Eumelus of Corinth
Eumelus of Corinth (Greek: Εὔμελος ὁ Κορίνθιος Eumelos ho Korinthios), of the clan of the Bacchiadae, is a semi-legendary early Greek poet to whom were attributed several epic poems as well as a celebrated prosodion, the treasured processional anthem of Messenian independence that was performed on Delos. One small fragment of it survives in a quote by Pausanias. To Eumelus was also attributed authorship of several antiquarian epics composed in the Corinthian-Sicyonian cultural sphere, notably Corinthiaca, an epic narrating the legends and early history of his home city Corinth. The Corinthiaca is now lost, but a written version of it was used by Pausanias in his survey of the antiquities of Corinth.
The epics Europia, Bougonia (perhaps the same as Europia), Titanomachy and Return from Troy (one of the Nostoi) were also ascribed to Eumelus by various later authors. Eumelus was traditionally dated between 760 and 740 BC. According to Martin West the epics appear to have been composed in the late seventh or sixth century BC, later than the date traditionally ascribed to Eumelus in the Greek chronographic tradition used, for instance, by Eusebius of Caesarea.
- Pausanias, 4.33.2. Poetae Melici Graeci 696. It was Pausanias' opinion that this was his only authentic work.
- Pausanias (2.1.1) gives his father's name as Amphilytus.
- M.L. West, "Eumelos: A Corinthian Epic Cycle?" The Journal of Hellenic Studies 122 (2002), pp. 109–133. West, reviewing the evidence concerning the epic fragments, suggests that Eumelos was the only historical name available.
- Eusebius dates Eumelus as contemporaneous with Archias, his fellow-Bacchiad, who founded Syracuse, about 734BC (West 2002:109 and note 3).
- Greek Epic Fragments, ed. and tr. Martin L. West (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2003), pp. 220–251.
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