Europay International

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Europay International was a financial company. It was created by the merger of Eurocard International and Eurocheque International and was headquartered in Waterloo, Belgium, on the same premises as EPSS (European Payment Systems Services) and MasterCard EMEA (the MasterCard region comprising Europe, the Middle East and Africa). During its existence it was, along with Visa, one of the two credit card processors that dominated the European market. The EMV payment system, now a de facto standard for debit and credit cards, was named from Europay, MasterCard, and Visa, the three companies that proposed its usage.[1]

History[edit]

In 1993, Europay International SA and MasterCard International announced they would form a single transaction-processing network.[2] In 1995 it partnered with IBM.[3] In 2001, Europay International was headquartered in Waterloo, Belgium and owned by a number of European financial institutions, with Mastercard International owning a 12 percent share.[4] Europay, along with Visa, dominated the European credit card market during its existence. By June 1994 it had issued 100 million cards, representing 56% of Europe's total market, although Visa still led in terms of dollar volume.[5] Until 1994 it was the dominant credit card processor in German-speaking countries and Northern Europe, but after that it lost ground to Visa in the north but gained market share in the south of Europe.[6] By 1996, Europay represented 71% of all European debit cards, and 56% of combined debit and credit cards.[7]

In 2000 Europay International was an official sponsor of the Euro 2000 football competition, meaning that credit cards issued by participating banks could optionally carry the logo of the tournament.[8]

After announcing the plan in June 2001,[9][10] in 2002, Europay International merged with MasterCard International to form MasterCard, Inc. Today the combined company is known as MasterCard Worldwide.

In 2002, Europay International held a conference in Dublin, Ireland and noted "card fraud had increased as the use of cards had grown."[11]

Brands[edit]

Europay International[12] was the owner of the following payment brands: Eurocard (charge card), Eurocheque (paper-based pan-European cheque system), ec travellers' checque (paper-based European travelers' checks), and Clip (European e-purse based on Common Electronic Purse Specification). It also held the European licenses of MasterCard (credit card) and Maestro (online debit card, joint-venture with MasterCard International).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Radu, Cristian (2003). Implementing Electronic Card Payment Systems. Boston: Artech House, Inc. p. 4. ISBN 1-58053-305-1.
  2. ^ "BRIEFCASE : Europay and MasterCard Plan to Merge Processing", The New York Times (October 2, 1993)
  3. ^ "Technology", Los Angeles Times (June 15, 1995)
  4. ^ "McElhatton to keep key role in new MasterCard", Marilyn Vise, St. Louis Business Journal (August 19, 2001)
  5. ^ "Europay reaches 100 million cards". American Banker. 159 (118). 1994-06-21. p. 13.
  6. ^ Backhaus, Klaus; Büschken, Joachim; Voeth, Markus (2005). International Marketing. Macmillan International Higher Education. pp. 45–46. ISBN 9780230214460.
  7. ^ Kutler, Jeffrey (1996-03-25). "Europay Sustains Double-Digit Pace". American Banker. 161 (57). p. 22.
  8. ^ Lagae, Wim (2005). Sports Sponsorship and Marketing Communications: A European Perspective. Pearson Education. p. 189. ISBN 9780273687061.
  9. ^ "MasterCard, Europay to Form Shareholder-Owned Global Firm", Dow Jones Newswires, The Wall Street Journal (June 7, 2001)
  10. ^ "MasterCard, Europay agree to merge", Philstar Global (June 18, 2001)
  11. ^ "Card fraud grows in line with use", Ella Shanahan, Irish Times (May 17, 2002)
  12. ^ "Europay Announces Advanced Multicurrency Smart Card", American Banker (June 7, 1996)