The europa was a token coinage created in 1928 by Joseph Archer, a politician and industrialist from the Nièvre region of France. The currency was promoted by Philibert Besson, the elected deputy for the Haute-Loire who, along with Archer, was an important figure in the early European federalist movement. The coins were minted in the name of a hypothetical "Federated States of Europe" (États Fédérés d'Europe). Unlike contemporary currencies that were based on the gold standard, the europa derived its notional value from labour.
The currency never circulated except unofficially between federalists of the Nièvre region. Two denominations were produced, both depicting Louis Pasteur and a map of Europe on the obverse and reverse respectively: one valued at 1 europa and another at 1/10 of a europa.
- Calligaro, Oriane (2013). Negotiating Europe: EU promotion of Europeanness since the 1950s. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 9781137369901.
- Dousset, Jean-Luc (2013). Philibert Besson: Le fou qui avait raison. Le Puy-en-Velay: Editions Jeanne d'Arc. ISBN 9782362620300.
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