Eurasian Economic Commission
|Current college||Khristenko Commission|
|Chairman of the Commission||Tigran Sargsyan|
Danil Tursunbekovich Ibraev
Mukay Asanovich Kadyrkulov
|Deputy prime ministers of member states||Vache Gabrielyan
The Eurasian Economic Commission (EEC) is the executive body of the Eurasian Economic Union responsible for implementing decisions, upholding the EEU treaties and managing the day-to-day business of the Eurasian Economic Union. The main task of the Eurasian Economic Commission is to ensure the functioning and development of the EEU, and to prepare proposals for its further integration.
The Board of the Commission operates as a cabinet government, with 14 members of the Commission ("commissioners"). There are three members per member state (and until 1 January 2016: 2 from Kyrgyzstan). The Chairman of the commission (currently Tigran Sargsyan) is nominated by the heads of state of the member states of the EEU. The Commission includes an administrative body composed of 23 departments, 18 consultative committees, and 2000 civil servants. The usual working language of the Commission is Russian.
The EEC was constituted by the Treaty on the Eurasian Economic Commission, signed on November 18, 2011 and which entered into force on 1 January 2012. It began it operations on February 2, 2012. On 1 January 2015 it became the principle organ of the Eurasian Economic Union, upon entry into force of the Treaty on the European Economic Union.
The legal basis for the Eurasian Economic Commission is the Treaty on the European Economic Commission, which entered into force on 1 January 2012 for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Russia. The commission started its work 1 month later as an executive body for the Single Economic Space. All the powers of the Customs Union's Commission, which had been established in 2010 are delegated to the commission. With the entry into force of the Treaty on the Eurasian Economic Union, the Commission became the main executive organ of Union.
With the enlargement of the Eurasian Economic Union, more Board and Council Members were appointed. Both Armenia and Kyrgyzstan received one Board member from the moment of their accession to the Union, as well as 3 respectively 2 Council Members. The Council members were however not assigned a specific portfolio, until the next commission is appointed in February 2016.
The EEC is a two level body, consisting of:
- Council of the Eurasian Economic Commission (5 members from 5 EEU member states)
- Board of the Eurasian Economic Commission (14 members from all EEU member states)
The Council of the Commission
|Vice-Prime Minister of Armenia||Vache Gabrielyan|
|Deputy Prime Minister of Belarus||Vasily Matyushevsky|
|Deputy Prime Minister of Kazakhstan||Bakytzhan Sagintayev|
|Vice-Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan||Valeriy Dil|
|First Deputy Prime Minister of Russia||Igor Shuvalov|
The Presidency of the Council rotates every year among the deputy prime-ministers of EEC member states. Rotation of the Presidency of the Council is carried out in turn in Russian alphabetical order by name of the Party. The Council's decisions are taken by consensus.
The Board of the Commission
The executive power of the EEC is held by the Board of the Commission, providing development and implementation of policies for further integration. The Board of the Commission is composed of 14 commissioners, 3 per member state (and until 1 January 2016: 2 from Kyrgyzstan). One of the commissioners is the Chairman of the College of the Commission. The Chairman of the Commission and Members of the Board of the Commission are appointed for four years with a possible extension of powers by Heads of States. The decisions of the College of the Commission are made by " qualified majority voting". Each member of the College of the Commission has one vote.
|Chairman of the Board||Tigran Sargsyan||Armenia|
|Commissioner for the Development of Integration and Macroeconomics||Tatiana Valovaya||Russia|
|Commissioner for Technical Regulations||Valery Koreshkov||Belarus|
|Commissioner for Economics and Financial Policies||Timur Suleimenov||Kazakhstan|
|Commissioner for Customs Cooperation||Vladimir Goshin||Belarus|
|Commissioner for Trade||Andrey Slepnev||Russia|
|Commissioner for Industry and Agro-industrial Sector||Sergey Sidorsky||Belarus|
|Commissioner for Energy and Infrastructure||Daniyal Akhmetov||Kazakhstan|
|Commissioner for Competition and Anti-trust Regulation||Nurlan Aldabergenov||Kazakhstan|
|Commissioner||Danil Tursunbekovich Ibraev||Kyrgyzstan|
|Commissioner||Mukay Asanovich Kadyrkulov||Kyrgyzstan|
Advisory Bodies of the Commission
The Commission is divided into several departments, and each of which is further divided into sections.
The College of the Commission has overall charge of the departments. Each department is managed by one of the Members of the Board (of Ministers) in accordance with the division of responsibilities between them.
- Organizational support and Protocol Department;
- Finance Department;
- Legal Department;
- IT department;
- Administrative Department;
- Department of Integration Development;
- Department of Macroeconomic Policy;
- Department of Statistics;
- Department of Financial Sector;
- Department of Business Development;
- Department of Industrial Policy;
- Department of Agriculture and Rural Development;
- Department of Tariff and Non-tariff Customs Regulation;
- Department for Internal Market Defence;
- Department of Trade Policy;
- Department of Technical Regulation and Accreditation;
- Department of Sanitary and Phytosanitary and Veterinar Measures;
- Department of Customs Regulations and Law Enforcement Practice;
- Department of Customs Infrastructure;
- Department of Transportation and Infrastructure;
- Department of Energy;
- Department of Antimonopoly Regulation;
- Department of Competition Policy and Public Purchases.
From January 1, 2012 the Commission include the administrative body of about 600 international civil servants. From July 1, 2012 the number of employees increased to 850 staff members and from January 1, 2013 – to 1071. All persons employed by the Commission as officials are international civil servants.
Powers and functions
The Competences of the Eurasian Economic Commission
The Competences of the Eurasian Economic Commission were originally defined in the Article 3 of the Treaty on the Eurasian Economic Commission dated November 18, 2010. All the powers of the Customs Union's Commission have been delegated to the Eurasian Economic Commission. The present competences of the commission are defined in the Treaty on the Eurasian Economic Union.
The Competences of the Commission include
- customs tariff and non-tariff regulation;
- customs administration;
- technical regulation;
- sanitary, veterinary and phytosanitary measures;
- enrolment and allocation of import customs duties;
- establishment of trade regimes with third countries;
- statistics of external and internal trade;
- macroeconomic policy;
- competition policy;
- industrial and agriculture subsidies;
- energy policy;
- natural monopolies;
- state and municipal procurement;
- internal trade in services and investment;
- transport and transportation;
- currency policy;
- intellectual property and copyright;
- migration policy;
- financial markets (banking, insurance, foreign exchange market, stock market);
The Commission ensures the implementation of international treaties, forming the legal base of the Customs Union (CU) and Single Economic Space (SES). The Commission is also the depositary of international treaties, forming the legal base of the CU and the CES as well as decisions of the Supreme Eurasian Economic Council. Within its competence, the Commission issues non-binding instruments, such as recommendations and also may take decisions that are binding on the Parties.
The budget of the Commission is to be made up of contributions from member states and it is approved by the Supreme Eurasian Economic Council.
- About the Eurasian Economic Commission, Eurasian Commission
- "Structure of the Eurasian Commission". eec.eaeunion.org. Eurasian Commission. Retrieved 29 June 2015.
- "Eurasian Economic Integration: Facts and Figures" (PDF). EEC. Retrieved 25 October 2015.