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Phoxinus apollonicus.jpeg
Phoxinus apollonicus
Phoxinus bigerri 01 by-dpc.jpg
Phoxinus bigerri
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Cypriniformes
Family: Cyprinidae
Subfamily: Leuciscinae
Genus: Phoxinus
Rafinesque, 1820
Type species
Cyprinus phoxinus

Phoxinus is a genus of freshwater fish in the family Cyprinidae of order Cypriniformes. The type species is Phoxinus phoxinus. The other species in this genus are also commonly known as minnows. The name "minnow" was what early English fisherman used to describe "small and insignificant". The genus Phoxinus is found throughout Eurasia, and includes 21 known species.[1] Previously, members of the North American genus Chrosomus were also believed to form part of this genus.[2]


There are currently 21 recognized species in this genus:


  1. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2015). Species of Phoxinus in FishBase. October 2015 version.
  2. ^ Strange, R.M. & Mayden, R.L. (2009): Phylogenetic Relationships and a Revised Taxonomy for North American Cyprinids Currently Assigned to Phoxinus (Actinopterygii: Cyprinidae). Copeia, 2009 (3): 494-501.
  3. ^ a b c d Bianco, P.G. & De Bonis, S. (2015): A taxonomic study on the genus Phoxinus (Acthinopterigy, Cyprinidae) from Italy and western Balkans with description of four new species: P. ketmaieri, P. karsticus, P. apollonicus and P. likai. In: Bianco, P.G. & de Filippo, G. (Eds.), Researches on Wildlife Conservation, 4 IGF Publ., USA., ISBN 978-1-326-47086-9. pp. 1–22.