Euro Car Segment

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Vehicle segments for cars in Europe do not have formal characterization or regulations.[1] Although the definition is vague, there is little overlap between segments A-F based on weight and size parameters.[2]

Models segments tend to be based on comparison to well-known brand models. For example, a car such as the Volkswagen Golf might be described as being in the Ford Focus size class, or vice versa. The VW Polo is smaller, so it belongs one segment below the Golf, while the bigger Passat is one segment above.[3]

The segments have been defined in the past by the European Commission:[1] (EU market share in 2011)[2]

These are different to the classifications used by the Europe-wide safety assessment programme Euro NCAP.


New passenger car registrations by segment Western Europe (EU15 + EFTA)
source: ACEA [4] · and for segment groups:[5]

Compare with other car classification[edit]

Not well-defined / vernacular Defined by law or regulation Examples
Market segment (American English) Market segment (British English) Market segment (Australian English)[6] US EPA Size Class[7] Euro NCAP Structural Category[8] Euro NCAP Class (1997–2009) Euro Market Segment[9]
Microcar Microcar, Bubble car N/A N/A Quadricycle A-segment mini cars Bond Bug, Isetta, Mega City, Renault Twizy
Subcompact car
Economy car
City car Microcar Minicompact Passenger car Supermini Citroën C1, Fiat 500, Hyundai Eon, Peugeot 108, Renault Twingo
Supermini Light car Subcompact B-segment small cars Ford Fiesta, Kia Rio, Opel Corsa, Peugeot 208, Volkswagen Polo
Compact car Small family car Small car Compact Small family car C-segment medium cars Honda Civic, Mazda3, Ford Focus, Renault Mégane, Toyota Auris
Mid-size car Large family car Medium car Mid-size Large family car D-segment large cars Ford Mondeo, Opel Insignia, Peugeot 508, Mazda6, Volkswagen Passat
Entry-level luxury car Compact executive car Medium car above $60,000 N/A Alfa Romeo Giulia, Audi A4, BMW 3 Series, Lexus ES, Mercedes-Benz C-Class
Full-size car Executive car Large car Large Executive E-segment executive cars Chevrolet Impala, Chrysler 300, Ford Taurus, Renault Samsung SM7, Toyota Avalon
Mid-size luxury car Large car above $70,000 N/A Audi A6, BMW 5 Series, Cadillac CTS, Mercedes-Benz E-Class, Tesla Model S
Full-size luxury car Luxury car Upper large car above $100,000 N/A F-segment luxury cars BMW 7 Series, Jaguar XJ, Mercedes-Benz S-Class, Porsche Panamera, Maserati Quattroporte
Grand tourer Grand tourer Sports car N/A S-segment sports coupés Aston Martin DB9, Bentley Continental GT, Ferrari GTC4Lusso, Jaguar XK, Maserati GranTurismo
Supercar Supercar N/A Bugatti Veyron, LaFerrari, Lamborghini Aventador, Pagani Zonda, Porsche 918 Spyder
Convertible Convertible N/A BMW 6 Series, Chevrolet Camaro, Mercedes CLK, Volvo C70, Volkswagen Eos
Roadster Roadster Two-seater Roadster sports BMW Z4, Lotus Elise, Mazda MX-5, Porsche Boxster, Mercedes-Benz SLK
Mini MPV N/A Minivan MPV Small MPV M-segment multi purpose cars Citroen C3 Picasso, Ford B-Max, Opel Meriva, Fiat 500L
MPV Compact MPV People mover Chevrolet Orlando, Ford C-Max, Opel Zafira, Renault Scenic, Volkswagen Touran
Minivan Large MPV Large MPV Chrysler Pacifica (RU), Kia Carnival, Citroën C4 Grand Picasso, Renault Espace, Toyota Sienna
Cargo van Van Van Cargo van Chevrolet Express 1500 Cargo, Fiat Ducato/Ram ProMaster, Ford Transit, Renault Master, Volkswagen Transporter
Passenger van Minibus People mover Passenger van Chevrolet Express 1500 Passenger, Ford E350 Wagon, Mercedes-Benz Viano
Mini SUV Mini 4x4 Small SUV Small sport utility vehicle Off-roader Small off-road 4x4 J-segment sport utility cars (including off-road vehicles) Daihatsu Terios, Ford Ecosport, Jeep Renegade, Peugeot 2008, Suzuki Jimny
Compact SUV Compact SUV Medium SUV Chevrolet Equinox, Ford Escape, Honda CR-V, Jeep Cherokee, Kia Sportage
Mid-size SUV Large 4x4 Large SUV Standard sport utility vehicle Large off-road 4x4 Ford Edge, Hyundai Santa Fe, Jeep Grand Cherokee, Volkswagen Touareg, Volvo XC90
Full-size SUV Upper large SUV Range Rover, Cadillac Escalade, Toyota Land Cruiser
Mini pickup truck Pick-up Ute Small Pickup truck Pickup Pick-up Chevrolet Montana, Fiat Strada, Renault Duster Oroch
Mid-size pickup truck Ford Ranger, Chevrolet Colorado, Mitsubishi Triton/L200, Nissan Navara, Toyota Hilux
Full-size pickup truck Pickup Standard pickup truck Dodge Ram, Ford F-150, GMC Sierra, Nissan Titan, Toyota Tundra
Heavy duty pickup truck Chevrolet Silverado HD, Ram Heavy Duty, Ford Super Duty, Nissan Titan XD
Special purpose vehicle Limousine Special purpose vehicle Lincoln MKT Livery

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Regulation (EEC) No 4064/89 - Merger Procedure" (PDF). Office for Official Publications of the European Communities L-2985 Luxembourg. exact market definition was left open .. boundaries between segments are blurred by factors other than the size or length of cars
  2. ^ a b Christian Thiel; Johannes Schmidt; Arnold Van Zyl; Erwin Schmid (16 February 2014). "Cost and well-to-wheel implications of the vehicle fleet CO2 emission regulation in the European Union". ResearchGate. Transportation Research Part A 63 (2014) 25–42. p. 27+28. doi:10.1016/j.tra.2014.02.018. Retrieved 25 August 2016. There is no or very little overlap between the traditional segments A to F PDF EU headliner
  3. ^ "Car Classes Simplified: The Euro-standard Car Segments". Retrieved 25 August 2016.
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^ Alborz, Fallah. "New Car Sales Figures June 2015". Car Advice. Car Advice. Retrieved 1 August 2015.
  7. ^ 40 C.F.R. 600 Subpart D §315-08
  8. ^ NCAP Comparable cars
  9. ^ Case No COMP/M.1406 - Hyundai / Kia: Regulation (EEC) No 4064/89 Merger Procedure: Article 6(1)(b) Non-opposition Date: 17/03/1999