Eumeralla Formation

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Eumeralla Formation
Stratigraphic range: Early Albian[1]
Type Geological formation
Location
Region  Victoria
Country  Australia

The Eumeralla Formation is a geological formation in Victoria, Australia whose strata date back to the Early Cretaceous. Dinosaur remains are among the fossils that have been recovered from the formation.[1]

Dinosaurs[edit]

Indeterminate dinosaur tracks as well as indeterminate ornithischian tracks are present in Victoria, Australia.[1] Indeterminate euornithopod remains present in Victoria, Australia.[1] Indeterminate theropod, ornithomimmosaur, and possible indeterminate oviraptorosaur and dromaeosaurid remains present in Victoria, Australia.[1]

Dinosaurs of the Eumeralla Formation
Genus Species Presence Notes Images

Atlascopcosaurus[1]

A. loadsi[1]

Geographically present in Victoria, Australia.[1]

"Maxilla [and] teeth."[2]

Leaellynasaura[1]

L. amicagraphica[1]

Geographically present in Victoria, Australia.[1]

"Skull fragments teeth, [and] isolated postcrania."[3]

Timimus[1]

T. hermani[1]

Geographically present in Victoria, Australia.[1]

Later determined to be indeterminate ornithomimmosaur remains.[1] "Tibiae [and] vertebrae."[4]

Aves indet.[5]

No formal name.

Possibly from a species also found at the Wonthaggi Formation (single furcula).

Footprints belonging to a crane-sized bird, determined to be an ornithurine or enantiornithe.

Megaraptora indet.[6]

No formal name

Known from a hand

Related to the South American Megaraptor.

Baryonychinae indet.[7]

No formal name

Known from a single cervical vertebra.

Related to the European Baryonyx.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Weishampel, David B; et al. (2004). "Dinosaur distribution (Early Cretaceous, Australasia)." In: Weishampel, David B.; Dodson, Peter; and Osmólska, Halszka (eds.): The Dinosauria, 2nd, Berkeley: University of California Press. Pp. 573-574. ISBN 0-520-24209-2.
  2. ^ "Table 18.1," in Weishampel, et al. (2004). Page 394.
  3. ^ "Table 18.1," in Weishampel, et al. (2004). Page 395.
  4. ^ "Table 6.1," in Weishampel, et al. (2004). Page 139.
  5. ^ Martin, Anthony J.; Vickers-Rich, Patricia; Rich, Thomas H.; Hall, Michael (2013). "Oldest known avian footprints from Australia: Eumeralla Formation (Albian), Dinosaur Cove, Victoria". Palaeontology. 57: 7–19. doi:10.1111/pala.12082. 
  6. ^ Owen, James. "New Dinosaur May Link S. American, Aussie Dinos". National Geographic News. Retrieved July 12, 2016. 
  7. ^ Barrett, Paul (June 21, 2011). "First spinosaurid from Australia and the cosmopolitanism of Cretaceous dinosaur faunas". Biology Letters. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2011.0466. Retrieved July 12, 2016.