|Atlantic blue crab, Callinectes sapidus|
Eumalacostraca is a subclass of crustaceans, containing almost all living malacostracans, or about 40,000 described species. The remaining subclasses are the Phyllocarida and possibly the Hoplocarida. Eumalacostracans have 19 segments (5 cephalic, 8 thoracic and 6 abdominal). This arrangement is known as the "caridoid facies", a term coined by William Thomas Calman in 1909. The thoracic limbs are jointed and used for swimming or walking. The common ancestor is thought to have had a carapace, and most living species possess one, but it has been lost in some subgroups.
Calman identified the following features as distinguishing eumalacostracan crustaceans:
"Carapace enveloping the thoracic region; movably stalked eyes; biramous first antenna; scale-like exopod on the second antenna; natatory exopods on the thoracic limbs; elongate, ventrally flexible abdomen; tail fan formed by the lamellar rami of the uropods on either side of the telson."
Martin and Davis present the following classification of living eumalacostracans into orders, to which extinct orders have been added, indicated by †.
The group as originally described by Karl Grobben included the Stomatopoda (mantis shrimp), and some modern experts continue to use this definition. This article follows Martin and Davis in excluding them; they are placed in their own subclass, Hoplocarida.
Subclass Eumalacostraca Grobben, 1892
- Superorder Syncarida Packard, 1885
- Superorder Peracarida Calman, 1904
- Order Spelaeogriphacea Gordon, 1957
- Order Thermosbaenacea Monod, 1927
- Order Lophogastrida Sars, 1870
- Order Mysida Haworth, 1825
- Order Mictacea Bowman, Garner, Hessler, Iliffe & Sanders, 1985
- Order Amphipoda Latreille, 1816
- Order Isopoda Latreille, 1817
- Order Tanaidacea Dana, 1849
- Order Cumacea Krøyer, 1846
- Superorder Eucarida Calman, 1904
|Wikispecies has information related to: Eumalacostraca|
- Gary C. B. Poore (2002). "Introduction". Crustacea: Malacostraca. Zoological catalogue of Australia. 19.2A. CSIRO Publishing. pp. 1–7. ISBN 978-0-643-06901-5.
- J. W. Martin & G. E. Davis (2001). An Updated Classification of the Recent Crustacea (PDF). Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County. pp. 132 pp.
- Hessler, Robert R. (1983). "A defense of the caridoid facies; wherein the early evolution of the eumalacostraca is discussed". In Schram, Frederick R. Crustacean Phylogeny (PDF). Rotterdam: A.A. Balkema. ISBN 90-6191-231-8.
- C. Grobben (1892). "Zur Kenntnis des Stammbaumes und des Systems der Crustaceen". Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna. Mathematisch-naturwissenschaftliche Classe. 101: 237–274.