Euphronia

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Euphronia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Euphroniaceae
Marc.-Berti
Genus: Euphronia
Mart. & Zucc.
Species

Euphronia is a genus of three species[1] of shrubs native to northern South America and is the only genus in the family Euphroniaceae. It was previously classified in the Vochysiaceae family and elsewhere, but the APG III system of 2009 recognizes Euphroniaceae and places Euphronia in it.[2] The genus was originally described by Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius and Joseph Gerhard Zuccarini in 1824 when they described Euphronia hirtelloides as a new species.[3][4] In 1918, the German botanist Johannes Gottfried Hallier reclassified what was then known as Lightia guianensis as a species in this genus: Euphronia guianensis.[5] And in 1987, the American botanist Julian Alfred Steyermark described the third species, Euphronia acuminatissima. It was proposed in 1989 that the family Euphroniaceae be erected to contain the genus because it was sufficiently different from other related genera. An analysis of the molecular phylogenetics of these related genera and families in 1998 supported the decision to retain the genus within a monotypic family.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Christenhusz, M. J. M. & Byng, J. W. (2016). "The number of known plants species in the world and its annual increase". Phytotaxa. Magnolia Press. 261 (3): 201–217. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.261.3.1. 
  2. ^ Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009), "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III", Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 161 (2): 105–121, doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x, retrieved 2011-02-23 
  3. ^ International Organization for Plant Information (IOPI). "Plant Name Search Results" (HTML). International Plant Names Index. Retrieved 2011-02-23. 
  4. ^ International Organization for Plant Information (IOPI). "Plant Name Search Results" (HTML). International Plant Names Index. Retrieved 2011-02-23. 
  5. ^ International Organization for Plant Information (IOPI). "Plant Name Search Results" (HTML). International Plant Names Index. Retrieved 2011-02-23. 
  6. ^ Litt, A., and M.W. Chase. 1998. The systematic position of Euphronia, with comments on the position of Balanops: an analysis based on rbcL sequence data. Systematic Botany 23(4): 401-409.