Eurasian Patent Convention

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Eurasian Patent Convention
Parties (purple), former parties (green) and signatories that did not ratify (blue)
Signed 9 September 1994 (1994-09-09)[1]
Location Moscow, Russia
Effective 12 August 1995[2]
Condition ratification by three States[1]
Signatories 10
Parties 8 (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Russia, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan)[2][3]
Depositary Director-General of WIPO[1]
Language Russian[1][3]

The Eurasian Patent Convention (EAPC) (Russian: Евразийская патентная конвенция) is an international patent law treaty instituting both the Eurasian Patent Organization (EAPO) and the legal system pursuant to which Eurasian patents are granted.[1] It was signed on 9 September 1994 in Moscow, Russia, and entered into force on 12 August 1995.[2][3]


After the Collapse of the Soviet Union, its successor states had no system for protection of intellectual property. A common patent system was perceived in a convention which was signed on 27 December 1991, but never entered into force.[2] This system would provide for a true unitary patent that "may be granted, assigned or canceled in the territory of all the Contracting States with due regard to the invention patentability criteria provided for in the USSR legislation". The second version of the convention went less far: in line with the European Patent Convention,[3] it provided for a single evaluation phase, but after approval, it would be converted in a bundle of national patents.

States parties[edit]

The convention was signed by 10 states in 1994, 8 of which became members one year later upon ratification.[4]

Country Signature Ratification/Accession Denunciation
 Armenia 9 September 1994 27 November 1995
 Azerbaijan 9 September 1994 25 September 1995
 Belarus 9 September 1994 8 May 1995
 Georgia 9 September 1994
 Kazakhstan 9 September 1994 4 August 1995
 Kyrgyzstan 9 September 1994 13 October 1995
 Moldova 9 September 1994 16 November 1995 26 April 2012[3]
 Russia 9 September 1994 27 June 1995
 Tajikistan 9 September 1994 12 May 1995
 Turkmenistan 1 March 1995
 Ukraine 9 September 1994


An opposition can be filed against a Eurasian patent granted under the provisions of the Eurasian Patent Convention within six months from the publication of the granted patent.[3]


"Between 1996 and the end of 2015, approximately 43 700 Eurasian applications were filed and 22 700 Eurasian patents were granted at the EAPO."[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e "Eurasian Patent Convention". Eurasian Patent Organization. Retrieved 19 June 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c d "History of the Eurasian patent organization". Eurasian Patent Organization. Retrieved 2 July 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "Accessing patent information published in Russia – Part 1: Eurasian Patent Office" (PDF). Patent Information News. European Patent Office. 2016 (2): 12–14. June 2016. Retrieved 19 June 2016. 
  4. ^ "Treaty database: Eurasian Patent Convention (EAPO)". WIPO. Retrieved 3 July 2012. 

External links[edit]