Eurith D. Rivers

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Eurith D. Rivers
E. D. Rivers Georgia Governor.jpg
Rivers visiting the White House as the Georgian governor-elect on December 22, 1936.
68th Governor of Georgia
In office
January 12, 1937 – January 14, 1941
Preceded by Eugene Talmadge
Succeeded by Eugene Talmadge
Speaker of the Georgia House of Representatives
In office
1933–1937
Member of the Georgia House of Representatives
In office
1924
Member of the Georgia Senate
In office
1926
Personal details
Born Eurith Dickinson Rivers
(1895-12-01)December 1, 1895
Center Point, Arkansas, U.S.
Died June 11, 1967(1967-06-11) (aged 71)
Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.
Nationality American
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Mattie Lucille Lashley[1]
Children Eurith Dickinson Rivers Jr. and Geraldine[1]
Parents Millie Annie Wilkerson and James Matthew Rivers[1]
Alma mater Young Harris College
LaSalle Extension University[1]
Profession Attorney and newspaper editor[1]

Eurith Dickinson "Ed" Rivers (December 1, 1895 – June 11, 1967) was an American politician from Lanier County, Georgia. A Democrat, he was the 68th Governor of Georgia from 1937 to 1941.

Early life and education[edit]

Eurith Dickinson Rivers was born on December 1, 1895 in Center Point, Arkansas. He attended Young Harris College, and settled in Cairo. Rivers also obtained a law degree through La Salle Extension University.[2] A Democrat, Rivers served as a Justice of the Peace, Cairo City Attorney, and Grady County Attorney. He later moved to Milltown (now called Lakeland) to become editor of the Lanier County News.

Career[edit]

Rivers was elected to the Georgia House of Representatives in 1924 and to the Georgia State Senate in 1926. In 1928 and 1930 Rivers was an unsuccessful candidate for the Democratic nomination for Governor. In 1932 he ran for the Georgia House of Representatives. He was elected Speaker, serving from 1933 to 1937.

His election as governor came after a stormy Democratic primary in 1936 in which the race served as a surrogate referendum on President Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal. Since Georgia didn't allow three consecutive terms, Governor Eugene Talmadge was not eligible for re-election.[3] Talmadge, who strongly opposed the New Deal and had delayed its implementation in Georgia, ran for the U.S. Senate and backed Charles D. Redwine for governor. Rivers, who as Speaker of the Georgia House of Representatives had strongly supported the New Deal, was his opponent, and won with about 60 percent of the vote (the same margin by which Talmadge lost his Senate race).

Rivers' first two-year term as governor saw Georgia pass the legislation required to bring New Deal programs into the state, and was widely acclaimed. Rivers created the 7-month school year. Under Rivers' leadership, electrical services were expanded to rural areas of the state. Georgia moved from the lowest-ranked state to the top of the list in the number of rural electrification associations. When he was in office, the State Bureau of Unemployment Compensation was created, allowing Georgians to receive unemployment benefits.

After Rivers' re-election in 1938, he ran into problems financing many of his improvement programs. Although the budget was reduced by 25 percent, he was able to convince the legislature to create the Georgia Housing Authority and obtain federal funds to build public housing. During Rivers' second term, there were political scandals and charges of corruption. Many of Rivers' appointees and staff members were charged with corrupt practices, and the charges reflected poorly on the governor.

In 1939, Rivers proclaimed a state holiday for the December premiere of the film Gone With the Wind.[4]

Rivers sought the governorship again in 1946 but finished a distant third behind Eugene Talmadge and James V. Carmichael in the Democratic primary.[1]

Later life and death[edit]

Rivers was never again elected to public office. He became a successful radio station owner.[1] He died in Atlanta, Georgia in 1967 and is buried in the City Cemetery in Lakeland, Georgia.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "E. D. Rivers (1895-1967)". New Georgia Encyclopedia. 
  2. ^ Georgia Dept. of Archives and History (1925). Georgia's official register. Longino and Porter
  3. ^ "Eugene Talmadge, and newly-elected Governor R.D. Rivers shaking hands at inauguration, Atlanta, Georgia, January 12, 1937". Special Collections and Archives, Georgia State University Library. Digital Library of Georgia. Retrieved 21 June 2016. 
  4. ^ "Arrival for Gone With the Wind Movie Premiere Festivities, Dec. 15, 1939". Atlanta History Photograph Collection, Atlanta History Center. Digital Library of Georgia. Retrieved 21 June 2016. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Eugene Talmadge
Governor of the State of Georgia
January 12, 1937 – January 14, 1941
Succeeded by
Eugene Talmadge