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The Eurail Pass, formerly known as "Europass" or "Eurorail pass", launched in 1959, is a train pass that allows pass holders to travel in up to 31 European countries on nearly all European railroads and some shipping lines. The company responsible for the marketing and management of the Eurail Passes is Eurail Group. Eurail Group is based in Utrecht, the Netherlands, and is wholly owned by more than 35 European railway and shipping companies. The Eurail Pass is available to all non-Europeans, whereas European residents travel with an Interrail pass.
- 1 Eurail Pass Eligibility
- 2 Traveler Categories
- 3 Pass Type
- 4 Seat Reservations on High Speed, Overnight, and other Trains
- 5 History
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Eurail passes, also called Interrail, are available to citizens and official residents of countries in the European Union as well as the following countries outside the European Union: Albania, Andorra, Belarus, Bosnia-Herzegovina, North Macedonia, Gibraltar, Iceland, Kosovo, Liechtenstein, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, Norway, Russian Federation, San Marino, Serbia, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, and Vatican City.
Proof of citizenship can be established with a passport or identity card. Proof of residency can be established through government issued residency documents.
Eurail Passes come in 4 types of traveler categories
- Child Pass: For travelers who are younger than 12 years old. For children aged 4 to 11 years old can travel for free with a full-paying adult, maximum of two children per Adult Pass.
- Youth Pass: For travelers who are 12 to 27 years old.
- Adult Pass: For travelers who are 28 years old or over.
- Senior Pass: For travelers who are over 60 years old
Eurail Global Pass
The Eurail Global Pass is valid in all 31 participating countries, as of 2019: Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Montenegro, the Netherlands, North Macedonia, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, and the United Kingdom.
The validities for the Eurail Global Pass are:
- 3 days within 1 month
- 5 days within 1 month
- 7 days within 1 month
- 10 days within 2 months
- 15 days within 2 months
- 15 days
- 22 days
- 1 month
- 2 months
- 3 months
Eurail One Country Pass
The Eurail One Country Pass is a pass that allows customers to travel by train across the national rail network of one country, taking as many trains as they want on each travel day. The Eurail One Country Passes are available on the following countries: Austria, Benelux, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Greece, Greek Islands, Hungary, Ireland (Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland), Italy, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Scandinavia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, and Turkey.
Currently, there are no Eurail One Country Passes for Bosnia, Germany, Montenegro, and Switzerland.
The Eurail One Country Passes are available for travel in 3, 4, 5, 6 or 8 travel days within 1 month.
Seat Reservations on High Speed, Overnight, and other Trains
Reservations are not usually required for local or regional trains with the Eurail pass. However, a reservation is needed for most high-speed, international, and night trains. Additional fee surcharges are often required to guarantee secured seat reservations, as well as other extra add-on benefits (e.g. meals and drinks, free Wi-Fi etc.). These fees vary between different carriers, agents and routes. Additional reservation fees can usually be avoided by taking regional or local trains instead. You can make reservations at the station, online on the relevant carrier site, the Eurail site, in the Rail Planner App, by phone through call centers or at your travel agency.
High speed trains
Many high speed trains require reservation and sometimes payment of an extra fee either sold as a supplement or Pass holder fare. Examples include:
- Eurostar (London, Paris, Amsterdam, and Brussels) 2nd Class = €10 to €35, 1st Class = €15 to €43 
- Thalys (Paris to Brussels, Amsterdam, and Cologne) 2nd Class = €15 to €25, 1st Class = €25 to €30
- TGV (Domestic routes) 1st or 2nd Class from €10 to €20
- Trenitalia (Italy): Frecciabianca, Frecciargento, Frecciarossa 1st or 2nd Class €10
- AVE (Spain) 2nd Class €10, 1st Class €13 or €23.50. Reservation fees for 2nd class (€6.50) and 1st Class (€10) are also payable on most other long distance trains in Spain (e.g. Arco, Euromed, Alvia, Alaris, Altaria)
- In Germany and Austria, virtually all of the fast InterCity and InterCityExpress trains can still be boarded without the hassle of queueing for additional tickets or supplements of any kind. ICE (Germany) trains do not require reservation, but it is voluntarily available at €4,50 for 2nd Class and €5,90 for 1st Class.
- SJ high speed train (in Sweden and reaching Copenhagen) €7 (2nd class) / €17 (1st class)
- Some scenic trains have the option to travel in a special panoramic coach, which requires a reservation.
Further information on seat reservation fees and supplements on daytime high speed trains can be obtained from the official Eurail site
Besides the high-speed trains, many overnight trains in Europe require reservations with extra costs for sleeping accommodation such as couchettes or in sleeping cars, and some may not have any non-sleeper cars. However, with Interrail Flexi Global Pass, using a direct overnight train leaving after 7pm and arriving at its final destination after 4am, only requires you to fill in one travel day of the pass, for the following day. This rule cannot be used if that day would be the first one on which the pass is valid.
Reductions on privately owned trains
Interrail Pass is normally only valid on the national railway system of the countries concerned. In many countries there are private railway systems some of which offer free or a reduction to Interrail Pass holders. Normally the reductions are between 25% and 50%.
- 1959: Eurail is founded and valid in 13 countries
- 1971: Student Railpass (2nd class) was introduced
- 1980: Eurail become valid in 16 countries
- 1991: Eurail Pass expands to the former East Germany, allowing travel throughout reunified Germany
- 2001: Launch of Eurail Select Pass
- 2007: Eurail Pass is renamed Eurail Global Pass
- 2008: Slovenian and Croatian railways join and the Pass becomes valid in 20 countries.
- 2009: 50th Anniversary Eurail Pass. Eurail valid in 21 countries.
- 2013: Launch of Rail Planner App
- 2015: 2 children under 11 travel for free with at least 1 adult. Poland, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and Serbia join Eurail Global Pass
- 2016: Eurail Global Pass covers 28 countries. All Passes available to purchase 11 months in advance
- 2017: Eurostar joins Eurail Group. Increase of Youth Pass age to 27. Introduction of 2 new Pass options: Eurail One Country France Pass and Eurail Italy Switzerland Select Pass
- 2019: The pass portfolio now includes Global Pass and One Country Pass only (removal of Select Pass). The Saver Pass type is removed. 1st and 2nd class are available for all Products (except Greek Islands domestic). Furthermore, Britain, FYR Macedonia and Lithuania join Eurail. The New Greek Islands Pass is now also valid for 5 domestic trips and increases to 53 islands.
- Interrail – for European residents
- Indrail Pass – a similar railway ticket for travel on Indian Railways
- Japan Rail Pass - a similar railway ticket valid for travel on all major forms of transportation provided by the JR Group
- Korea Rail Pass - a similar railway ticket valid for travel on all major forms of transportation provided by Korail
- "Company - Eurail Group G.I.E." Eurail Group G.I.E. Retrieved 2018-08-20.
- "Beginner's guide to Eurail passes 2018 | Buy a Eurail pass online". www.seat61.com. Retrieved 2018-08-10.
- "Eurail One Country Pass". Eurail. Retrieved 2018-09-14.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for European rail passes.|