Euglossa

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Euglossa
Male Euglossa sp.jpg
Male of unidentified Euglossa species
A female Euglossa hyacinthina shaping resin along the rim of the growing nest envelope - JHR-029-015-g001D.jpeg
Female E. hyacinthina
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Clade: Euarthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Apidae
Tribe: Euglossini
Genus: Euglossa
Latreille, 1802
Diversity
> 110 species

Euglossa is a genus of orchid bees (Euglossini). Like all their close relatives, they are native to the Neotropics; an introduced population exists in Florida. They are typically bright metallic blue, green, coppery, or golden.

Euglossa intersecta (formerly known as E. brullei) is morphologically and chromatically atypical for the genus, and resembles the related Eufriesea in a number of characters including coloration.[1]

Distribution[edit]

Euglossa occurs naturally from Mexico to Paraguay, northern Argentina, western Brazil, and Jamaica,[2] but one species (E. viridissima) has recently been introduced to Florida in the United States [3]

Species[edit]

Eggs laid by a solitary bee in a gardening equipment: Wax can be seen in the edges.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Williams, Norris H. & Whitten, W. Mark (1983): Orchid floral fragrances and male euglossine bees: methods and advances in the last sesquidecade. Biol. Bull. 164: 355-395.
  2. ^ dos Anjos-Silva, Evandson J.; Camillo, Evandro & Garófalo, Carlos A. (2006): Occurrence of Aglae caerulea Lepeletier & Serville (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Euglossini) in the Parque Nacional da Chapada dos Guimarães, Mato Grosso State, Brazil. Neotrop. Entomol. 35(6) doi:10.1590/S1519-566X2006000600024
  3. ^ Skov, C.; Wiley, J. (2005). "Establishment of the Neotropical Orchid Bee Euglossa Viridissima (Hymenoptera: Apidae) in Florida". Florida Entomologist. 88 (2): 225. doi:10.1653/0015-4040(2005)088[0225:EOTNOB]2.0.CO;2. 
  4. ^ Nemésio, André (2012): Species of the Euglossa Latreille, 1802 (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Euglossina) belonging to the purpurea species group occurring in eastern Brazil, with description of Euglossa monnei sp.n. Zootaxa 3151: 35-52.
  5. ^ Nemésio, André (2011): Euglossa marianae sp. n. (Hymenoptera: Apidae): a new orchid bee from the Brazilian Atlantic Forest and the possible first documented local extinction of a forest-dependent orchid bee. Zootaxa 2892: 59-68.

Further reading[edit]

  • "Euglossa". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 12 June 2008. 
  • Nemésio, A., (2007): Three new species of Euglossa Latreille (Hymenoptera: Apidae) from Brazil. Zootaxa, vol. 1547, p. 21-31
  • Roubik, D. W. (1989): Ecology and natural history of tropical bees. New York: Cambridge Univ. Press.
  • Cameron, Sydney A.( 2004): Phylogeny and Biology of Neotropical Orchid Bees (Euglossini). Annual Review of Entomology 49: 377-404. doi:10.1146/annurev.ento.49.072103.115855

External links[edit]