European Broadcasting Area
The European Broadcasting Area (EBA) is defined by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) as such:
- The "European Broadcasting Area" is bounded on the west by the western boundary of Region 1, on the east by the meridian 40° East of Greenwich and on the south by the parallel 30° North so as to include the northern part of Saudi Arabia and that part of those countries bordering the Mediterranean within these limits. In addition, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and those parts of the territories of Iraq, Jordan, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey and Ukraine lying outside the above limits are included in the European Broadcasting Area.
The EBA includes territory outside Europe, and excludes some territory that is part of the European continent. For example, Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia were defined as outside the EBA borders until 2007. After EBA was expanded by the 2007 World Radiocommunication Conference (WRC-07) to include those three countries, the only ITU member state with territory in Europe while remaining outside the EBA is Kazakhstan. While Kazakhstan is excluded from EBA, it is still eligible to apply for membership of the Council of Europe.
The boundaries of the European Broadcasting Area have their origin in the regions served and linked by telegraphy cables in the 19th and early 20th centuries. The European Broadcasting Area plays a part in the definition of eligibility for active membership in the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) and thus participation in the Eurovision Song Contest. As of November 2017, the European Broadcasting Union has 73 members from 56 countries, 33 associates from 21 countries, and 7 approved participants.
List of countries and territories within the EBA
ITU member states
- Bosnia and Herzegovina
- Czech Republic
- San Marino
- Saudi Arabia[a][d]
- United Kingdom[h]
- Vatican City
- Partially outside the EBA.
- Greenland is outside the EBA.
- Overseas regions and territories are outside the EBA.
- Not a member of the EBU.
- Caribbean Netherlands, Aruba, Curaçao and Sint Maarten are outside the EBA.
- Bouvet Island, Peter I Island and Queen Maud Land are outside the EBA.
- The Canary Islands are outside the EBA.
- The British Overseas Territories, except Akrotiri and Dhekelia and Gibraltar, are outside the EBA.
Dependent territories and states with limited recognition
The following jurisdictions also rest inside the EBA borders, but cannot join the ITU or EBU due their dependent status or limited recognition:
- Dependent territories
- Akrotiri and Dhekelia, overseas territory of the United Kingdom.
- Faroe Islands, constituent country of Denmark.
- Gibraltar, overseas territory of the United Kingdom.
- Guernsey, Crown dependency of the United Kingdom.
- Isle of Man, Crown dependency of the United Kingdom.
- Jersey, Crown dependency of the United Kingdom.
- States with limited recognition
- Abkhazia, claimed as an autonomous republic of Georgia.
- Artsakh, claimed as part of Azerbaijan.
- Kosovo, claimed as an autonomous province of Serbia.
- Northern Cyprus, claimed as part of Cyprus.
- Palestine, disputed by Israel.
- South Ossetia, claimed as part of Georgia.
- Transnistria, claimed as a territorial unit of Moldova.
- Kurdistan (including Rojava in Syria) autonomous region of Iraq, disputed by Turkey, Syria, and Iran.
Companies in the European Broadcasting Area
This section may need to be rewritten entirely to comply with Wikipedia's quality standards, as A lot of unneeded info in every section. The Germany section makes no mention of ARD or ZDF, the two 'main' broadcasters, yet has three regional broadcasters. Sweden includes the non-existent channels of 'SVT3' & 'SVT4'. The UK has listed 'Sianel 4 Cymru', 'UK STV', and 'United Kingdom Independent Broadcasting' separately, despite the first two along with ITV and Channel 4 making up 'UKIB'. (April 2018)
The members of the European Broadcasting Union are able to provide their audience with a variety of channels in different countries. Every country included in the European Broadcasting Area consists of different companies that spread the news to the public in a multitude of ways. Below are some countries and the companies that deliver information and entertainment to their viewers in the European Broadcasting Area.
The companies in Algeria are Etablissement Public de Radiodiffusion Sonore, Etablissment Public de Télévision Algérienne, and Télédiffusion d’Algérie. The Etablissement Public de Radiodiffusion Sonore is the main radio company in Algeria. It consists of three different radio stations that transmit programs talking about regional, local, or international life related to Algerian nationalism. There are three different radio national channels because each one transmits programs in different languages. The first channel transmits information in Arabic while the second and third channel use the French language. The Etablissment Public de Télévision Algérienne is the main television company in Algeria. The company’s main motive is the same as Algeria’s radio company which is to educate and entertain their audience with programs about regional, local, and international life along with current events from around the world. The company transmits their channel to Europe, North Africa, and parts of the Middle East. The Télédiffusion d’Algérie is in charge of distributing radio and television channels and programs through technological advancements.
In Belgium, the companies are Radio-Télévision Belge de la Communauté française and Vlaamse Radio en Televisieomroep. Radio-Télévision Belge de la Communauté française (RTBF) is a public corporation that is focused on the needs of French speaking Belgian citizens and their aspiration is to educate and entertain their audience. Their ways of distributing information are four television channels, six radio stations, their webpage, and social networks. The Vlaamse Radio en Televisieomroep is a public service broadcasting company for Flemish people. Their focus is to provide information about the Flemish culture and identity in an open and diverse way. The company consists of a few radio stations and television news and sports programs.
In Denmark, the companies are Danmarks Radio and TV 2 DANMARK. Danmarks Radio (DR) is the oldest Danish Broadcasting Corporation in Denmark with regard to electronic media business. Danmarks Radio broadcasts information about news and entertainment through six television channels, nine radio channels, orchestras, and apps. TV 2 DANMARK is a government-owned company and is Denmark’s most watched channel with a number of sister channels.
The companies in Ireland are Raidió Teilifís Éireann and TG4. Raidió Teilifís Éireann (RTÉ) is a public media organization in Ireland that grants their audience extensive multi-media services. RTÉ distributes their programs over seven television channels, nine radio stations, and their website. TG4 is a television channel known for its use of the Irish language. TV3 is an independent channel that is available on every television in Ireland with an average of 650,000 people tuning in to watch it a day.
Some of the companies in France are France Télévisions, France Médias Monde, and Radio France. France Télévisions is a television company owned by the government. It became France Télévisions with the consolidation of the television channels France 2, France 3, France 4, France 5, and France Ô. France Médias Monde controls France 24, RFI, and Monte Carlo Doualiya. The company is an international broadcasting service that transmits from the South of France to different parts of the world. France 24 is the international news channel, RFI is the international radio station, and Monte Carol Doualiya is an Arab-speaking radio station. Radio France is a national broadcasting company made up of seven other channels and forty-four local stations.
Some of the companies in Germany are Deutsche Welle, Deutschland Radio, Rundfunk Berlin- Brandenburg, Saarländischer Rundfunk, and Südwestrundfunk. Deutsche Welle (DW) is Germany’s international broadcasting service. DW is made up of six channels that transmit in 30 different languages internationally. Deutschland Radio is the German radio that consists of three programs. The German radio is a sign of nationalism because Germany did not have radio like other countries. The three programs are Germany Spark, Germany Kultur, and DRadio Knowledge. Germany Spark focuses on broadcasting information and is based in Cologne. Germany Kultur focuses on culture in the nation. Dradio Knowledge is an entertainment program that broadcasts pop culture news and music. Rundfunk Berlin- Brandenburg (RBB) is a merger of Sander Freies Berlin (SFB) company and the East German Rundfunk Brandenburg (ORB). RBB consists of broadcasting information through television and radio channels. Saarländischer Rundfunk (SR) is a radio and television company in Germany. SR consists of four radio stations and three television programs. Südwestrundfunk (SWR) is a public media company with many radio and television programs. The SWR programs consist of SWR1, SWR 2, SWR 3, SWR 4, SWRinfo, DASDING, and SWR Classic.
In the Netherlands, some companies are KRO-NCRV, NTR, Nederlandse Omroep Stichting, Nerderlandse Publieke Omroep, and Omroep MAX. KRO-NCRV is a collaboration broadcaster made up of the association of KRO and the NCRV association. The company provides their audience with information about their society, their culture, and social needs. NTR an independent public service broadcaster that provides their viewers with unique programs. Nederlandse Omroep Stichting (NOS) is a television company that transmits national Dutch news and international news. NOS provides the Dutch viewers with information about news, sports, and events with a number of television programs. Nerderlandse Publieke Omroep (NPO) is a public service broadcaster for any who wants to watch or listen. NPO broadcasts through television and radio programs and social media. Omroep MAX is a public broadcasting service specially designed with programs for people of 50 years of age and older.
In Sweden, the companies are Sveriges Radio Ab, Sverieges Television Sb, Swedish Educational Broadcasting Company. Sveriges Radio Ab (SR) is an independent radio company for the Swedish population. The company consists of 13 radio stations that broadcasts different information. Radio station P1 is for qualified news, P2 is for classical, jazz, and folk music, P3 is for mostly for the young adults with a variety of programs, P4 is for national and international news and pop music, etc. Sverieges Television Ab (SVT) is Sweden’s public service television company. SVT consists of four channels which are SVT1, SVT2, SVT3, SVT4. Swedish Educational Broadcasting Company (UR) is in collaboration with SR and SVT and focuses on broadcasting educational programs.
The United Kingdom’s companies are British Broadcasting Corporation, Sianel 4 Cymru, UK STV, and United Kingdom Independent Broadcasting. British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a public service broadcaster in the UK and the world through various television channels, radio stations, and online websites. Sianel 4 Cymru (S4C) is a public service broadcaster that transmits Welsh language programs. Also, it is the only Welsh-speaking channel in the whole world. The channel broadcasts more than 155 hours of programming a week. UK STV is Scotland’s digital media company. STV broadcasts their programs on TV, on demand, and online. United Kingdom Independent Broadcasting (ITV) is a producer broadcaster with the availability of many different channels for their viewers.
- ITU-R Radio Regulations (2012-2015), International Telecommunication Union, available from the Spectrum Management Authority of Jamaica. Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia were added to the EBA at the 2007 World Radiocommunication Conference (WRC-07).
- "ITU-R Radio Regulations - Articles edition of 2004 (valid in 2004-2007)" (PDF). International Telecommunication Union. 2004.
- "Situation in Kazakhstan and its Relations with the Council of Europe". Document 11007: II General information, point 11. Parliamentary Assembly Council of Europe. 7 July 2006.
- "EBU - Members". European Broadcasting Union. Retrieved 2017-11-01.
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- email@example.com, All: ENTV [www.entv.dz]; e-mail:. ".::ETABLISSENT PUBLIC DE TELEVISION ::". www.entv.dz. Retrieved 2016-10-16.
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- "Wie zijn we | VRT". www.vrt.be. Retrieved 2016-10-16.
- "About dr". DR. Retrieved 2016-10-16.
- "TV 2 I OVERSKRIFTER". Om TV 2 (in Danish). Retrieved 2016-10-16.
- "About RTÉ- Watch, Listen, Discover". RTÉ About. RTÉ.ie. Retrieved 2016-10-16.
- "Buneolas | TG4". TG4. Retrieved 2016-10-16.
- "French Public Broadcaster Goes for HbbTV". The Online Reporter. 2011-09-13. Retrieved 2016-10-21.
- "France Médias Monde". www.francemediasmonde.com. Archived from the original on 2016-04-21. Retrieved 2016-10-21.
- "Repères - Radio France". www.radiofrance.fr. Retrieved 2016-10-21.
- (www.dw.com), Deutsche Welle. "Profile | DW.COM". DW.COM. Retrieved 2016-10-21.
- "Geschichte". Deutschlandradio (in German). Retrieved 2016-10-21.
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- Rundfunk, Saarländischer (2016-10-21). "Der SR". SR.de (in German). Retrieved 2016-10-21.
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- "Over de KRO-NCRV". KRO-NCRV. Archived from the original on 2016-10-20. Retrieved 2016-10-21.
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- Radio, Sveriges. "Uppdrag - Företagsfakta - Om Sveriges Radio". Retrieved 2016-10-21.
- Radio, Sveriges. "Kanaler och frekvenser - Företagsfakta - Om Sveriges Radio". Retrieved 2016-10-21.
- Sweden, Sveriges Television AB, Stockholm,. "SVT - the Swedish public service broadcaster | SVT.se". www.svt.se. Retrieved 2016-10-21.
- "About UR". Sveriges Utbildningsradio, UR (in Swedish). Retrieved 2016-10-21.
- "BBC - At A Glance - Inside the BBC". www.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-10-21.
- "S4C Amdanom ni". www.s4c.cymru. Retrieved 2016-10-21.
- "About STV". STV Information. Retrieved 2016-10-21.
- "Who we are | itvplc". itvplc. Retrieved 2016-10-21.