Eugenio María de Hostos Airport
|Eugenio María de Hostos Airport|
|Owner||Puerto Rico Ports Authority|
|Serves||Mayaguez, Puerto Rico|
|Elevation AMSL||28 ft / 9 m|
Eugenio María de Hostos Airport (IATA: MAZ, ICAO: TJMZ, FAA LID: MAZ) is a small public use airport located three nautical miles (6 km) north of the central business district of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico. The airport is named after the celebrated Mayagüez native Eugenio Maria de Hostos. It offers limited, domestic commercial service, subsidized by the Essential Air Service program.
As per Federal Aviation Administration records, the airport had 4,636 passenger boardings (enplanements) in calendar year 2008, 4,386 enplanements in 2009, and 4,466 in 2010. The airport is included in the National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2011–2015, which categorized it as a non-primary commercial service airport (between 2,500 and 10,000 enplanements per year).
The airport was served heavily by the Puerto Rican national air carrier, Prinair, during the 1970s and early 1980s. It took the airport three years to get commercial service again once Prinair went bankrupt in 1984. American Eagle opened service from Luis Muñoz Marín International Airport in 1987, and Eastern Air Lines, not to be outdone by their rival American's feeder carrier, soon began services there too, with their own feeder airline, Eastern Metro Express.
Although the airport has always been a turbo-prop aircraft airport, Pan Am announced, in 2002, intentions to install jet flights between Mayagüez and Las Américas International Airport in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, with Boeing 727s. Those plans never became a reality, but in 2003, the airport gained international status, when Fina Air picked up the route to Santo Domingo. Fina Air has since gone out of business.
On November 8, 2004, American Eagle filed a 90-day notice of intent to the DOT to end service to Mayagüez on February 5, 2005 due to poor loads. MAZ is an Essential Air Service market therefore American Eagle's service was extended by the DOT until the newly selected carrier, Cape Air, began operations. American Eagle ended operations on April 30, 2005.
Facilities and aircraft
Eugenio María de Hostos Airport covers an area of 172 acres (70 ha) at an elevation of 28 feet (9 m) above mean sea level. It has one runway designated 9/27 with an asphalt surface measuring 4,998 by 100 feet (1,523 x 30 m).
For the 12-month period ending March 30, 2005, the airport had 17,900 aircraft operations, an average of 49 per day: 70% general aviation, 17% air taxi, 8% scheduled commercial, and 5% military. At that time there were 13 aircraft based at this airport: 23% single-engine, 38% multi-engine, 8% helicopter, and 31% ultralight.
Airline and destination
|Cape Air||San Juan|
Accidents and incidents
The airport has been involved in various air tragedies or incidents over its lifetime:
- American Eagle Flight 5452 crashed while landing on May 8, 1987, killing two and damaging the airport perimeter fence.
- On June 7, 1992, American Eagle Flight 5456, a CASA C-212 aircraft from San Juan crashed one mile short of runway 9, killing all five people on board.
- A 24-year-old pilot, Jose O. Torres Lopez, sustained an eye injury when his Piper Cub aircraft, carrying him and one passenger, was overthrown by wind after landing at the airport on Saturday, March 1, 2014. The airplane was also damaged. (in Spanish)
- FAA Airport Master Record for MAZ ( PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. Effective April 5, 2012.
- "Enplanements for CY 2008" (PDF, 1.0 MB). CY 2008 Passenger Boarding and All-Cargo Data. Federal Aviation Administration. December 18, 2009. External link in
- "Enplanements for CY 2010" (PDF, 189 KB). CY 2010 Passenger Boarding and All-Cargo Data. Federal Aviation Administration. October 4, 2011. External link in
- "2011–2015 NPIAS Report, Appendix A" (PDF). National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems. Federal Aviation Administration. October 4, 2010. Archived from the original (PDF, 2.03 MB) on 2012-09-27. External link in
- Cape Air: Puerto Rico
- Essential Air Service documents (Docket OST-2004-19622) from the U.S. Department of Transportation:
- 90-Day Notice (November 5, 2005): of Executive Airlines, Inc. d/b/a American Eagle of intent to terminate service at Mayaguez, P.R.
- Order 2004-12-19 (January 4, 2005): requests proposals for providing essential air service at Mayaguez, Puerto Rico, and/or Ponce, Puerto Rico, with or without subsidy requirements; prohibits Executive Airlines from suspending service at Mayaguez, at the end of its 90-day notice period and requires it to maintain 14 nonstop round trips a week between Mayaguez and San Juan, through March 7, 2005, or until a carrier capable of providing reliable essential air service actually begins service, whichever occurs first.
- Order 2005-3-2 (March 7, 2005): selecting Hyannis Air Service, Inc., d/b/a Cape Air to provide essential air service (EAS) at Mayaguez and Ponce, Puerto Rico, for the two-year period through April 30, 2007; establishing an annual subsidy rate of $688,551, beginning when the carrier inaugurates service at Mayaguez; and establishing an annual subsidy rate of $622,056 for service at Ponce, retroactive to January 1, 2005.
- Order 2007-4-18 (April 20, 2007): selecting Hyannis Air Service, Inc., d/b/a Cape Air to provide essential air service (EAS) at Mayaguez and Ponce, Puerto Rico, for the two-year period through April 30, 2007; establishing an annual subsidy rate of $688,551, beginning when the carrier inaugurates service at Mayaguez; and establishing an annual subsidy rate of $622,056 for service at Ponce, retroactive to January 1, 2005.
- Order 2009-3-1 (March 3, 2009): re-selecting Hyannis Air Service, Inc., d/b/a Cape Air, to continue to provide subsidized essential air service (EAS) at Mayaguez and Ponce, Puerto Rico, for the two-year period beginning May 1, 2009, at the annual subsidy rates of $980,980 for Mayaguez and $740,416 for Ponce.
- Order 2011-3-28 (March 22, 2011): re-selecting Hyannis Air Service Inc., operating as Cape Air, to provide essential air service (EAS) using 9-seat Cessna 402 aircraft at Mayaguez, Puerto Rico, for the five-year period beginning May 1, 2011, through April 30, 2016, for an annual subsidy of $1,198,824.
- (PDF), effective March 2, 2017
- FAA Terminal Procedures for MAZ, effective March 2, 2017
- Resources for this airport: