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Euhadra quaesita.jpg
Euhadra quaesita
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Heterobranchia

clade Euthyneura
clade Panpulmonata
clade Eupulmonata
clade Stylommatophora
informal group Sigmurethra

Superfamily: Helicoidea
Family: Bradybaenidae
Genus: Euhadra
Pilsbry, 1890

Euhadra is a genus of air-breathing land snails, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusks in the family Bradybaenidae. (This snail genus was previously placed in the family Eulotidae).

A few of the species in this genus are unusual in that specimens in those species always have left-handed "sinistral" coiling in their shells, as shown in the specimen on the right. The rest of the species in the genus are right-handed or "dextral" in the shell coiling, as is usually the case in the great majority of gastropods.


These snails are almost endemic to Japan, but one of them are distributed in Korea.


There are 22 species in the genus. 17 species have a dextral shell and 5 species are sinistral.[1]

Dextral species[edit]

Dextral species in the genus Euhadra include:

Sinistral species[edit]

Sinistral species in the genus Euhadra include:


  1. ^ Davison A, Chiba S, Barton NH, Clarke B (2005). "Speciation and Gene Flow between Snails of Opposite Chirality". PLoS Biology. 3 (9, e282): e282. PMC 1182688Freely accessible. PMID 16149849. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0030282.  open access publication – free to read

Further reading[edit]

  • Ueshima R. & Asami T. (16 October 2003). "Evolution: Single-gene speciation by left–right reversal". Nature 425: 679. doi:10.1038/425679a
  • (Japanese) Kawana M. (2007). かたつむりの世界〈マイマイ属〉 The world of land snails (Euhadra) in Japan. Nagoya, Kinmirai-sha. 332 pp. ISBN 978-4-906431-25-0 (with English introduction)
  • Yamazaki N., Ueshima R., Terrett J. A., Yokobori S., Kaifu M., Segawa R., Kobayashi T., Numachi K., Ueda T., Nishikawa K., Watanabe K. & Thomas R. H. (1997). "Evolution of pulmonate gastropod mitochondrial genomes: comparisons of complete gene organizations of Euhadra, Cepaea and Albinaria and implications of unusual tRNA secondary structures". Genetics 145: 749-758.

External links[edit]