Euphorbia grantii

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

African milk bush
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Genus: Euphorbia
E. grantii
Binomial name
Euphorbia grantii

Euphorbia grantii (syn.) Synadenium grantii) is a species of succulent plant in the family Euphorbiaceae, which is native to Africa.


The specific epithet grantii is in honour of the Scottish explorer James Augustus Grant.[2] It was originally described by Daniel Oliver in 1875.[3] The plant has the common name of African milk bush. The synonym Synadenium grantii is in circulation, too.


The plant is native in the African tropics, in particular in Malawi, Kenya and Uganda.[4] It grows at altitudes of 500–2100 meters. It has been introduced in many other tropical regions.


It is often grown as a hedge plant and as a traditional grave marker among the peoples of central Kenya (Agĩkũyũ, Akamba, etc.).[5]

In 1952 during the Mau Mau Uprising, the poisonous latex of the plant was used to kill cattle.[6]



  1. ^ The Plant List (2013). Version 1.1. Published on the Internet; Archived 17 March 2019 at the Wayback Machine (accessed 28 September 2017).
  2. ^ Oliver, Daniel. 1875. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, 29(3): 144.
  3. ^ "Euphorbia grantii". International Plant Names Index (IPNI). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew; Harvard University Herbaria & Libraries; Australian National Botanic Gardens. Retrieved 12 July 2010.
  4. ^ Synadenium grantii Hook.f., The Encyclopedia of Succulents. Archived 6 June 2019 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ (Book) Trees of Kenya, by Tim C. Noad and Ann Birnie, p.109, Self-Published in Nairobi, Kenya 1989
  6. ^ Bernard Verdourt, E.C. Trump and M.E. Church (1969). Common poisonous plants of East Africa. London: Collins. p. 254.

External links[edit]