European Chess Union

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European Chess Union (ECU)
824 KB
Formation 1985
Headquarters Hunenberg See, Switzerland
Membership
54 national federations
President
Zurab Azmaiparashvili
Website www.europechess.org

The European Chess Union (ECU) is an independent association for the interests of European chess. European Chess Union has its seat in Hunenberg See, Switzerland.

European Chess Union is an independent association founded in 1985 in Graz, Austria. ECU is the only organisation which has the right to organize various European Chess Championships. Every year ECU organizes more than 20 prestigious events and championships. It has 2,000,000 official members within 54 Federations. Its current President is Zurab Azmaiparashvili.[1]

ECU history[edit]

In 1924 FIDE was founded in Paris with Pierre Vincent from France as first president. 14 federations were present, twelve from Europe with Argentina and Canada. Step by step the organization grew larger, particularly after World War II when the great champions of the Soviet Union contributed to spreading the interest in the game. After 1970 President Max Euwe, ex-world champion, opened the doors of FIDE to Africa, Asia and Latin America. In 1982 for the first time the FIDE presidency left Europe to go to Asia. Florencio Campomanes from the Philippines committed himself fully to strengthening and developing chess in the third world. As Europeans began to feel underrepresented in FIDE, the European Chess Union was founded under Rolf Littorin from Sweden at the FIDE Congress 1985 in Graz. Three principles were clearly defined: ECU was to be an organization within FIDE, it should include the whole of Europe, West and East, and there should not be any new financial obligations for the member federations. In that era of cold war politics inevitably influenced big sport federations. Therefore, except Poland, the Soviet block did not join the new union. The FIDE leadership did not trust the European ideas either. At the FIDE congress in Dubai 1986 Littorin withdrew, Kurt Jungwirth from Austria was entrusted with the ECU Presidency for 13 years until 1998. ECU strongly defended European interests in FIDE just as in world football UEFA was doing within FIFA. New events were created: in 1988 the first European youth championship under 16 took place in Saltsjöbaden, in 1992 the first European Team Championship for women was held in Debrecen, in 1996 Werner Stubenvoll directed the first European Club Cup for women in Smederevska Palanka. After the great political detente of 1990 Eastern Europe countries flocked to the European Chess Union. When in 1996 Kirsan Ilyumzhinov became FIDE’s leader, the relationship between World Chess and ECU normalized. In 1998 Boris Kutin from Slovenia was elected ECU President. A new office was established in Berlin with Horst Metzing as Secretary General. Tournaments were reformed. Individual continental championships in all categories including youth events became high quality mass spectacles. The periods between European Team Championships were shortened from three to two years. The final breakthrough came after 2000 when ECU obtained financial and administrative autonomy. Today ECU has 54 member federations. The vision of 1985 has come true. Europe is a strong, united chess continent.

Board members[edit]

  • Zurab Azmaiparashvili – President
  • Ion-Serban Dobronauteanu – Deputy President
  • Finnbjorn Vang – Vice President
  • Theodoros Tsorbatzoglou – Secretary General
  • Martin Huba – Treasurer
  • Adrian Mikhalchishin – Board Member
  • Johann Poecksteiner – Board Member
  • Jean-Michel Rapaire – Board Member
  • Petr Pisk – Tournament Director

Member federations[edit]

  • Albania – Federata Shqiptare e Shahut
  • Andorra – Federació d'Escacs Valls d'Andorra
  • Armenia – Հայաստանի շախմատի ֆեդերացիա
  • Austria – Österreichischer Schachbund
  • Azerbaijan – Azərbaycan Şahmat Federasiyası
  • Belarus – Белорусская Федерация Шахмат
  • Belgium – Koninklijke Belgische Schaakbond / Fédération Royale Belge des Echecs / Königlicher Schachbund Belgien
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina – Šahovska unija Bosne i Hercegovine / Шаховска унија Босне и Херцеговине
  • Bulgaria – Българска федерация по шахмат
  • Croatia – Hrvatski šahovski savez
  • Cyprus – Κυπριακή Σκακιστική Ομοσπονδία
  • Czech Republic – Šachový svaz České republiky
  • Denmark – Dansk Skak Union
  • England – English Chess Federation (ECF)
  • Estonia – Eesti Maleliit
  • Faroe Islands – Talvsamband Føroya
  • Finland – Suomen Keskusshakkiliitto
  • FYR Macedonia – Шаховската федерација на Македонија
  • France – Féderation Française des Échecs
  • Georgia – საქართველოს ჭადრაკის ფედერაცია
  • Germany – Deutscher Schachbund
  • Greece – Ελληνική Σκακιστική Ομοσπονδία
  • Guernsey – Guernsey Chess Federation
  • Hungary – Magyar Sakkszövetség
  • Iceland – Skáksamband Íslands
  • Ireland – Irish Chess Union
  • Israel – איגוד השחמט הישראלי
  • Italy – Federazione Scacchistica Italiana (FSI)
  • Jersey – Jersey Chess Federation
  • Latvia – Latvijas Šaha savienība
  • Liechtenstein – Liechtensteiner Schachverband
  • Lithuania – Lietuvos šachmatų federacijos
  • Luxemburg – Féderation Luxembourgeoise des Échecs
  • Malta – Il-Federazzjoni Maltija taċ-Ċess
  • Moldova – Federația de Șah a Republicii Moldova
  • Monaco – Fédération Monégasque des Échecs
  • Montenegro – Šahovski savez Crne Gore / Шаховски савез Црне Горе
  • Netherlands – Koninklijke Nederlandse Schaakbond
  • Norway – Norges Sjakkforbund
  • PolandPolski Związek Szachowy
  • Portugal – Federação Portuguesa de Xadrez
  • Romania – Federatia Romana de Sah
  • Russia – Российская Шахматная Федерация
  • San Marino – Federazione Sammarinese degli Scacchi
  • ScotlandChess Scotland
  • Serbia – Šahovski savez Srbije / Шаховски савез Србије
  • Slovakia – Slovenský šachový zväz
  • Slovenia – Šahovska zveza Slovenije
  • Spain – Federacion Española de Ajedrez
  • Sweden – Sveriges Schackförbund
  • Switzerland – Fédération Suisse des Échecs / Schweizerischer Schachbund / Federazione Scacchista Svizzera / Federaziun Svizra da Schah / Swiss Chess Federation
  • Kosovo - Federata e Shahut e Kosovës
  • Turkey – Türkiye Satranç Federasyonu
  • Ukraine – Федерація шахів України
  • Wales – Welsh Chess Union

ECU tournaments[edit]

Individual championships[edit]

Team championships[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ President's Office, ECU, retrieved 2015-04-02 

External links[edit]