Orthochilus ecristatus

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Orthochilus ecristatus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Genus: Orthochilus
Species: O. ecristatus
Binomial name
Orthochilus ecristatus
(Fernald) Bytebier[1]
  • Cyrtopodium ecristatum Fernald[2]
  • Eulophia ecristata (Fernald) Ames
  • Triorchos ecristatus (Fernald) Small[3]
  • Pteroglossaspis ecristata (Fernald) Rolfe[4]
  • Cyrtopodium strictum Griseb.
  • Triorchos strictus (Griseb.) Acuña
  • Pteroglossaspis ecristata f. purpurea P.M.Br.

Orthochilus ecristatus, the giant orchid,[6] is a terrestrial species of orchid native to Cuba and to the southeastern United States (from Louisiana to North Carolina).[5][7][8] It was previously known as Eulophia ecristata or Pteroglossaspis ecristata until recently transferred to the genus Orthochilus.[1]


  1. ^ a b Martos, F.; Johnson, S.D.; Peter, C.I.; Bytebier, B. (2014). "A molecular phylogeny reveals paraphyly of the large genus Eulophia (Orchidaceae): A case for the reinstatement of Orthochilus". Taxon. 63 (1): 9–23. doi:10.12705/631.6. 
  2. ^ Fernald, M. L. (1897). "Notes on Florida Plants". Briefer Articles. Botanical Gazette. 24 (6): 433. doi:10.1086/327614. JSTOR 2464329Freely accessible. BHL page 29827222. 
  3. ^ Small, John Kunkel (1903). Flora of the Southeastern United States. New York. p. 329. 
  4. ^ Rolfe, R. A. (1904). "Pteroglossaspis ecrisata". The Orchid Review. 12 (137): 136. BHL page 43381905. 
  5. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Eulophia ecristata
  6. ^ "Pteroglossaspis ecristata". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 15 October 2015. 
  7. ^ Flora of North America v 26 p 641, Pteroglossaspis ecristata (Fernald) Rolfe, Orchid Rev. 12: 136. 1904.
  8. ^ Biota of North America Program, county distribution map, Eulophia ecristata

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