Eupatorium sessilifolium

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Upland boneset

Secure (NatureServe)[1]
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Eupatorium
Species:
E. sessilifolium
Binomial name
Eupatorium sessilifolium
Synonyms[2]
  • Eupatorium truncatum Mühlenb. ex Elliott
  • Eupatorium vaseyi Porter
  • Uncasia sessilifolia (L.) Greene

Eupatorium sessilifolium, commonly called upland boneset or sessile-leaved boneset, is a North American plant species in the sunflower family. It is native to the eastern and central United States, found from Maine south to North Carolina and Alabama, and west as far as Arkansas, Kansas, and Minnesota.[3]

Description[edit]

Eupatorium sessilifolium is a perennial herb with stems that are sometimes more than 100 centimeters (40 inches) tall. They are produced from a woody underground caudice or short rhizome. The top of the stems, where the branching begins to the flower heads, have short hairs, while the lower part of the stems have no hairs. The leaves are arranged in opposite pairs and are toothed. The leaf bases are rounded and the leaves are sessile (lacking stalks), but they do not clasp around the stem. The foliage is dotted with glands. Eupatorium sessilifolium blooms in August and September (July in the southern part of its range), and the small inflorescences are branched and composed of widely spaced, tiny white flower heads in corymbiform (flat topped) arrays. The heads typically have five or six disc florets per head, but no ray florets.[4][5]

Upland boneset is a threatened species in Michigan, and legally protected in that state.[6]

Hybrids[edit]

As is common in Eupatorium, E. sessilifolium can form hybrids with other species in the genus. In particular, Eupatorium godfreyanum is a hybrid of E. sessilifolium and Eupatorium rotundifolium (although it reproduces by apomixis and thus can be found outside the range of the two parent species).[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Eupatorium sessilifolium". NatureServe Explorer. NatureServe. Retrieved 2010-09-12.
  2. ^ The Plant List, Eupatorium sessilifolium L.
  3. ^ Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-07-02. Retrieved 2008-09-20.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ "Eupatorium". Flora of North America.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-01-05. Retrieved 2008-09-20.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ Kunsiri Chaw Siripun and Edward E. Schilling (2006). "Molecular confirmation of the hybrid origin of Eupatorium godfreyanum (Asteraceae)". American Journal of Botany. 93 (2): 319–325. doi:10.3732/ajb.93.2.319. PMID 21646192.

External links[edit]