|Founded||University of South Carolina, (Columbia, South Carolina)|
The Euphradian Society, also known as ΦAΕ (Phi Alpha Epsilon), is a literary society founded in 1806 at the University of South Carolina, then known as South Carolina College, as a result of the splitting in two of the Philomathic Society, which had been formed within weeks of the opening of the college in 1805 and included virtually all enrolled students. At what was called the Synapian Convention held in February, 1806, the members of Philomathic decided to split into separate societies, one of which became known as Euphradian, while the other became known as Clariosophic. Two blood brothers picked the members for the new groups in a manner similar to choosing up sides for an impromptu baseball game. William Harper became the first president of the Euphradian Society. The society traditionally convened in its historic hall (now called the L. Marion Gressette Euphradian Society Hall) in Harper College on the university's historic horseshoe.
Notable 19th-century members
Notable members of the 19th Century include:.
- Edward Porter Alexander CSA General, Professor at SCC (Honorary Member)
- Robert W. Barnwell, President of South Carolina College, US Senator from SC & Confederate Senator from SC
- Preston Brooks, US Congressman from SC
- John Campbell (1795–1845), US Congressman from SC
- Robert B. Campbell, US Congressman from SC
- John W. Carter, US Congressman from SC
- John C. Calhoun, US Senator and 7th Vice-President of the United States (Honorary Member)
- Thomas Cooper, Pres. of SCC (Honorary Member)
- James Wood Davidson, South Carolina author
- Jefferson Davis, U.S. Senator, President of the Confederate States of America
- Jonathan R. Davis, captain in the Mexican–American War and famous gold rush prospector
- Warren R. Davis, US Congressman from SC
- Edwin de Leon, Confederate Diplomat
- Robert E. Lee, Confederate General (Honorary Member)
- William Harper, U.S. Senator from S.C.
- James Henry Hammond, Governor of S.C. and U.S. Senator
- Henry Washington Hilliard, US Congressman from AL
- Marquis De Lafayette, French Aristocrat, Hero of the American Revolution (Honorary Member)
- Francis Lieber, Political Scientist (Honorary Member)
- Fitz William McMaster, Col. CSA & CO of 17th SC Infantry at Antietam; reactivated Euphradian Society in 1882; Mayor of Columbia
- Dandridge McRae, Brig. General in Confederate Army
- Stephen Decatur Miller, US Congressman from SC, Governor of S.C. and U.S. Senator
- William C. Preston, US Senator from SC
- John Peter Richardson II, Governor of SC
- James Henley Thornwell, Pres. of South Carolina College and leader of Presbyterian Church in the Confederate States of America; Thornwell's son was also a president of the Society
- William Henry Wallace, Confederate Brigadier General and State Legislator
- Fountain Winston, governor of Mississippi
Notable 20th-century members
- Solomon Blatt, Sr., South Carolina legislator
- Solomon Blatt, Jr., South Carolina jurist
- Michael R. Daniel, former Lieutenant Governor of South Carolina
- L. Marion Gressette, State Senator and namesake of the Society's restored Hall
- Robert W. Hemphill, federal judge and US Congressman (D-SC)
- C. Bruce Littlejohn, former Associate Justice and Chief Justice of the South Carolina Supreme Court
- Ernest Hollings, US Senator (honorary member)
- James Clinkscales Hill, federal judge
- Edward C. Mann, US Congressman (D-SC)
- James Robert Mann, US Congressman (D-SC)
- Robert Evander McNair, SC Governor
- Kenneth Lamar Holland, US Congressman (D-SC)
- Steve A. Matthews, American jurist
||Constructs such as ibid., loc. cit. and idem are discouraged by Wikipedia's style guide for footnotes, as they are easily broken. Please improve this article by replacing them with named references (quick guide), or an abbreviated title. (July 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
- La Borde, Maximilian (1859). History of South Carolina College. Columbia, SC: R.L. Bryan. p. 427.
- Hollis, Daniel Walker, University of South Carolina, Vol. I: South Carolina College, Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1951, pp.230-231.,
- South Carolina College: Euphradian Society, Catalogue of Members in 1842, Lanham Digital Library of Hill Country History at Logan Library at Schreiner University
- Lee, Robert E. Robert E. Lee Papers, 1845. Archival material.
- "Hollings to Become Euphradian Society Honorary Member" (PDF). The Gamecock (Vol. XLVIII, No. 21). March 25, 1955. Retrieved 6 July 2014.
- Grose, Philip (2006). South Carolina at the Brink: Robert McNair and the Politics of Civil Rights. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press. p. 50.