Eugene Braunwald

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Eugene Braunwald
Born Eugene Braunwald
(1929-08-15) August 15, 1929 (age 87)
Vienna, Austria
Nationality American
Fields Medical research,
Institutions National Institutes of Health
Alma mater New York University
Notable awards American College of Cardiology Distinguished Scientist Award (1986)

Nina Starr Braunwald (1952-1992, her death)

Elaine Braunwald (current)

Eugene Braunwald (born August 15, 1929 in Vienna, Austria) is an American cardiologist.

Early life[edit]

Braunwald was born to Jewish parents Wilhelm Braunwald and Clara Wallach in Vienna. Braunwald was inspired to pursue a career in cardiology after practicing in the Bellevue Cardiology Clinic, under Ludwig Eichna, during his time as a medical student at New York University.[1] He also attended several cardiology courses in Mexico City, at the National Institute of Cardiology (es). He always thought that the Mexican School of Cardiology was above any other. "We have the technology but they have the practice. The best book of cardiology is the patient itself," he always argued.[2]

In 1952, Braunwald married Nina Starr, a thoracic surgeon and medical researcher, with whom he had three children.[3] Nina Starr Braunwald died in 1992.[3] Several years later he married his second wife, Elaine, formerly a senior hospital administrator.[4]


After being at the National Institutes of Health, he was then recruited to the University of California, San Diego where from 1968-1972 he was the founding Chair of the Department of Medicine, bringing John Ross, Jr. with him to be the founding Chief of Cardiology. He has since been at the Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, in Boston, MA.


In 1966, he was awarded the Jacobi Medallion by the Mount Sinai Alumni (Mount Sinai Hospital) "for distinguished achievement in the field of medicine or extraordinary service to the Hospital, the School, or the Alumni."[5]

In 1986, he received the Distinguished Scientist Award from American College of Cardiology.[6]

In 2004, Braunwald became the inaugural winner of the Libin/AHFMR Prize for Excellence in Cardiovascular Research.[7]

In 2009, he was chairman of a policy group that severely limited outside pay for Harvard physicians.[8]

On May 5, 2010, he received an honorary degree from the University of Rochester. On October 26, 2013, he received a degree honoris causa from the University of Salerno, heir of the ancient Schola Medica Salernitana.[9]


Braunwald has over 1000 publications in peer-reviewed journals. His work has dramatically expanded knowledge of heart disease in the area of congestive heart failure, coronary artery disease, and valvular heart disease. He is the editor of the premier cardiology textbook, Braunwald's Heart Disease, which is now in its 10th edition.[10] Dr. Braunwald was instrumental in running the TIMI (Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction) studies, which developed the concepts of thrombosis superimposed on atherosclerosis as the pathological bases for acute myocardial infarction.


Braunwald's lab was the setting for the infamous case of John Darsee, wherein the former thought Darsee was brilliant. Young fellow researchers in the laboratory caught Darsee fabricating results. Braunwald denied knowledge of this academic misconduct despite two earlier accusations and his own internal investigation which found "no misleading information".[11]


  1. ^ Life and times of leading cardiologists
  2. ^ Interview, Clinical Chemistry
  3. ^ a b Braunwald, E (February 2001). "Nina Starr Braunwald: some reflections on the first woman heart surgeon.". The Annals of thoracic surgery. 71 (2 Suppl): S6–7. PMID 11235772. 
  4. ^ Vanderbilt education lens
  5. ^ The Mount Sinai Alumni
  6. ^ "ACC Distinguished Awards Program - American College of Cardiology". American College of Cardiology. Retrieved 2015-07-08. 
  7. ^ "Canadian Journal of Cardiology - Braunwald Libin/AHFMR Prize announcement". Retrieved December 23, 2008. 
  8. ^ Wilson, Duff (January 3, 2010). "Harvard Teaching Hospitals Cap Outside Pay". The New York Times. Retrieved May 2, 2010. 
  9. ^ Degree honoris causa from the University of Salerno Retrieved October 26, 2013
  10. ^ Libby, Peter; Bonnow, Robert; Mann, Douglas; Zipes, Douglas (2007). Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine. 
  11. ^ "Dishonesty in Medical Research" (PDF). 

External links[edit]