Euproctus

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Euproctus
Korsischer Gebirgsmolch.jpg
Euproctus montanus
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Urodela
Family: Salamandridae
Subfamily: Pleurodelinae
Genus: Euproctus
Gené, 1838
Type species
Euproctus rusconii
Gené, 1838
Diversity
2 species (see text)

Euproctus, the European mountain salamanders, is a genus of salamanders in the Salamandridae family from Sardinia and Corsica.[1]

Species[edit]

There are two species:[1][2]

Pyrenean Brook Salamander used to be included in this genus as Euproctus asper, but was moved to Calotriton in 2005.[3][4] Its superficial similarity with Euproctus likely represents convergent evolution: strongly depressed head and body, and reduction or even absence of lungs, are adaptations to fast-running, well-oxygenated mountain streams.[4]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Euproctus at Wikimedia Commons

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Frost, Darrel R. (2014). "Euproctus Gené, 1838". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 9 March 2015. 
  2. ^ "Salamandridae". AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation. [web application]. Berkeley, California: AmphibiaWeb. 2015. Retrieved 9 March 2015. 
  3. ^ Frost, Darrel R. (2014). "Calotriton Gray, 1858". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 9 March 2015. 
  4. ^ a b Carranza, S.; Amat, F. (2005). "Taxonomy, biogeography and evolution of Euproctus (Amphibia: Salamandridae), with the resurrection of the genus Calotriton and the description of a new endemic species from the Iberian Peninsula". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 145 (4): 555–582. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.2005.00197.x.