|Directed by||Lars von Trier|
|Narrated by||Max von Sydow|
|Music by||Joachim Holbek|
|Edited by||Hervé Schneid|
|Distributed by||Nordisk Film Biografdistribution|
|Box office||$1 million|
Europa (known as Zentropa in North America) is a 1991 Danish art drama film directed by Lars von Trier. It is von Trier's third theatrical feature film and the final film in his Europa trilogy following The Element of Crime (1984) and Epidemic (1987).
The film features an international cast, including the French-American Jean-Marc Barr, Germans Barbara Sukowa and Udo Kier, expatriate American Eddie Constantine, and the Swedes Max von Sydow and Ernst-Hugo Järegård.
A young, idealistic American hopes to "show some kindness" to the German people soon after the end of World War II. In US-occupied Germany, he takes on work as a sleeping-car conductor for the Zentropa railway network, falls in love with a femme fatale, and becomes embroiled in a pro-Nazi terrorist conspiracy.
- Max von Sydow as the Narrator
- Jean-Marc Barr as Leopold Kessler
- Barbara Sukowa as Katharina Hartmann
- Udo Kier as Lawrence Hartmann
- Ernst-Hugo Järegård as Uncle Kessler
- Henning Jensen as Siggy
- Erik Mørk as Pater
- Eddie Constantine as Colonel Harris
- Jørgen Reenberg as Max Hartmann
- Benny Poulsen as Steleman
- Erno Müller as Heifer
- Michael Phillip Simpson as Robins
- Holger Perfort as Mr. Ravenstein
- Anne Werner Thomsen as Mrs. Ravenstein
- Lars von Trier as Jew
- Baard Owe as Man with papers
Europa employs an experimental style of cinema, combining largely black and white visuals with occasional intrusions of colour, having actors interact with rear-projected footage, and layering different images over one another to surreal effect. The voice-over narration uses an unconventional second-person narrative imitative of a hypnotist (e.g. "On the count of ten, you will be in Europa.").
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The film won three awards at the 1991 Cannes Film Festival (Best Artistic Contribution, Jury Prize, and Technical Grand Prize). Upon realizing that he had not won the Palme d'Or, von Trier gave the judges the finger and stormed out of the venue.
- Lasagna, Roberto; Lena, Sandra (12 May 2003). Lars von Trier. Gremese Editore. p. 123. ISBN 978-88-7301-543-7. Retrieved 15 October 2010.
- Stevenson, Jack (2002). Lars von Trier. British Film Institute. p. 72. ISBN 978-0-85170-902-4. Retrieved 14 October 2010.
- "EUROPA (15)". British Board of Film Classification. 25 February 1992. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
- "Zentropa (1992)". Box Office Mojo. Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 15 February 2016.
- Lars Von Trier: Interviews, pp. 82-83
- "Zentropa (Europa) (1992)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
- "Festival de Cannes: Europa". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved 8 September 2009.
- "Zentropa". Chicago Sun-Times.