Euphrosyne of Kiev
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|Euphrosyne of Kiev|
|Queen consort of Hungary|
|Predecessor||Helena of Raška|
|Successor||Yaroslavna of Halych|
|Spouse||Géza II of Hungary|
|Issue||Stephen III of Hungary
Béla III of Hungary
Elisabeth, Duchess of Bohemia
Odola, Duchess of Bohemia
Helena, Duchess of Austria
|House||Rurik dynasty (by birth)
House of Árpád (by marriage)
|Father||Mstislav I of Kiev|
During her husband's reign Euphrosyne did not intervene in the politics of the kingdom, but after his death on 31 May 1162, her influence strengthened over their son, King Stephen III. The young king had to struggle against his uncles Ladislaus and Stephen to save his throne, and Euphrosyne took an active part in the struggles. She persuaded King Vladislaus II of Bohemia to give military assistance to her son against the invasion of the Emperor Manuel I Komnenos.
Euphrosyne's favourite son was the youngest, Duke Géza of Hungary. When King Stephen III died on 4 March 1172, she was planning to ensure his succession against her older son, Béla, who had been living in the court of the Emperor Manuel I Komnenos. However, Béla came back, and he was crowned on 13 January 1173, although the Archbishop Lukács of Esztergom denied his coronation. Shortly after, King Béla III arrested his brother, which increased the tension between Euphrosyne and her son. Duke Géza soon managed to escape, probably with Euphrosyne's help, but in 1177 he was again arrested.
In 1186, Euphrosyne tried to release her younger son again, but she failed. King Béla III ordered the arrest of Euphrosyne and kept her confined in the fortress of Barancs (Serbian: Braničevo). Shortly after, Euphrosyne was set free, but she was obliged to leave the kingdom for Constantinople. From Constantinople she moved to Jerusalem where she lived as a nun in the convent of the Hospitallers, and then in the Basilian monastery of Saint Sabbas.
Marriage and issue
In 1146, Euphrosyne married King Géza II of Hungary (1130 – 31 May 1162). They had the following children:
- King Stephen III of Hungary (1147 – 4 March 1172); married, firstly, Yaroslavna of Halych, no issue; married, secondly, Agnes of Austria (1154–1182), had issue.
- King Béla III of Hungary (1148 – 23 April 1196); married, firstly, Agnes of Antioch, had issue; married, secondly, Margaret of France, widow of Henry the Young King, no issue.
- Elisabeth (c. 1149 – after 1189); married Frederick of Bohemia and had issue.
- Géza (c. 1151 – before 1210).
- Árpád, died in infancy.
- Odola (c. 1156 – 1199); married Sviatopluk of Bohemia.
- Helena (c. 1158 – 25 May 1199); married Leopold V, Duke of Austria and had issue.
- Margaret (posthumously, 1162 – bef. 1208), married firstly Isaac Dukas "Makrodukas" and secondly Andrew, Ispán of Somogy.
Euphrosyne is an ancestress of Edward III of England and hence the ancestor of all subsequent English and British monarchs. She is also part of a link connecting the line of Harold Godwinson and the modern line of British monarchs.
- Jirí Louda and Michael MacLagan, Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe, 2nd edition (London, U.K.: Little, Brown and Company, 1999), table 89.
- Soltész, István: Árpád-házi királynék (Gabo, 1999)
- Kristó, Gyula - Makk, Ferenc: Az Árpád-ház uralkodói (IPC Könyvek, 1996)
- Encyclopædia Britannica (Subscription required)
- Geza II of Hungary (not in English)
Euphrosyne of KievBorn: c. 1130 Died: c. 1193
Helena of Raška
|Queen consort of Hungary
Yaroslavna of Halych