European Broadcasting Area
The European Broadcasting Area (EBA) is defined by the International Telecommunication Union as such:
- The "European Broadcasting Area" is bounded on the west by the western boundary of Region 1, on the east by the meridian 40° East of Greenwich and on the south by the parallel 30° North so as to include the northern part of Saudi Arabia and that part of those countries bordering the Mediterranean within these limits. In addition, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and those parts of the territories of Iraq, Jordan, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey and Ukraine lying outside the above limits are included in the European Broadcasting Area.
The EBA includes territory outside Europe, and excludes some territory that is part of the European continent. For example Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia were defined as outside the EBA borders until 2007. After EBA was expanded by the 2007 World Radiocommunication Conference (WRC-07) to include those three countries, the only sovereign undisputed territory belonging to the European continent while remaining outside the EBA borders, is 4% of Kazakhstan. While Kazakhstan is excluded from EBA, it is still eligible to apply for membership of the Council of Europe.
The boundaries of the European Broadcasting Area have their origin in the regions served and linked by telegraphy cables in the 19th and early 20th centuries. The European Broadcasting Area plays a part in the definition of eligibility for active membership in the European Broadcasting Union and thus participation in the Eurovision Song Contest.
List of countries within the EBA
|9||Bosnia & Herzegovina|
The following territories also rest inside the EBA borders, but can not join EBU due their status as non-sovereign states:
- Abkhazia, claimed as an autonomous republic of Georgia.
- Akrotiri and Dhekelia, dependent territory of United Kingdom.
- Azores, dependent territory of Portugal
- Canary Islands, dependent territory of Spain
- Faroe Islands, dependent territory of Denmark.
- Gibraltar, dependent territory of United Kingdom.
- Guernsey, dependent territory of United Kingdom.
- Isle of Man, dependent territory of United Kingdom.
- Jersey, dependent territory of United Kingdom.
- Kosovo, claimed as an autonomous province of Serbia.
- Kurdistan, claimed as part of Iraq
- Madeira, dependent territory of Portugal
- Nagorno-Karabakh, claimed as part of Azerbaijan.
- Northern Cyprus, claimed as part of Cyprus.
- Transnistria, claimed as a territorial unit of Moldova.
- South Ossetia, claimed as part of Georgia.
- ^ a b c d Among the 60 EBA countries, only 4 (Liechtenstein, Iraq, Saudi Arabia and Syria) were not active EBU members, as of May 2014.
- ^ The United Kingdom consists of the countries of England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales. The UK is responsible for the foreign relations and ultimate good governance of the Crown dependencies of Guernsey, the Isle of Man and Jersey, which are otherwise separate. The mainlands of England, Scotland and Wales make up the island of Great Britain (or simply Britain). The two territories: Gibraltar and Akrotiri & Dhekelia have status as British Overseas Territories, and thus also belong within the foreign affairs of United Kingdom.
- ITU-R Radio Regulations (2012-2015), International Telecommunication Union, available from the Spectrum Management Authority of Jamaica. Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia were added to the EBA at the 2007 World Radiocommunication Conference (WRC-07).
- "ITU-R Radio Regulations - Articles edition of 2004 (valid in 2004-2007)" (PDF). International Telecommunication Union. 2004.
- "Situation in Kazakhstan and its Relations with the Council of Europe". Document 11007: II General information, point 11. Parliamentary Assembly Council of Europe. 7 July 2006.
- "72 active members in 56 countries". EBU. Retrieved 22 May 2014.
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