Eugene Cruft was born in London, son of John Cruft (1857-1937), principal viola in the Carl Rosa Opera Company. Eugene Cruft started in the London Symphony Orchestra in 1912, and was principal double-bass player in the BBC Symphony Orchestra 1929-1947, as well as in several other orchestras such as the Royal Opera House (Covent Garden) and the Bath Festival Orchestra.
Cruft, whose great influence as a teacher of his instrument is pointed out by Grove's music dictionary, taught as professor of double-bass at the Royal College of Music and at the National Youth Orchestra. He also published The Eugene Cruft School of Double-Bass Playing, in the introduction of which he wrote: 'We never hear anyone say "I like music, so I think I'll learn the double-bass" but there is really no reason why they should not.'
Cruft chaired the company running the Pro Arte Orchestra (and played in it) when it was founded in 1955. He was also responsible for the organization of the orchestras at the coronations of both George VI and Elizabeth II. He was made a MVO and an OBE.
Eugene Cruft's son Adrian Cruft was a notable composer, and another son, John Cruft, was an oboist who became the Secretary of the London Symphony Orchestra in 1949. John went on from running the LSO to become Music Director of the British Council from 1959 - 1964 when he joined the Arts Council of Great Britain as the Music Director, a position he retained until his retirement in 1981. A grandson, Benedict Cruft, is a violinist and was the Dean of the School of Music of the Hong Kong Academy for Performing Arts, whose tenure ended in July, 2013.
- Roderick Swanston, "The music of Adrian Cruft", The Musical Times, 1991, p. 119
- Anon., "Mr Eugene Cruft", The Times, Tuesday, Jun 08, 1976; pg. 16; Issue 59724; col F.
- Quoted by John Steer in his review of the book in The Musical Times 1967, p. 43.
- Potts, Joseph E., “Orchestral Profile – The Pro Arte Orchestra”, The Gramophone, October 1959, p163 (p33 in online version).
- Anon., "Mr Eugene Cruft", The Times, Tuesday, Jun 08, 1976; pg. 16; Issue 59724; col F. Letters from readers supplementing this obituary were published in The Times on Tuesday, June 15, 1976; pg. 16; Issue 59730; col F, and Thursday, June 17, 1976; pg. 20; Issue 59732; col F.
- Firbes, Watson & Slatford, Rodney, "Cruft, Eugene (John)", Grove Music Online, ed. L. Macy (Accessed 3 May 2006).
- Steer, John, "Cruft's School" (review of The Eugene Cruft School of Double-Bass Playing), The Musical Times 1967, p. 43.
- Swanston, Roderick, "The music of Adrian Cruft", The Musical Times, 1991, p. 119. (On his son Adrian Cruft.)