European Center for Constitutional and Human Rights

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European Center for Constitutional and Human Rights (ECCHR)
Formation2007-03-05
FounderWolfgang Kaleck
PurposeHuman rights organization
Location
  • Berlin
Lotte Leicht, Tobias Singelnstein, Dieter Hummel
Websitehttps://www.ecchr.eu/en/

The European Center for Constitutional and Human Rights (ECCHR) is an independent, nonprofit non-governmental organization with the aim of enforcing human rights through legal means. Using litigation, it tries to hold state and non-state actors responsible for egregious abuses.[1] It was founded in 2007 by Wolfgang Kaleck together with a group of human rights lawyers, in order to help protect the rights guaranteed by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, as well as other declarations of human rights and national constitutions, by juridical means. ECCHR engages in litigation, using European, international, and national law to help protect human rights.[2]

Topics and Focus[edit]

ECCHR initiates, develops, and supports high-impact, strategic human rights litigation to hold state and non-state actors accountable for the violations of the rights of the most vulnerable. ECCHR works on cases that illustrate and highlight important legal and social problems, recognizing that human rights violations are committed in specific contexts with a view to achieving certain financial, social, military or political goals. ECCHR actively litigates cases and but also researches, investigates, and helps to coordinate the development strategies of legal advocacy around cases.[3] The organization conducts it work within a network of partner organizations, lawyers and those affected by concrete human rights violations.

ECCHR's work focusses on cases in the following areas:

International Crimes and Accountability[4][edit]

The International Crimes and Accountability Program aims to ensure that grave breaches of international law - war crimes, torture and other crimes against humanity - are prosecuted and perpetrators are brought to justice. As of 2017 ECCHR is focusing its work on the following countries and themes:[5]

Migration[15][edit]

  • EU’s asylum, refugee and migration policies[16]
  • Unlawful push-backs at the EU's external borders[17]

Business and Human Rights[18][edit]

The Business and Human Rights Program looks at three main areas: transnational corporate activities in authoritarian regimes and conflict zones; working conditions in the global supply chain; and business activities that affect economic and social rights. Areas of focus for the Business and Human Rights Program include:[19]

  • Cooperation of companies with regimes and conflict parties and their relation to human rights violations (e.g. in Syria[20], Yemen[21], Colombia, Argentina)
  • Inhumane working conditions in the global supply chain in agro and textile industries (e. g. in Pakistan, Bangladesh, India, Qatar[22])
  • Access to land and livelihoods (e. g. in Zimbabwe, Peru[23])

Education[edit]

As part of a broader social movement, ECCHR regards it as its obligation to not only take legal action against human rights violations but also to educate coming generations of human rights lawyers. ECCHR's Education Program offers participants a platform for the theory and practice of international human rights law. It aims to develop and further a critical analysis of contemporary issues of law and society.[24] ECCHR claims that since 2008 about 400 human rights lawyers from more than 40 countries have been volunteers or trainees at the organisation.[25]

ECCHR organizes conferences and other public events, conducts media outreach, and publishes web-based and print reports and communications to inform the public about grave human rights violations worldwide.[26]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "European Center for Constitutional and Human Rights (ECCHR)". Business & Human Rights Resource Centre. Retrieved 2016-02-19.
  2. ^ "about - ECCHR - EUROPEAN CENTER FOR CONSTITUTIONAL AND HUMAN RIGHTS (en)". www.ecchr.eu. Retrieved 2018-01-04.
  3. ^ "How we work". ECCHR. Retrieved 2018-07-25.
  4. ^ "universal justice - ECCHR - EUROPEAN CENTER FOR CONSTITUTIONAL AND HUMAN RIGHTS (en)". www.ecchr.eu. Retrieved 2018-01-04.
  5. ^ "universal justice - ECCHR - EUROPEAN CENTER FOR CONSTITUTIONAL AND HUMAN RIGHTS (en)". www.ecchr.eu. Retrieved 2018-01-04.
  6. ^ Ott, Stephanie. "Syria: 'This case is about saving humanity'". www.aljazeera.com. Retrieved 2018-01-04.
  7. ^ "Trade Union Violence in Colombia as Crime against Humanity | Business & Human Rights Resource Centre". business-humanrights.org. Retrieved 2018-01-04.
  8. ^ Fuchs, Christian (2017-06-10). "CIA: Trump's Darling". Die Zeit (in German). ISSN 0044-2070. Retrieved 2018-01-04.
  9. ^ "'Reasonable basis' to believe British soldiers abused captives, prosecutor says | Times & Star". www.timesandstar.co.uk. Retrieved 2018-01-04.
  10. ^ (www.dw.com), Deutsche Welle, Torture survivors and experts: "Torture doesn't work" | All media content | DW | 27.01.2017, retrieved 2018-01-04
  11. ^ "Menschenrechtler fordern Ende der Aufweichung des Völkerrechts bei Kampfdrohnen". netzpolitik.org (in German). Retrieved 2018-01-04.
  12. ^ LTO. "Die juristische Presseschau vom 7. September 2017". Legal Tribune Online (in German). Retrieved 2018-01-04.
  13. ^ LTO. "Kriegsverbrecherprozess am OLG Stuttgart". Legal Tribune Online (in German). Retrieved 2018-01-04.
  14. ^ Wright, Paul (2017-08-15). "German doctor jailed for role in secret Nazi paedophile sect Colonia Dignidad in Chile". International Business Times UK. Retrieved 2018-01-04.
  15. ^ "Migration - ECCHR - EUROPEAN CENTER FOR CONSTITUTIONAL AND HUMAN RIGHTS (en)". www.ecchr.eu. Retrieved 2018-01-04.
  16. ^ "ECCHR asks EU Ombudsman to inquiry into EASO's role at Greek hotspots | European Council on Refugees and Exiles (ECRE)". www.ecre.org. Retrieved 2018-01-04.
  17. ^ "Spain: Court backs migrants over 'collective expulsion' human rights complaint | HUMANERIGHTSEUROPE". www.humanrightseurope.org. Retrieved 2018-01-04.
  18. ^ "business and human rights - ECCHR - EUROPEAN CENTER FOR CONSTITUTIONAL AND HUMAN RIGHTS (en)". www.ecchr.eu. Retrieved 2018-01-04.
  19. ^ "business and human rights - ECCHR - EUROPEAN CENTER FOR CONSTITUTIONAL AND HUMAN RIGHTS (en)". www.ecchr.eu. Retrieved 2018-01-04.
  20. ^ "Important step in the « Lafarge in Syria » case: Nomination of three investigative judges | Business & Human Rights Resource Centre". www.business-humanrights.org. Retrieved 2018-01-04.
  21. ^ MacAskill, Ewan. "Italian officials and German firm face legal action over Saudi arms sales". The Guardian. Retrieved 2018-07-19.
  22. ^ Müller-Hoff, Linde Bryk und Claudia. "Strategic Litigation to Address Forced Labour | GRUNDUNDMENSCHENRECHTSBLOG". grundundmenschenrechtsblog.de (in German). Retrieved 2018-01-04.
  23. ^ "Human Rights, the Environment and Mining: Holding Transnational Corporations Accountable | OHRH". ohrh.law.ox.ac.uk. Retrieved 2018-01-04.
  24. ^ "Education Program - ECCHR - EUROPEAN CENTER FOR CONSTITUTIONAL AND HUMAN RIGHTS (en)". www.ecchr.eu. Retrieved 2018-01-04.
  25. ^ "Alumni Network". www.ecchr.eu. Retrieved 2018-07-25.
  26. ^ "How we work". www.ecchr.eu. Retrieved 2018-07-25.

External links[edit]