EuroNight

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EuroNight

EuroNight, abbreviated EN, denotes many main-line national and international night train services within the Western and Central European inter-city rail network.

Overview[edit]

The classification and name were brought into use in May 1993.[1] Unlike the equivalent day-running counterparts EuroCity and InterCity trains, the EuroNight trains tend to run during the nighttime and are equipped with various cars for accommodating sleep services. Nearly all EuroNight trains require reservations and additional fare-supplements in addition to the regular cost of a ticket from the destination to the arrival point. These supplements vary in price depending on whether the traveler wishes to sit in a regular seat, a couchette "lying bed" which offers a padded, felt bed with a blanket and small pillow, or a sleeping bed which allows a mattress bed with full bedding (sheets, comforters, pillows).

Nearly all EuroNight services are international services (though a few large nations, including France and Germany, operate EN services nationally) and are jointly operated by various national rail companies, with many rail companies sharing cars on the route. EN trains developed and became the standard night-train service for all Western and most Central European nations, receiving special designation from the older D-Nacht services (many of which still operate in Central and Eastern Europe). EN trains have special criteria that rail companies must match in order to receive the EN designation.

Train numbers follow the EN designation. Many routes also have accompanying names that originally designated the route in the 19th and 20th centuries (EN 264 still operated on the classic Orient Express route from Vienna to Strasbourg, until its cancellation and withdrawal in 2009 for example).

Operating carriers[edit]

The following carriers currently have designated cars and train conductors who work the EN lines. Many railway companies share cars on the same train line between routes; for example, EN 235 between Vienna and Rome share cars of both the ÖBB and Trenitalia.

Deutsche Bahn operates the additional City Night Line hotel-quality night services between Germany, Italy, the Czech Republic, Switzerland, and The Netherlands. Two of those, the Kopernikus and the Canopus, are designated EuroNight trains as EN 458/459. However, Deutsche Bahn announced to terminate all of its own night train services by December 2016.[2]

List of Euronight Trains[edit]

Number Name Route Operator Travel Time
EN 17
EN 18
Moscow SmolenskayaOrsha Centralnaya - Minsk-Passazhirsky - Brest-Tsentralny - Terespol - Warszawa Wschodnia - Warszawa Centralna - Katowice - Bohumín - Břeclav - Wien Hauptbahnhof - Innsbruck Hauptbahnhof - Brennero - Verona Porta Nuova - Milano Rogoredo - Genova Piazza Principe - Ventimiglia - Monaco - Monte-Carlo - Nice-Ville RŽD, , PKP, ČD, ÖBB 46 h 45
EN 220
EN 221
Venezia Santa LuciaVenezia MestrePadova – Vicenza - Verona Porta NuovaBresciaMilano Centrale – Dijon Ville – Paris Lyon Thello 13 h 30
EN 234
EN 235
Allegro Tosca Wien HbfWien MeidlingBruck an der MurVillach HbfVenezia MestreFirenze Santa Maria NovellaRoma Termini (with through carriages from Venezia Mestre to Milano Centrale) ÖBB, Trenitalia 14 h
EN 236
EN 237
Allegro Don Giovanni Wien WestbfWien Hütteldf - St. Pölten Hbf. - Amstetten - St. Valentin - Linz HbfWels HbfAttnang-PuchheimVöcklabruckSalzburg HbfVillach HbfTarvisio CentraleUdine CentraleLatisana-Lignano-BibioneVenezia Mestre - Venezia Santa Lucia ÖBB 12 h
EN 246
EN 247
EN Vorarlberg
EN LA Renaissance u. Reformation 2010
Wien Westbf Linz – Wels – Attnang-Puchheim – Vöcklabruck – Salzburg – Innsbruck – Landeck – Bludenz – Feldkirch – Bregenz ÖBB 10 h
EN 300
EN 301
Scandinavia-Night-Express
Berlin-Night-Express
Berlin HbfMalmö Central Veolia Transport, GVG 9:30 h
8:30 h
EN 402
EN 403
Silesia KrakówOświęcimCzechowice-DziedziceBohumín PKP Intercity, ČD 3 h
EN 404
EN 405
Vltava Praha hlavní nádražíOstravaKatowiceWarszawa - Brest - Minsk - Smolensk - Moscow Smolenskaya railway station RZD 25 h
EN 406
EN 407
Chopin Wien HauptbahnhofBřeclavPřerovOstravaBohumínKatowiceWarszawa PKP Intercity, ČD, ÖBB 8 h
EN 420
EN 421
Wien WestbfLinz HbfPassau HbfFrankfurt (Main) HbfKöln HbfDüsseldorf ÖBB 11 h
EN 436
EN 437
Jan Kiepura Amsterdam CentraalDuisburg HbfKöln HbfWuppertal HbfBielefeld HbfBerlinFrankfurt (Oder) (Gr) – Poznań GlownyWarszawa CentralnaWarszawa Wschodnia (with through carriages to Minsk and Moskva Byelorusskaya, also Basel SBB – Warsaw – Moscow and München Hbf – Warsaw – Moscow) PKP Intercity, DB AutoZug, BC, RZD 17 h
EN 442
EN 443
Bohemia Praha hlavní nádražíPardubice - Olomouc - Ostrava - Bohumín - Český Těšín - Žilina - Poprad - Košice - Humenné ČD, ZSSK 12 h
9 h
EN 444
EN 445
Slovakia Praha hlavní nádražíPardubice - Olomouc - Ostrava - Bohumín - Český Těšín - Žilina - Poprad - Košice ČD, ZSSK 10 h
9 h
EN 446
EN 447
D 21JA Warszawa Wschodnia – Poznań Gl. – Frankfurt (Oder)Berlin Hbf (tief) – Dortmund Hbf – Cologne Hbf PKP Intercity, DB
EN 452
EN 453
Ost-West-Express Moskva BelorusskajaMinsk(BY) – Warszawa Wschodnia – Poznań Gl. – Frankfurt (Oder)Berlin Hbf (tief) – Hannover Hbf – Fulda – (Aschaffenburg) – Frankfurt (Main) SüdKarlsruheStrasbourgÉpernayParis-Est Deutsche Bahn, RZD
EN 458
EN 459
Kopernikus Praha hlavní nádraží - Ústí nad Labem - Dresden Hbf - Leipzig ČD, DB 4:15
EN 459 Canopus Zürich Hbf - Basel SBB - Frankfurt South station - Erfurt Hbf - Leipzig Hbf - Dresden Hbf - Ústí nad Labem hl.n. - Praha hlavní nádraží ČD, DB 14:47 h
EN 462
EN 463
Kálmán Imre Budapest Keleti pu – Kelenföld – Tatabánya – Győr – Hegyeshalom (Gr)Wien Hbf – Wien Meidling – St. Pölten – Linz – Salzburg Hbf – München Ost – München Hbf (with through carriages to Bucuresti Nord) MÁV, ÖBB[4] 9
(24) h
EN 464
EN 465
Zürichsee Graz – Selzthal – Innsbruck – Feldkirch – Zürich (with through carriages to/from Villach, Zagreb and Belgrade) ÖBB, , ŽS 11 h
10 h
EN 466
EN 467
Wiener Walzer Budapest Keleti pu;– Kelenföld – Tatabánya – Győr – Mosonmagyaróvár – Hegyeshalom (Gr) – Wien Hbf – Wien Meidling – St. Pölten – Linz – Salzburg – Innsbruck – Bludenz – Feldkirch – Buchs – Sargans – Zürich HB MÁV, ÖBB 12 h
EN 472
EN 473
Ister Budapest Keleti pu – Szolnok – Bekescsaba – Lököshaza – Curtici – Arad – Teius – Brasov – Ploiesti Vest – Bucuresti Nord Gr. A 14
(30) h
EN 476
EN 477
Metropol Berlin Hauptbahnhof – Berlin Südkreuz – Dresden – Schöna (Gr) – Praha – Brno – Břeclav – Kúty (Gr) – Bratislava – Szob (Gr) – Budapest (with through carriages to Wien Westbahnhof from Břeclav) MÁV 14 h
EN 491
EN 492
Hans Albers Wien Westbf – St. Pölten – Amstetten – St. Valentin – Linz – Wels – Passau – Nürnberg – Hannover – Hamburg-Harburg – Hamburg – Hamburg-Altona ÖBB 12 h
EN 498
EN 499
Lisinski München – Salzburg – Schwarzach-St. Veit – Spittal-Millstättersee – Villach – Jesenice(SL) – Lesce Bled – Kranj – Ljubljana – Zidani Most – Sevnica – Dobova – Savski Marof – Zagreb Glavni Kolod. (with through carriages to Belgrad) HŽ, SŽ 9 h
EN 1236/1238
EN 1237/1239
Allegro Rossini Roma TiburtinaFirenze Campo di MarteBologna CentraleFerraraRovigo – Padova – Venezia Mestre – Udine – Tarvisio BoscoverdeVillach – Klagenfurt – Leoben – Bruck and der Mur – Wiener Neustadt – Wien-Meidling – Wien Matzleinsdorf ÖBB 15 h

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "International Services from May 23" (changes taking effect). Thomas Cook European Timetable (May 1–22, 1993 edition), p. 3. Peterborough, UK: Thomas Cook Publishing.
  2. ^ a b DB to withdraw all remaining sleeper trains 21 December 2015
  3. ^ "EuroNight to Copenhagen, Prague, Moscow". Dutch Railways NS. 2012-10-09. Retrieved 2012-10-09. 
  4. ^ http://www.eurail.com/trains-europe/night-trains/euronight-kalman-imre#facilities