Euphorbia mellifera

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Euphorbia mellifera
Euphorbia mellifera.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Genus: Euphorbia
Species: E. mellifera
Binomial name
Euphorbia mellifera
  • Euphorbia longifolia Lam.
  • Euphorbia longifolia var. canariensis (Boiss.) Oudejans
  • Euphorbia mellifera var. canariensis Boiss.
  • Kobiosis mellifera (Aiton) Raf.
  • Tithymalus melliferus (Aiton) Moench

Euphorbia mellifera (canary spurge,[1] honey spurge[2]) is a species of flowering plant in the spurge family Euphorbiaceae, native to Madeira and the Canary islands.[3][4]:207It is an evergreen shrub growing to 2 m (6 ft 7 in) or more, with narrow leaves up to 20 cm (8 in) long. In spring it produces brown, honey-scented flowers.[5]

The Latin specific epithet mellifera means "producing honey".[6]

It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[7]

Like all euphorbias, this plant contains a milky-white sap, which oozes out of the stems when cut. This can be a skin irritant and is very harmful to the eyes. Gloves should be worn when pruning,


  1. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  2. ^ Euphorbia mellifera in BoDD – Botanical Dermatology Database
  3. ^ "Flora de Canarias: Euphorbia_mellifera". Retrieved 5 March 2017. 
  4. ^ Bramwell, D.; Bramwell, Z. (2001). Wild flowers of the Canary Islands. Madrid, Spain: Editorial Rueda. ISBN 84-7207-129-4. 
  5. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964. 
  6. ^ Harrison, Lorraine (2012). RHS Latin for gardeners. United Kingdom: Mitchell Beazley. p. 224. ISBN 9781845337315. 
  7. ^ "Euphorbia mellifera". Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 26 July 2013.