευγένιος (Eugénios)
Hungarian Jenő, Eugén
Irish Eoghan/Eóghan,[4][5] (Eóġan pre 1948)
Italian Eugenio
Japanese ユージーン、ユージィン
Korean 유진 (宥眞/楢眞 romanized as Yujin or Yoojin)
Latin Eugenius
Latvian Eugenijs/Eižens, Jevgēņijs/Jevgeņijs/Jevgenijs
Lithuanian Eugenijus
Macedonian Евгениј (Evgenij, Yevgenij)
Occitan Eugèni
Piedmontese Genio
Polish Eugeniusz (Gienek)
Portuguese Eugênio (Brazil), Eugénio (Portugal)
Romanian Eugen, Eugeniu
Russian Евгений (transliterated as Evgeni, Evgeniy, Evgeny, Evgenii, Evgueni, Eugeny, Eugeniy, Ievgeny, Jevgeni, Jevgeny, Yevgeny, Yevgeni, Yevgeniy, in German often as Jewgenij or Jewgeni)
Scottish Gaelic Eoghann,[5] Ewan, Euan
Serbian Еуген (Eugen), Евгеније (Evgenije)
Sicilian Eugeniu
Slovak Eugen
Slovenian Evgen
Spanish Eugenio
Swedish Eugen
Syriac ܐܘܓܝܢ (Augin)
Turkish Erdoğan
Ukrainian Євген (national translit. Yevhen, also occur Ievhen, Yevgen, Ievgen), Євгеній (Yevhenii, also occur Yevgenii, Ievhenii, Ievgenii, Yevheniy, Yevgeniy, Ievheniy), Евген (Evhen), Ївген (Yivhen)
Welsh Owain,[4][5] Owen,[4][5] Ouein,[4] Oen,[4] Ewein,[4] Ywein/Ywain,[4] Yuein,[4]

Notable people[edit]

Christianity[edit]

Military[edit]

  • Prince Eugene of Savoy (1663–1736), Austrian general, statesman of the Holy Roman Empire and the Austrian monarchy
  • Eugène de Beauharnais (1781–1824), stepson and adopted child of Napoleon
  • Eugene A. Greene (1921–1942), American sailor, posthumous recipient of the Navy Cross
  • Eugene de Kock (born 1949), South African policeman serving a life sentence
  • Eugène Maizan (1819–1845), French Naval lieutenant and explorer
  • Eugene Sledge (1923–2001), American World War II Marine and academic
  • Eugene Stoner (1922–1997), American firearms designer, who designed M16 rifle

Television and films[edit]

Music[edit]

Literature[edit]

Art[edit]

Politics[edit]

Sports[edit]

Sciences[edit]

Others[edit]

Fictional characters[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ εὐγενής, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, on Perseus
  2. ^ εὖ, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, on Perseus
  3. ^ γένος, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, on Perseus
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Morgan, T.J. and Morgan, Prys, Welsh Surnames, University of Wales, 1985, Owain (Owen, Bowen, Ednowain). According to T.J. Morgan in Welsh Surnames (page 172/173) Owen is a derivation of the Latin Eugenis “ > [Old Welsh] Ou(u)ein, Eug(u)ein … 'variously written in [Middle Welsh] as Ewein, Owein, Ywein. LL gives the names Euguen, Iguein, Yuein, Ouein. The corresponding form in Irish is Eoghan.” Morgan notes that there are less likely alternative explanations and agrees with Dr. Rachel Bromwich that Welsh Owein “is normally latinized as Eugenius," and both the Welsh and Irish forms are Latin derivatives. Additionally, another latinized variations of the name Owen is Audoenus in certain parish registers
  5. ^ a b c d Surnames of the United Kingdom, reprinted for Clearfield Company, INC by Genealogical Publishing Co. INC, Baltimore 1995, 1996. Entry notes that the most likely and widely accepted origin of Owen (Old Welsh Owain, Irish Gaelic Eoghan, and Scottish Gaelic Eoghann,) is from Latin Eugenius. “Cormic gives this origin for Eogan (one MS, Eogen); and Zimmer considers Owen to be borrowed from Latin Eugens, as noted by MacBain, p. 400. The mediaeval Latinization of Owen as Oenus led to a belief that the etymology was the Welsh and Breton oen ‘lamb’. With much stronger reason it was at one time considered that the name represented Irish eoghunn = Gael. Ogan- [f.Old Irish oc- Welsh og, young], ‘youth’.