Euphorbia amygdaloides

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Euphorbia amygdaloides
Amandelwolfsmelk Euphorbia amygdaloides closeup.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Tribe: Euphorbieae
Subtribe: Euphorbiinae
Genus: Euphorbia
Species: E. amygdaloides
Binomial name
Euphorbia amygdaloides

Euphorbia amygdaloides (wood spurge) is a species of flowering plant in the family Euphorbiaceae, native to woodland locations in Europe, Turkey and the Caucasus. It is a bushy evergreen perennial, growing to a height of 80 cm (31 in), with dark green slightly hairy leaves about 6 cm (2 in) long. The complex green-yellow inflorescence (cyathium), typical of Euphorbia, appears in late spring and early summer.[1]

It is among the few plants that thrive in the dry shade of trees, where it is used as groundcover. It spreads rapidly by underground rhizomes and can become invasive, though relatively easy to remove.[1]

One form known is Euphorbia ‘Efanthia’.[2] The subspecies E. amygdaloides subsp. robbiae (Turrill) Stace, known as Mrs Robb's bonnet, is grown as a garden plant, and has gained the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit.[3][4]

The milky latex of the plant is toxic and can cause irritation on contact with the skin.


  1. ^ a b RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964. 
  2. ^ "Euphorbia 'Efanthia'". Retrieved 29 January 2017. 
  3. ^ "Euphorbia amygdaloides var. robbiae, Mrs Robb's bonnet". Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  4. ^ "AGM Plants - Ornamental" (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 38. Retrieved 26 February 2018.