Eumeralla Wars

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Eumeralla Wars
Deen Maar, south-west Victoria
Result European occupation of the district
European settlers Gunditjmara people
Commanders and leaders

The Eumeralla Wars were the violent encounters between European settlers and Gunditjmara aboriginals in south west Victoria.[1]

Named after stations on the Eumeralla River between Port Fairy and Portland where much of the conflict was located.

The wars lasted a number of years and conflict was so violent that the Native Police Corps were deployed from Melbourne to assist. Many hundreds of Aboriginal people were killed.[2]

To the Eumeralla wars, Rolf Boldrewood noted of the local settlers:

"We were all pretty good shots. For one reason or other the gun was rarely a day out of our hands. We were therefore in a position to do battle effectively for our homesteads and means of subsistence if these were assailed".[3]

The remains of people involved in the conflict are at the Deen Maar Indigenous Protected Area.[4]

External links[edit]

Rolf Boldrewood wrote a chapter about the war in his book Old Melbourne Memories (1896).[5]


  1. ^ "A forgotten war, a haunted land", Sydney Morning Herald 10 August 2013 accessed 30 March 2014
  2. ^ User, Super. "Indigenous beginnings". Retrieved 6 November 2018.
  3. ^ Rolf Boldrewood (1896), Old Melbourne memories (2d ed., rev ed.), London, New York Macmillan and Co, retrieved 29 December 2018
  4. ^ "Deen Maar Indigenous Protected Area", Department of the Environment accessed 30 March 2014
  5. ^ Full copy of Old Melbourne Memories at Internet Archive