Eurasian Observatory for Democracy and Elections

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Eurasian Observatory for Democracy and Elections (EODE) is a Russia-based Eurasianist non-governmental organization which on its website claims that it monitors elections.[1][2] According to its website, it specializes in the "self-proclaimed republics" (Abkhazia, Transdnistria, Nagorno-Karabakh).[3][1] It is led by the Belgian activist Luc Michel[4] and Jean-Pierre Vandersmissen. Both Michel and Vandermissen are followers of the Belgian Neo-Nazi politician Jean-François Thiriart.[5][6][7]

Oliver Bullough of New Republic reported in 2014 that the organization stated on its website that it shared the values of "the current Russian leadership and V. V. Putin."[8] The organization states that is committed to a multi-polar world and is critical of what it sees as a unipolar world dominated in the twenty-first century by the United States and NATO. It is opposed to the imposition of western values and the identification of the western-style parliamentary system of democracy as a universal norm not open to criticism.[9]

EODE visited Crimea during the 2014 Crimean referendum and claimed that the referendum was conducted in a legitimate manner.[10][11]

The organization has offices in Moscow, Paris, Brussels, Sochi and Chișinău.[10]

External links[edit]


  1. ^ a b Orenstein, Mitchell (March 2014). "Putin's Western Allies. Why Europe's Far Right Is on the Kremlin's Side". Foreign Affairs.
  2. ^ Luc MICHEL (2013-02-10). "EODE: A non-aligned NGO!". Eurasian Observatory for Democracy & Elections. Retrieved 2014-03-21.
  3. ^ Luc MICHEL (2014-03-19). "EODE Press Office / SABOTAGE AND RESTRICTIONS: THE REFERENDUM ON SELF-DETERMINATION OF THE REPUBLIC OF CRIMEA UPSETS!". Eurasian Observatory for Democracy & Elections. Archived from the original on 2014-03-22. Retrieved 2014-04-20.
  4. ^ jek, kat (2014-03-19). "Cestu Šarapatky na Krym platila organizace ultrapravicového aktivisty". Czech Television. Retrieved 2014-03-20.
  5. ^ Shekhovtsov, Anton (23 March 2014). "European right-wing extremists and other pro-Russian activists 'observed' the Crimean 'referendum'". Archived from the original on 24 March 2014. Retrieved 4 April 2014.
  6. ^ Snyder, Timothy (March 2014). "Far-Right Forces are Influencing Russia's Actions in Crimea". New Republic.
  7. ^ "The Kremlin's marriage of convenience with the European far right". openDemocracy. 17 February 2015.
  8. ^ Bullough, Oliver (March 2014). "The Crimean Referendum to Join Russia Was an Unconstitutional Sham". New Republic.
  9. ^
  10. ^ a b Sandra Štefaniková (2014-03-19). "Politici jeli na Krym s extremisty. Bylo to narychlo, říkají". Aktuálně.cz. Retrieved 2014-03-20.
  11. ^ spa (Šárka Pálková) (2014-03-20). "Berkovcova mise na Krym. Tají organizátora i financování". Retrieved 2014-03-22.