Eugenia reinwardtiana

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Eugenia reinwardtiana
Eugenia carissoides fruit1.JPG
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Myrtaceae
Genus: Eugenia
Species: E. reinwardtiana
Binomial name
Eugenia reinwardtiana
Synonyms[1]

Eugenia reinwardtiana (Chamorro: a'abang) is a shrub to small tree in the family Myrtaceae native to tropical forests in northern Queensland, Indonesia,[2] and the Pacific Islands. Common names include Cedar Bay cherry, mountain stopper,[3] and nioi (Hawaii).[4] They are typically 2 to 6 m (6.6 to 19.7 ft) in height.[5]

The tree is particularly prevalent around the Cedar Bay National Park in northern Australia and the edible fruit was especially popular with the hippies who lived there in the 1970s.

Uses[edit]

The tree is cultivated to a limited extent for its edible sweetish fruit that is often eaten out-of-hand, used to flavour drinks and candies, or as a preserve. The fruit is a source of antioxidants.[6]

The tree is well-suited to amenity horticulture in the tropics, and is grown in the median strips in Cairns. It is readily propagated from fresh seed.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved February 5, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Eugenia reinwardtiana". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 2009-11-10. 
  3. ^ "Eugenia reinwardtiana (Blume) DC". PLANTS Database. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2009-11-10. 
  4. ^ "nioi". Hawaiian Ethnobotany Online Database. Bernice P. Bishop Museum. Retrieved 2009-11-10. 
  5. ^ a b Wrigley, J.W., Fagg, M., Australian Native Plants, Collins, 1986, ISBN 0-00-216575-9
  6. ^ Sullivan, Rachel. "Rainforest Fruit Power". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Eugenia reinwardtiana at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Eugenia reinwardtiana at Wikispecies