Eurasian Youth Union

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Eurasian Youth Union
Founded February 26, 2005
Headquarters Moscow, Russia
Ideology Eurasianism,
National Bolshevism,
Third Positionism,
Anti-Americanism,
Fascism
International affiliation unknown
Website
http://www.rossia3.ru/

The Eurasian Youth Union (Russian: Евразийский союз молодёжи; ЕСМ / ESM) is a Russian traditionalist-European political organization,[1] the youth wing of the Eurasia Party headed by Aleksandr Dugin. The organization has branches in several countries. In 2011 the Government of Ukraine has branded the ESM as an extremist, anti-Ukrainian organization, convicted of a string of vandalism offenses and banned it in Ukraine.[2]

Ideology[edit]

According to some observers the Eurasian Youth Union was created as a reaction to the Orange Revolution in Ukraine and the role the younger generation played in it. It is suggested that ESM represents an opposition to a Ukrainian youth organization PORA.[3]

The early-20th century Eurasianist ideology of a part of the Russian emigration and modern Neo-Eurasianism developed by Aleksandr Dugin has been declared the main ideology of the organization.[4] Its ideology also features prominently Russian nationalism and imperialism, calls for the creation of a new Eurasian empire centered on Russia. On its website the movement declared the West and in particular the United States as its main opponent and termed it as the "main evil".

In its internal policy the ESM supports the current government of Russia and in particular its President, Vladimir Putin. Some also claim, that the movement receives taciturn support from the Russian Government eager to see a movement opposed to a possibility of an Orange Revolution happening in Russia.[6]

Activities[edit]

In Russia, the Eurasian Youth Union has allied itself with organizations like the National Bolshevik Front,[7] the DPNI[citation needed] and other groups of that type. It organizes and takes part in the annual Russian Marches in Russia and other countries of Eastern Europe. Very often these marches are accompanied by violence, especially in Ukraine.[8]

After Ukraine's Orange Revolution in 2004, the ESM set up branches in several Ukrainian cities and voiced its sharp criticism of the pro-Western Ukrainian government. The ESM was responsible for a string of attacks on property and organizations they deemed pro-Western. It organised attacks on several Ukrainian Security Service branches, monuments to UPA veterans and hacker attacks on the website of the President of Ukraine. The most prominent of these attacks, that received nationwide attention was the desecration of Ukrainian state symbols on Mount Hoverla in October 2007.[9][10] The other attack on Ukrainian targets was in Moscow, where several ESM members trashed an exhibition devoted to the Holodomor (1932-1933), a man-made Stalinist genocide that targeted Ukrainians.[11] Due to the relatively high profile of these attacks the Ukrainian police asked for assistance from Russia in finding people responsible for them, but no suspects have been apprehended yet.

The organization's vandalism and sharp anti-governmental stance received wide condemnation among Ukrainian media and provoked a response from different Ukrainian organizations of the opposite orientation; several threats were made against the organization and its members and an arson attack was reciprocated on the ESM's offices in Moscow.

Bans[edit]

In 2011, a Ukrainian court banned the Eurasian Youth Union and its leaders, Dugin and Zarifullin, were declared personae non grata.[12] In June 2015, Canada added the organization to its list of sanctioned entities.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Общероссийское молодёжное общественное движение "Евразийский союз молодёжи" [All-Russian Youth Public Movement "Eurasian Youth Union"] (in Russian). Lomonosov-fund.ru. September 29, 2010. Retrieved September 24, 2017. 
  2. ^ "Annual report on Antisemitism and Racism, Poland 2005". Tel Aviv University. 2005. Archived from the original on May 2, 2008. Retrieved July 4, 2008. 
  3. ^ Okara, Andrey (March 2005). Новая украинская опричнина, или Что общего между 'Порой', неоевразийцами, Иваном Грозным и Юлией Тимошенко? [The new Ukrainian 'oprichnina', or What do 'Pora', Neo-Eurasians, Ivan the Terrible and Yulia Tymoshenko have in common?]. Zerkalo Nedeli (in Russian). 9 (537). Moscow. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. 
  4. ^ Laruelle, Marlène (September 3, 2008). "Neo-Eurasianist Alexander Dugin on the Russia-Georgia Conflict". Central Asia-Caucasus Institute Analyst. Archived from the original on September 12, 2008. 
  5. ^ Катехизис члена Евразийского Союза Молодежи - Евразийство: Глобальный аспект: Наш враг [The catechism of a member of the Eurasian Youth Union - Eurasianism: The global aspect: Our enemy] (in Russian). Rossia3.ru. Retrieved September 24, 2017. 
  6. ^ Umland, Andreas (December 2006). 'Неоевразийство', вопрос о русском фашизме и российский политический дискурс ['Neo-Eurasianism', the question of Russian fascism and Russian political discourse]. Zerkalo Nedeli (in Russian). 48 (627). Archived from the original on July 6, 2007. 
  7. ^ НБФ станет нам дружественной и братской организацией [The National Bolshevik Front will become our friendly and fraternal organization] (in Russian). Rossia3.ru. August 31, 2006. Retrieved September 24, 2017. 
  8. ^ Gorskiy, Yuriy (October 30, 2007). Русский Правый Марш -2005. Как это было на самом деле [Russian Right Wing March - 2005. How it was in reality] (in Russian). Pzrk.ru. Archived from the original on May 1, 2008. 
  9. ^ Євразійський Союз Молоді знищив Герб України на вершині Говерли [The Eurasian Youth Union destroyed the Ukrainian Coat of Arms on the peak of Hoverla]. Novynar (in Ukrainian). October 18, 2007. Archived from the original on October 21, 2007. 
  10. ^ СБУ встановила людей, які знищили Герб на Говерлі (оновлено) [The Security Service of Ukraine (SSU) has identified the people who destroyed the Coat of Arms on Hoverla (updated)]. Novynar (in Ukrainian). October 20, 2007. Archived from the original on October 22, 2007. 
  11. ^ Після Говерли 'євразійці' розгромили виставку про Голодомор [After Hoverla, 'Eurasians' smashed an exhibition on the Holodomor]. Ukrainska Pravda (in Ukrainian). November 17, 2007. Archived from the original on February 4, 2008. 
  12. ^ Суд ліквідував Євразійський союз молоді [The court has liquidated the Eurasian Youth Union]. Liga.net (in Ukrainian). November 25, 2011. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved September 24, 2017. 
  13. ^ "Expanded Sanctions List". Ottawa, Ontario: pm.gc.ca. June 29, 2015. Archived from the original on August 20, 2015.