Eugenio Pérez

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Eugenio Pérez
8th Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Philippines
In office
May 25, 1946 – December 30, 1953
President Sergio Osmeña (1946)
Manuel Roxas (1946-1948)
Elpidio Quirino (1948-1953)
Preceded by Jose Zulueta
Succeeded by Jose Laurel, Jr.
Member of the Philippine House of Representatives from Pangasinan's 2nd District
In office
1928 – August 4, 1957
Preceded by Isidoro Siapno
Succeeded by Angel B. Fernández
Personal details
Born Eugenio Padlan Pérez
(1896-11-13)November 13, 1896
San Carlos, Pangasinan, Captaincy General of the Philippines
Died August 4, 1957(1957-08-04) (aged 60)
San Carlos, Pangasinan, Philippines
Nationality Filipino
Political party Nacionalista Party (until 1946)
Liberal Party (since 1946)
Alma mater University of the Philippines
Occupation lawyer

Eugenio Padlan Pérez (November 13, 1896 – August 4, 1957) was a Filipino politician who served as Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Philippines from 1946 to 1953. He was a member of the Liberal Party, whose president he served as during his term as Speaker.

Early life[edit]

Pérez was born in San Carlos, Pangasinan. He earned his Bachelor of Arts at the University of the Philippines and his law degree from that institution’s College of Law. While in law school, he worked as a clerk in the Bureau of Agriculture and the Executive Bureau.[1]

Political career[edit]

Pérez first entered politics in 1926 when he was elected to the municipal council of his hometown, San Carlos. In 1928, he was elected to the Philippine Legislature as a Representative of the Second District of Pangasinan. Pérez would be for eight consecutive terms.

In 1946, Pérez joined the newly established Liberal Party, which obtained a congressional majority in the House of Representatives in the 1946 general elections. He was elected Speaker of the House of Representatives when the 1st Congress of the Philippines convened later that year, and would serve as House Speaker throughout the 1st and 2nd Congresses.

Pérez was a leading congressional ally of Presidents Manuel Roxas and Elpidio Quirino, both of whom were Liberals. He helped secure the passage of the Bell Trade Act and the Parity Rights Amendment to the Constitution, allowing American citizens and corporations equal access to Philippine minerals, forests and other natural resources.[2] He defended the exercise of President Quirino of emergency powers granted to the President after the end of World War II. When Quirino grew increasingly unpopular, Pérez rejected pleas from fellow Members of Congress to challenge the incumbent President for the Liberal Party nomination in the 1953 presidential elections.[3] Perez managed the unsuccessful re-election campaign of Quirino in 1953.

The Liberal Party lost its congressional majority in the House of Representatives in the 1953 general elections. Pérez assumed the role of Minority Floor Leader, while he was succeeded as House Speaker by José Laurel, Jr. of the Nacionalista Party. Pérez died in office in August 1957.

Family[edit]

Eugenio Padlan Pérez bust-memorial (“Manong Eniong”), San Carlos, Pangasinan Plaza [1].
Speaker Perez Memorial Building

Pérez was married to a soprano, Consuelo Salazar with whom he had three legitimate children , Victoria , Consuelo and Eugenio Jr.

His first daughter, Victoria, was the first wife of Jose de Venecia,[4] who would become House Speaker thirty-five years after Pérez's death. His second daughter Consuelo is a lawyer and served as associate commissioner of the National Telecommunications Commission and commissioner of the CICT . His legitimate son Eugenio Perez Jr. is  a Dartmouth alumnus.


During his bachelorhood, he had an acknowledged natural child , José "Pepito"Pérez born December 3, 1929. During World War II while Japanese troops continued their ruthless occupation of Philippine territories, José hid in the jungle to avoid capture and abuse. In the weeks leading up to the Bataan Death March (1942); José led his aunt and a childhood friend into the jungle to live until it was safe to return home. José in his own words "when I was twelve, I had to hide my aunt from the Japanese or else they would rape her, me and my friend took rifles from dead Japanese soldiers then took her to the jungle to hide until it was safe to come out again". Inspired by his World War II experiences, José joined the United States Navy in 1946 at the age of seventeen.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Paras & La Vina, p. 99
  2. ^ Paras & La Vina, p. 100-101
  3. ^ Paras & La Vina, p. 100
  4. ^ Sheila Coronel (2007-03-14). "The Seven Ms of Dynasty Building". i-Report Online. Philippine Center for Investigative Journalism. Retrieved 2008-03-06. 

References[edit]

  • Corazon L. Paras; La Vina, Dean Karlo B. (1996). The Speakers of the Philippine Legislative Branch. House of Representatives of the Philippines. pp. 99–101. ISBN 971-92100-0-1. 
Political offices
Preceded by
José Zulueta
Speaker of the House of Representatives
1946–1953
Succeeded by
José Laurel, Jr.
House of Representatives of the Philippines
Preceded by
Isidoro Siapno
Representative, 2nd District of Pangasinan
1928–1957
Succeeded by
Angel B. Fernández