Euphratensis

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Provincia Augusta Euphratensis
ἐπαρχία Εὑφρατησίας
Province of the Byzantine Empire
c. 341–7th Century
Location of Euphratensis
Diocese of Orient circa 400, showing Euphratensis
Capital Cyrrus or Hierapolis Bambyce
Historical era Late Antiquity
 •  Established c. 341
 •  Division of the empire by Theodosius I 395
 •  Muslim conquest of the Levant 7th Century
Today part of  Syria
 Turkey

Euphratensis (Latin for "Euphratean"; Greek: Εὑφρατησία, Euphratēsía), fully Augusta Euphratensis, was a late Roman and then Byzantine province in Syrian region, part of the Byzantine Diocese of the East.

History[edit]

Sometime between 330 and 350 (likely c. 341), the Roman province of Euphratensis was created out of the territory of Syria Coele along the western bank of the Euphrates.[1] It included the territories of Commagene and Cyrrhestice. Its capital was Cyrrus[2] or perhaps Hierapolis Bambyce.[1] It remained within the Byzantine Empire following the 395 division of the empire by Theodosius I.

Episcopal sees[edit]

Ancient episcopal sees of the Roman province of Syria Euphratensis Prima listed in the Annuario Pontificio as titular sees:[3]

Ancient episcopal sees of the Roman province of Syria Euphratensis Secunda listed in the Annuario Pontificio as titular sees:[3]

  • Agrippias (ruins of Saliliyé)
  • Orisa (Tayibe)
  • Sergiopolis, the Metropolitan Archbishopric
  • Serigene (Isriyë)
  • Zenobias (ruins of Halabiyé)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kazhdan, Alexander (Ed.) (1991). Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium. Oxford University Press. p. 748. ISBN 978-0-19-504652-6. 
  2. ^ Edmund Spenser Bouchier, Syria as a Roman Province, 1916, p. 155
  3. ^ a b Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), "Sedi titolari", pp. 819-1013